Allergy & Immunology News Archive
Sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus increased the risk for severe asthma.
Oral administration of BCX7353 at dose of 125 mg results in lower rate of attacks vs placebo.
For adolescents and young adults, the co-administration of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine with incorporated tetanus toxoid with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine is noninferior to isolated vaccination and does not compromise immunity.
Grass, other weeds, and unclassified pollen were significantly associated with increased risk for asthma hospitalization in young children.
A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.
Women receiving the inactivated influenza vaccine demonstrated superior antibody response compared with those receiving the live attenuated influenza vaccine.
Less than a year following the initial direct-to-tumor vaccine injection, all treated tumors disappeared.
Vaccinated women and girls living with HIV may be at greater risk for HPV vaccine failure compared with women and girls without HIV.
Exemption from vaccination is common in Arizona school districts due to lack of trust in medical establishments.
Respiratory symptoms were more common in older children compared with infants who presented with food-induced anaphylaxis.
Inverse association identified between NME rate and MMR vaccine coverage of kindergarteners.
The administration of PCV7 and PCV13 reduced the number of ambulatory visits for otitis media in pediatric patients.
Lone star tick is most common in the South, but may be spreading to new areas
Using state- and individual-level data from the 1995-2014 National Immunization Survey, the effect of a state's Universal Purchase adoption on vaccination rates was estimated.
Others have argued that dismissal is ethically problematic because it can deprive children of comprehensive pediatric care and undermine public health.
Adherence and completion to multidose vaccine schedules for hepatitis A, B, and A-B are low, thereby rendering vaccination ineffective.
From 2007 to 2015, the majority of initial hepatitis A, B, and A/B vaccinations were administered by primary care providers.
The 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States (October 1, 2017-May 19, 2018) was a high-severity season.
Systemic shift in glucose metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis.
The risk of intussusception within 1 to 7 days and 8 to 21 days after rotavirus vaccination was assessed in infants age 28 to 245 days.
Researchers developed a predictive algorithm to identify individuals with a higher risk for severe reactions to the standardized peanut oral food challenge.
Early vaccination of autologous hemopoietic stem-cell transplant (auto-HSCT) recipients during the peri-transplant period can be effective for the prevention of infections such as herpes zoster.
Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism
The hexavalent DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine may not affect Hib vaccine efficacy.
The CDC recommends 2 doses of the MMR vaccine, which provides 97% protection against measles, prior to international travel.
High-certainty evidence for protection in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26 years
The US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has released updated tips for the treatment of seasonal allergies.
The researchers enrolled 25 platinum-pretreated, immunotherapy-naïve patients with recurrent advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) for the trial.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Intake may lead to aggravation of symptoms in patients with atopic dermatitis, birch pollen allergy
Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.
Clinicians using communication training and fact sheets to inform adolescents about HPV, significantly increased vaccination initiation and completion rates among their patients.
Increasing awareness of and access to newer HIV testing options such as free or reduced price on home and self-tests and couples HIV testing and counseling can facilitate increased levels of consistent testing among young, Black MSM, and transgender women.
Researchers sought to assess the effect of seasonal dose adjustments on the rate of systemic reactions in pediatric patients receiving standardized allergen subcutaneous immunotherapy.
Researchers assessed the use of dupilumab in adults with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps who did not respond to treatment with intranasal corticosteroids.
The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices updated its immunization recommendations for adults.
The updates contain new or revised ACIP recommendations for poliovirus, influenza, and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, as well as a clarification of the recommendations for rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines.
Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine
The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.
Younger adults are more likely to have provider-ordered flu testing than older adults.
Intensive care and death were greatly prevented in patients who were annually vaccinated.
Inactivated and live attenuated flu vaccines can be safely administered to people with egg allergies.
Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.
A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.
New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
A 250-μg peanut patch produces a significant treatment response in peanut-allergic patients treated for a year.
Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.
Fish is an important trigger of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.
CDC voted for Shingrix over Zostavax as herpes zoster vaccine of choice
The AMA STEPS Forward module helps health care professionals save time by creating a team-based approach for an adult immunization program.
In the 1 to 10 days after flu vaccine administration, there was no increased risk for VTE.
Greater positive mood significantly predicted greater antibody responses to the influenza vaccination.
With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.
The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released the guidelines for the 2017-2018 season.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
The live attenuated vaccine was ineffective among children between 2 and 17 years of age during the 2015-2016 season.
Researchers found that in a cohort of pregnant women, receipt of influenza vaccine the previous year predicts higher baseline antibody titers and decreased peak antibody responses against all influenza strains.
Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.
Most measles cases in the United States are the result of international travel.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to an insect sting may include itching and hives, swelling in the throat or tongue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, stomach cramps, nausea, or diarrhea.
About half of patients accepted influenza vaccination for their child if the clinician used a presumptive vs participatory initiation format.
The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.
A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Cholera, an acute, diarrheal illness, is spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with cholera bacteria.
The researchers found that 2 doses of the HPV vaccine were just as protective as 3 doses.
Mylan is recalling select lots of EpiPen due to a defect that might render it difficult to activate in an emergency.
The ACIP has released the 2017 recommended immunization schedule for adults.
About one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma in the last 5 years may not have a current diagnosis.
The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.
Participants underwent patch testing for food in an effort to examine whether food additives play a role in recurrent aphthous stomatitis etiology.
Supplementation during pregnancy was associated with reduction in risk of persistent wheezing and asthma in offspring.
Cured meat intake levels also had an indirect effect mediated by body mass index.
The FDA has issued a final ruling to ban powdered surgeon's gloves, powdered patient examination gloves, and absorbable powder for lubricating a surgeon's glove.
Exposure during infancy was associated with increased risk up to 16 years of age, especially for nonallergic disease.
Forty percent of people have reported receiving the flu vaccine thus far, including 37% of children.
The Committee on Food Allergies concluded that the actual prevalence of food allergies is unknown due to misinterpretation of symptoms and lack of simple diagnostic tests.
Early introduction increased the probability of a successful oral food challenge.
Primary care providers also order more tests for uncommon causes of food allergy and generate higher costs.
The inclusion of seeds in food and food products may be a contributing factor in the increase of seed allergies.
Strategies include source removal, source control, and asthma education.
The patch delivers small amounts of peanut protein in the hope of boosting peanut tolerance for kids and teens.
Regulatory T cells are decreased with farm exposure and increased among those with asthma.
Children younger than 15 may be given 2 HPV vaccine doses instead of 3, and the shots should be spaced at least 6 months apart.
Researchers examine factors that could help clinicians identify patients with the highest risk of fatal anaphylaxis.
Children were assessed for allergic sensitization by two microarray system. As a result, 47% of children had allergic sensitization.
Introducing foods like eggs and peanuts to babies may decrease their chance of developing allergies later in life.
The AAP has released a report to help clinicians address the concerns of parents who are hesitant about their children's vaccination.
A third dose of the MMR vaccine should be administered in cases of a mumps outbreak.
Children who receive the influenza vaccine at the same time as PCV or a DTaP-containing vaccine have an increased risk for febrile seizure.
Natural viral mutations ensure that the seasonal flu vaccine must be updated on a yearly basis.