Allergy & Immunology News Archive

Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine

The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.

Provider-demanded flu testing less likely in elderly patients

Younger adults are more likely to have provider-ordered flu testing than older adults.

Multiple flu vaccinations may prevent death, serious infection

Intensive care and death were greatly prevented in patients who were annually vaccinated.

Flu vaccine safe for individuals with egg allergy

Inactivated and live attenuated flu vaccines can be safely administered to people with egg allergies.

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.

Proposed pneumonia vaccine provides universal pneumococcal disease prevention

A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.

Peanut patch produces significant treatment response in patients with allergies

A 250-μg peanut patch produces a significant treatment response in peanut-allergic patients treated for a year.

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.

Fish consumption may trigger food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome

Fish is an important trigger of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.

CDC committee recommends new shingles vaccine

CDC voted for Shingrix over Zostavax as herpes zoster vaccine of choice

Module created to improve adult vaccination rates

The AMA STEPS Forward module helps health care professionals save time by creating a team-based approach for an adult immunization program.

No evidence that the influenza vaccine causes VTE

In the 1 to 10 days after flu vaccine administration, there was no increased risk for VTE.

Positive mood associated with enhanced responses to influenza vaccination

Greater positive mood significantly predicted greater antibody responses to the influenza vaccination.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

Half of adults with work-related asthma receive pneumococcal vaccination

The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.

CDC releases updated influenza vaccine recommendations for 2017-2018

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released the guidelines for the 2017-2018 season.

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.

Live attenuated influenza vaccine ineffective in children during 2015-2016 season

The live attenuated vaccine was ineffective among children between 2 and 17 years of age during the 2015-2016 season.

Previous maternal influenza vaccine does not weaken newborn benefit

Researchers found that in a cohort of pregnant women, receipt of influenza vaccine the previous year predicts higher baseline antibody titers and decreased peak antibody responses against all influenza strains.

12.9 million infants worldwide not vaccinated in 2016: A WHO report

Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.

CDC urges measles vaccine for European travelers

Most measles cases in the United States are the result of international travel.

Bee stings and allergies: prevention and treatment tips

Symptoms of an allergic reaction to an insect sting may include itching and hives, swelling in the throat or tongue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, stomach cramps, nausea, or diarrhea.

Clinician communication affects parental decision-making with pediatric influenza vaccine

About half of patients accepted influenza vaccination for their child if the clinician used a presumptive vs participatory initiation format.

Injectable antiretroviral therapy for as HIV effective as oral medications

The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.

Hepatitis B vaccine reduces risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents

The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.

Updated meningococcal vaccine guidelines reflect more dosing options

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.

CDC finalizes cholera vaccine recommendation for international travelers

Cholera, an acute, diarrheal illness, is spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with cholera bacteria.

HPV vaccine effective against genital warts in 2 doses

The researchers found that 2 doses of the HPV vaccine were just as protective as 3 doses.

Some EpiPen auto-injectors recalled due to possible defect

Mylan is recalling select lots of EpiPen due to a defect that might render it difficult to activate in an emergency.

2017 Adult immunization schedule released by the CDC

The ACIP has released the 2017 recommended immunization schedule for adults.

One-third of asthma patients may be misdiagnosed

About one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma in the last 5 years may not have a current diagnosis.

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.

Food additives may affect recurrent aphthous stomatitis

Participants underwent patch testing for food in an effort to examine whether food additives play a role in recurrent aphthous stomatitis etiology.

Prenatal fish oil supplementation may reduce asthma risk in children

Supplementation during pregnancy was associated with reduction in risk of persistent wheezing and asthma in offspring.

Higher cured meat intake linked to worsening asthma

Cured meat intake levels also had an indirect effect mediated by body mass index.

FDA bans powdered surgeon's and patient examination gloves

The FDA has issued a final ruling to ban powdered surgeon's gloves, powdered patient examination gloves, and absorbable powder for lubricating a surgeon's glove.

Exposure to mold and dampness may increase risk of asthma and rhinitis

Exposure during infancy was associated with increased risk up to 16 years of age, especially for nonallergic disease.

CDC: Influenza vaccine rate low this season

Forty percent of people have reported receiving the flu vaccine thus far, including 37% of children.

Report outlines strategy to improve food allergy safety in US

The Committee on Food Allergies concluded that the actual prevalence of food allergies is unknown due to misinterpretation of symptoms and lack of simple diagnostic tests.

Early peanut introduction may increase odds of successful oral food challenge

Early introduction increased the probability of a successful oral food challenge.

Primary care providers order more food allergen panels than allergists

Primary care providers also order more tests for uncommon causes of food allergy and generate higher costs.

Edible seeds becoming major food allergens

The inclusion of seeds in food and food products may be a contributing factor in the increase of seed allergies.

Indoor environmental control strategies to manage asthma in children

Strategies include source removal, source control, and asthma education.

Skin patch may help children and teens with peanut allergy

The patch delivers small amounts of peanut protein in the hope of boosting peanut tolerance for kids and teens.

Children with farm exposure have decreased regulatory T cells

Regulatory T cells are decreased with farm exposure and increased among those with asthma.

CDC approves HPV vaccine in 2 doses for preteens

Children younger than 15 may be given 2 HPV vaccine doses instead of 3, and the shots should be spaced at least 6 months apart.

Identifying patients at risk of life-threatening allergic reactions to food

Researchers examine factors that could help clinicians identify patients with the highest risk of fatal anaphylaxis.

Allergic sensitization is common in pediatric asthma

Children were assessed for allergic sensitization by two microarray system. As a result, 47% of children had allergic sensitization.

Introducing allergens at an early age may help prevent food allergies

Introducing foods like eggs and peanuts to babies may decrease their chance of developing allergies later in life.

Addressing parental vaccine concerns: AAP provides guidance for clinicians

The AAP has released a report to help clinicians address the concerns of parents who are hesitant about their children's vaccination.

Mumps outbreak controlled by third dose of MMR vaccine

A third dose of the MMR vaccine should be administered in cases of a mumps outbreak.

Concomitant vaccine administration may increase febrile seizure risk

Children who receive the influenza vaccine at the same time as PCV or a DTaP-containing vaccine have an increased risk for febrile seizure.

Predicting viral mutations may improve flu vaccine efficacy

Natural viral mutations ensure that the seasonal flu vaccine must be updated on a yearly basis.

Children with milk allergy have lower calcium, bone mineral density levels

Children with cow's milk allergy have lower bone mineral density scores that likely result from their reduced calcium intake.

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy reduces mite sensitization in infants

Mothers who take high doses of vitamin D during pregnancy reduce sensitization of their infants to mites at 18 months.

Vaccines administered in the morning may be more effective

Vaccines administered between 9 and 11 AM showed a significant increase in patients' antibody concentration

Vaccine refusal key factor in measles, pertussis risk

Of 970 measles cases studied, 574 were eligible to receive the vaccine but chose not to.

Egg-allergic children tolerate hydrolyzed egg preparation

Hydrolyzed egg preparation increased tolerance to egg in allergic patients.

Increased reports of alpha-gal syndrome in US

The increase in patients has been attributed to an increased understanding of presentation and diagnostic testing of alpha-gal syndrome.

Increased use of Gardasil 9 for HPV prevention would reduce cervical cancer rates, healthcare costs

The new vaccine protects against 9 types of HPV and 5 cancer-causing strains.

ASCO recommendations aim to increase HPV vaccination rates

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released its recommendations to help improve rates of HPV vaccination worldwide.

FDA proposes a ban on powdered medical gloves

The FDA has announced a proposal to ban most powdered gloves in the United States.

Omalizumab effectively treats chronic spontaneous hives

At week 28, omalizumab was superior to the palcebo in treating chronic spontaneous urticaria.

Link found between DNA allergy markers and season of birth

DNA methylation has been associated with season of birth and likelihood of allergy development.

Allergen immunotherapy effective in treating local allergic rhinitis

Significant improvements were found in allergen immunotherapy for local allergic rhinitis.

ACOG recommendations on immunization integration in OB/GYN practices

Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.

Tips for helping patients with allergies prepare for another bad pollen season

This spring may bring another bad pollen season, but clinicians can help their patients cope with allergies by using tips from the ACAAI.

Exposure therapy effective in infants at-risk for peanut allergy

Researchers found that at-risk infants exposed to peanuts developed a long-term tolerance to peanuts, compared to those who avoided peanuts.

Hydrolyzed formula not linked to lower rates of asthma, allergies

Nearly 70 years of data showed no protective effect provided by hydrolyzed formula for infants.

Second dose of varicella vaccine boots vaccine efficacy

A second inoculation administered between 4 and 6 years of age is nearly 100% effective in preventing varicella.

Penicillin allergy and the risk for chronic hives

Prevalence of self-reported penicillin allergy was 3 times greater among those with chronic hives.

CDC reports nearly 60% efficacy for influenza vaccine

The ACIP announced the latest vaccine effectiveness percentages at their February 24th meeting.

HPV prevalence declines since introduction of vaccine in young females

Data collected between 2009 and 2012 show a significant decline in cases of HPV in females aged 14-19 and 20-24.

CDC urges rapid antiviral treatment of very ill and high-risk patients suspected of having influenza

Cases of both influenza A and influenza B have been reported since October 2015.

Tdap vaccine moderately effective for 1 year after vaccination

The Tdap vaccine for adolescents provides moderate protection for 1 year after vaccination, after which efficacy declines.

2016 Recommended adult immunization schedule published by ACIP

The ACIP has released the Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule: United States, 2016, available from the Annals of Internal Medicine and the CDC.

2016 Child and adolescent immunization schedules available

The American Academy of Pediatrics has approved the 2016 immunization schedule for children and adolescents.

Epinephrine use for food
 allergies

Health care providers should increase efforts to show parents of children with food allergies when and how to use an epinephrine auto-injector.

Tips for avoiding allergic 
reactions to nickel

The American Academy of Dermatology has released recommendations on avoiding an allergic reaction to nickel.

Influenza vaccine may reduce all-cause mortality rates in patients with heart failure

Patients with heart failure who receive the influenza vaccine may have a lower risk for all-cause mortality compared with those who do not get the vaccine.

Patients with allergic rhinitis likely to develop asthma, mental health comorbidities

Patients with prevalent allergic rhinitis are 3 times more likely to develop asthma or mental health related comorbidities.

Cardiovascular risk higher with pediatric allergies

Even after adjusting for obesity, researchers discovered that children with allergic diseases may double their risk of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and other related cardiovascular diseases.

FDA approves adjuvant flu vaccine for use in the elderly

The FDA has approved Fluad, a trivalent flu vaccine with the adjuvant MF59, for use in patients aged 65 and older.

Parents make vaccination decisions before pregnancy

According to data presented at the Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition, nearly 75% of parents decide on child vaccination preferences before becoming pregnant.

Multidisciplinary team launches new HIV vaccine initiative

Scientists from 22 institutions are launching a new research initiative with the goal of taking a new HIV vaccine through human trials in the next 5 years.

Male adolescents not receiving HPV vaccine with other inoculations

A variety of factors have led to low rates of teenage boys being vaccinated for the human papillomavirus (HPV), said a report published in Pediatrics.

Early introduction of allergenic foods reduces food allergy risk in infants

The systemic introduction of potentially allergenic food to infants between 4 and 6 months of age decreases the child's risk of developing a food allergy by as much as 80%.

Food allergies caused by cross-reacting allergens

According to a position paper published in "Allergy," food allergy can be caused by immunological reactions to common inhalant allergens.

High number of U.S. children remain unvaccinated against measles

Due to a dip in the number of vaccinated individuals, almost a quarter of children under the age of 3 are currently susceptible to the measles.

Influenza vaccine can prevent pneumonia hospitalizations

The influenza vaccine may be able to prevent approximately 57% of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia.

Egg-free influenza vaccine now available

The makers of the egg-free flu vaccine, Flublok, have announced that it is now available nationwide.

New vaccines help reduce respiratory, diarrhea-related hospitalizations

The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate and rotavirus vaccines has helped to reduce hospitalizations from respiratory infections and diarrhea.

Flu, pneumococcal vaccines recommended by CDC, NFID

Clinicians are advised to lead by example and encourage all patients to get their annual influenza vaccine.

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