ADHD Information Center Archive

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Association holds after adjustment for unmeasured genetic, environmental factors

Diethylstilbestrol Use in Pregnancy Linked to Multigenerational Neurodevelopmental Deficits

Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.

ADHD Frequently Occurs with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.

Most adolescents with ADHD have indifferent attitudes toward medication

A majority of study participants also reported that they frequently skip doses of ADHD medication.

Many US adults affected by ADHD not properly treated

There is an unmet need for better treatment to manage symptom burden among US adults with ADHD.

FDA approves Adzenys ER for ADHD treatment

The FDA has approved Adzenys ER extended-release oral suspension ADHD treatment for patients 6 years and older.

Suicide attempt risk not associated with ADHD treatment

There does not appear to be an association between methylphenidate hydrochloride treatment for ADHD and suicide attempts.

FDA to review novel investigational treatment for ADHD

Sunovion has submitted a New Drug Application for dasotraline, a new treatment for ADHD.

FDA approves first generic forms of Strattera for ADHD

The generic forms of Strattera are the first to be approved by the FDA for the treatment of ADHD.

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

More than 6 million physician visits were made by children between 4 and 17 years of age with ADHD in 2012 to 2013.

Psychiatric, behavioral conditions linked to future long-term opioid use

Patients diagnosed with a prior psychiatric condition have increased odds of long-term opioid receipt than patients without these conditions.

Rate of diagnoses for ADHD stabilizing among preschoolers

Guidelines issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend behavior therapy as the first-line therapy for preschoolers.

Acetaminophen use during pregnancy linked to higher risk of childhood behavioral problems

Children exposed to acetaminophen prenatally had an increased risk of multiple behavioral difficulties.

Antidepressants regularly prescribed for off-label indications

Antidepressant use for anxiety, panic, and ADHD has increased.

Rates of asthma, ADHD increasing among children living in poverty

Rates of chronic conditions are on the rise in children, and children living in poverty have a higher risk of ADHD and asthma, compared with wealthier children.

Stimulant misuse increasing in young adults

The rate of misuse of prescription stimulants has risen among young adults despite the rate of prescriptions remaining the same.

ADHD diagnosis 3 times as likely for children in foster care

Children in foster care are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD and are more likely to have a comorbid disorder.

Preterm birth, poor fetal growth increase ADHD risk

The earlier in a pregnancy a child is born, the greater their risk for developing ADHD.

Stimulant misuse may start earlier than expected

Prescription diet pills were the most popular stimulant drug misused by females, while Adderall was the drug misused most often by males.

One in 10 kids receive attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis

The number of children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder was lowest among those without health insurance.

Three-quarters of kids with ADHD take medication

Of the patients with current ADHD, 74.0% received treatment in the past week and 44.0% had received behavioral therapy in the past year.

Family-centered care improves ADHD symptoms

After one year, the children as a whole showed improvements in hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention, and social skills.

ADHD drug approved to treat binge-eating disorder

Patients taking Vyvanse experienced a decrease in the number of binge eating days per week.

Smoking during pregnancy linked to child ADHD

Maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with higher ADHD risk, but the association was stronger for females.

Be cautious of substance abuse in kids with ADHD

Kids diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are at higher risk for developing substance use disorders.

Landmark ADHD study backing drugs over counseling questioned

Many children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder may have missed out on valuable counseling.

ADHD drugs linked to priapism

The FDA is warning of a rare but serious risk of painfully prolonged erections with ADHD drugs containing methylphenidate.

Maternal risk factors identified for ADHD

Mothers of children with ADHD more likely to be younger, single and smokers, regardless of child gender.

Child ADHD prevalence exceeds 1 in 10

Nearly one in five currently diagnosed with ADHD not receiving medication, counseling.

ADHD prevalence lower in sunny regions

Improvements in circadian clock disturbances may explain association seen between sun exposure and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Heart surgery during infancy ups ADHD risk

The ADHD risk for patients who undergo early cardiac surgery should be conveyed to parents.

ADHD linked to defecation disorders in kids

Children with ADHD significantly more likely to have visits for constipation, fecal incontinence.

Parent goals influence ADHD treatment choices

Caregivers tend to chose medication for academic achievement, behavior therapy for behavioral compliance for kids with ADHD.

Kids with ADHD often have autisic traits

About one in five children and adolescents with ADHD show signs of autism.

Decision support module improves ADHD diagnosis

System may also improve quality of ADHD management in children.

Childhood ADHD linked to atopic diseases

Asthma, impetigo and antihistamine drug prescriptions more likely in children with ADHD.

ADHD, texting a risky combo for teen drivers

Texting while driving is associated with negative outcomes for all teen drivers, but particularly those with ADHD.

Wide variance in stimulant rxs for ADHD

Variation signals disparity between clinical practice guidelines and actual practice.

Video game addiction common in autistic boys

Inattentive symptoms predicted problematic game use in boys with autism spectrum disorders or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

FDA approves brain scan to diagnose ADHD

A device that measures brain wave frequency has been cleared by the FDA for the use of ADHD diagnosis.

TBI disability risk elevated in kids with ADHD

Following mild traumatic brain injury, significantly more patients with ADHD than without were disabled.

Boyhood ADHD tied to adult obesity

Higher rates of obesity and higher BMIs observed in men with remitted ADHD versus men with no ADHD history.

Parent behavior training favored for young kids with ADHD

These interventions show more effectiveness than methylphenidate for preschoolers at risk

ADHD drugs should not be prescribed to improve childrens' memory

Prescribing neuroenhancing drugs, such as those used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, to improve cognitive function is unjustified and inadvisable, according to position paper.

Childhood ADHD lasts into adulthood

Childhood ADHD lasts into adulthood in 29% of cases, along with an increased risk for psychiatric disorders, suicide.

ADHD symptoms stable in early life despite meds

Medication status does not predict change in symptom severity among young children with moderate-to-severe ADHD.

Domestic violence ups ADHD risk

Children of parents who report intimate partner violence and depression are more likely to be diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Some dietary interventions improve ADHD symptoms

Fatty acid supplementation, elimination of artificial food colorings have positive effects on ADHD symptoms.

ED visits up for ADHD stimulant abuse

Overall, half of ADHD stimulant medication-related ED visits in 2010 involved nonmedical use and nearly one third involved adverse drug reactions.

ADHD diagnoses increased during past decade

Rates of ADHD diagnoses up 25% in the last decade, with the most notable increases observed among black girls.

Psychopathological sequelae of ADHD extend to adulthood

More antisocial personality disorder, substance use and divorces for adult men with ADHD.

ADHD meds reduce crime rates

Criminal convictions significantly down for men, women with ADHD receiving meds versus nonmedication periods.

Youngest students more likely to get ADHD meds

Age difference between youngest and oldest students may account for gaps in maturity and school performance.

Maternal smoking may increase ADHD risk

A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Aerobic exercise benefits kids with ADHD

Moderate intensity aerobic exercise may improve neurocognitive function and inhibitory control in children with ADHD.

Gestational diabetes, poverty increase risk for ADHD

A large, population-based study confirms previous associations between maternal diabetes, low socioeconomic status and ADHD.

Online Adderall may contain wrong active ingredients

FDA warns that counterfeit drug may be ineffective and potentially harmful.

Prenatal meth exposure linked to behavioral problems

At ages 3 and 5, children who had been exposed to methamphetamine in the womb had greater emotional reactivity and higher levels of anxiety and depression than their unexposed peers.

No increased CV risk with ADHD meds

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder drugs did not increase the risk for cardiovascular events among children, data from a retrospective cohort study involving more than 1.2 million children and young adults indicate.

In utero BPA exposure linked to tots' behavior problems

Bisphenol A exposure in the womb may contribute to ADHD, anxiety and depression in toddlers.

Smoke exposure may contribute to childhood learning disorders

Children exposed to secondhand cigarette smoke had a 50% increased risk for neurobehavioral disorders compared with those with no exposure, data from the National Survey of Children's Health indicated.

No link between ADHD meds, increased CV events

Incidence of severe cardiovascular events and death similar among children and teens that use ADHD medications and those who do not, study finds.

FDA debates link between food dyes, hyperactivity

Food Advisory Committee to decide whether to ban artificial coloring in food.

Possible association between stimulants used for ADHD and sudden death in children

An association between stimulant use and risk of sudden death in children and adolescents without known cardiac risk factors has been reported.

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