Adolescent Medicine

USPSTF Intervention to Prevent Child Maltreatment

USPSTF Intervention to Prevent Child Maltreatment

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The United States Preventive Services Task Force has updated their 2013 recommendations for clinician interventions to prevent maltreatment in children.

Oral Immunomodulatory Therapy for Pediatric Peanut Allergy

Oral Immunomodulatory Therapy for Pediatric Peanut Allergy

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Pediatric patients with peanut allergy may benefit from an oral immunomodulatory treatment that can reduce the severity of symptoms associated with peanut protein ingestion.

For Teen Girls, Depression May Predict Subsequent Alcohol Use

For Teen Girls, Depression May Predict Subsequent Alcohol Use

Depression severity predicts increased likelihood of alcohol use; link for reverse pathway inconsistent.

Prevalence of Eating Disorders 1.4% in Preteens

Prevalence of Eating Disorders 1.4% in Preteens

No statistically significant differences in prevalence rates seen between boys and girls.

Youth Smoking Decline Mirrors Rise in Vaping Popularity

Youth Smoking Decline Mirrors Rise in Vaping Popularity

Large rise in youth vaping, decline in past 30-day smoking prevalence accelerated around 2014.

Obesity as a Teen Ups Risk for Later Pancreatic Cancer

Obesity as a Teen Ups Risk for Later Pancreatic Cancer

In men, overweight and even higher normal weight tied to increased risk.

Long Wait Times Between Referral and Interdisciplinary Pediatric Chronic Pain Evaluation

Long Wait Times Between Referral and Interdisciplinary Pediatric Chronic Pain Evaluation

For adolescents with chronic pain, wait times to evaluation at an interdisciplinary pain clinic after referral were long and were associated with anxious anticipation and frustration from families.

Guidelines Outlined to Ease Peds Transition to Adult Health Care

Guidelines Outlined to Ease Peds Transition to Adult Health Care

Recommendations developed in realms of infrastructure, education, payment, research.

AAP Provides Recommendations for Teen Drivers, Parents

AAP Provides Recommendations for Teen Drivers, Parents

Parents should be reminded that their driving and behavior will shape the behavior of their teen drivers.

Discrimination Concern in Adolescents Linked to Increased Substance Use

Discrimination Concern in Adolescents Linked to Increased Substance Use

Teens whose concern over societal discrimination grew between 2016 and 2017 increased their cigarette and marijuana use.

Pest Allergies in Urban Adolescents Exacerbate Poorly Controlled Asthma

Pest Allergies in Urban Adolescents Exacerbate Poorly Controlled Asthma

Cockroach and mouse allergies were most often associated with poorly controlled asthma and exacerbations in urban adolescents.

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Increases in use of 1 or more contraceptive methods, dual-method use, long-acting reversibles.

Spinal Manipulation Plus Exercise Effective for Teen Low Back Pain

Spinal Manipulation Plus Exercise Effective for Teen Low Back Pain

Spinal manipulative therapy plus exercise more effective than exercise alone over 1-year period.

Does Adolescent Vaccination Increase Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Risk?

Does Adolescent Vaccination Increase Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Risk?

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For this study, researchers investigated the incidence of primary ovarian insufficiency incidence and estimated risk for POI after vaccination with human papillomavirus, Tdap, influenza and meningococcal conjugate using Kaiser Permanente Northwest electronic health records from 2006 to 2014.

HPV Legislation Doesn't Impact Teen Sexual Behaviors

HPV Legislation Doesn't Impact Teen Sexual Behaviors

No substantive or significant associations between HPV legislation and adolescent sexual behaviors.

HIV, Syphilis Screening Low With ED-Diagnosed PID in Adolescents

HIV, Syphilis Screening Low With ED-Diagnosed PID in Adolescents

Findings among teens diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease in the emergency department.

Pelvic Exam in ER Doesn't Help Predict STI for Young Females

Pelvic Exam in ER Doesn't Help Predict STI for Young Females

Pelvic exam doesn't add to history for diagnosis of STIs in young females with suspected cervicitis, PID.

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Discussions involving Internet challenges with children and adolescents should be as sensitive as those about sexuality and drug or alcohol use.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

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If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.

Social Media and Adolescents: What Are the Health Risks?

Social Media and Adolescents: What Are the Health Risks?

Primary care providers should screen for depression and other health-related risks associated with the use of social media by adolescents.

Obesity rates increasing in women, adolescents

Obesity rates increasing in women, adolescents

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An analysis of data from NHANES shows that obesity rates continue to increase in women and adolescents.

HIV, STI rates elevated among young MSM

HIV, STI rates elevated among young MSM

The relationship between HIV and STI rates and race/ethnicity and partner characteristics should be considered in future HIV intervention.

Domestic minor sex trafficking: missed clinical opportunities

Domestic minor sex trafficking: missed clinical opportunities

An awareness of the risks and red flags among adolescent patients who are being trafficked for sex is key to intervention in this vulnerable population.

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

CBT in primary care settings benefits adolescents diagnosed with depression

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Teenagers assigned to receive CBT treatment recovered 8 weeks faster than those receiving only standard care.

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

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Teens who have insufficient sleep are more likely to engage in risky behavior, including drunk driving.

Care gaps identified in adolescents as they enter adulthood

Care gaps identified in adolescents as they enter adulthood

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The systematic literature review identified risk factors and protective factors that affect adolescents with chronic conditions.

Stimulant misuse increasing in young adults

Stimulant misuse increasing in young adults

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The rate of misuse of prescription stimulants has risen among young adults despite the rate of prescriptions remaining the same.

Kids, teens aren't drinking enough water

Kids, teens aren't drinking enough water

Nearly one-quarter of patients aged 6 to 19 years reported they did not drink water at all.

Self-inflicted injury rates among adolescents on the rise

Self-inflicted injury rates among adolescents on the rise

Cutting injuries increased over time, and it was particularly common among girls, study results indicate.

Screening tool detects eating disorders

Screening tool detects eating disorders

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The acronym SCOFF can help identify patients with a likely case of anorexia or bulimia.

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