Allergy & Immunology News Archive
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Intake may lead to aggravation of symptoms in patients with atopic dermatitis, birch pollen allergy
Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.
Clinicians using communication training and fact sheets to inform adolescents about HPV, significantly increased vaccination initiation and completion rates among their patients.
Increasing awareness of and access to newer HIV testing options such as free or reduced price on home and self-tests and couples HIV testing and counseling can facilitate increased levels of consistent testing among young, Black MSM, and transgender women.
Researchers sought to assess the effect of seasonal dose adjustments on the rate of systemic reactions in pediatric patients receiving standardized allergen subcutaneous immunotherapy.
Researchers assessed the use of dupilumab in adults with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps who did not respond to treatment with intranasal corticosteroids.
The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices updated its immunization recommendations for adults.
The updates contain new or revised ACIP recommendations for poliovirus, influenza, and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, as well as a clarification of the recommendations for rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines.
Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine
The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.
Younger adults are more likely to have provider-ordered flu testing than older adults.
Intensive care and death were greatly prevented in patients who were annually vaccinated.
Inactivated and live attenuated flu vaccines can be safely administered to people with egg allergies.
Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.
A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.
New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
A 250-μg peanut patch produces a significant treatment response in peanut-allergic patients treated for a year.
Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.
Fish is an important trigger of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome.
CDC voted for Shingrix over Zostavax as herpes zoster vaccine of choice
The AMA STEPS Forward module helps health care professionals save time by creating a team-based approach for an adult immunization program.
In the 1 to 10 days after flu vaccine administration, there was no increased risk for VTE.
Greater positive mood significantly predicted greater antibody responses to the influenza vaccination.
With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.
The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released the guidelines for the 2017-2018 season.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
The live attenuated vaccine was ineffective among children between 2 and 17 years of age during the 2015-2016 season.
Researchers found that in a cohort of pregnant women, receipt of influenza vaccine the previous year predicts higher baseline antibody titers and decreased peak antibody responses against all influenza strains.
Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.
Most measles cases in the United States are the result of international travel.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to an insect sting may include itching and hives, swelling in the throat or tongue, difficulty breathing, dizziness, stomach cramps, nausea, or diarrhea.
About half of patients accepted influenza vaccination for their child if the clinician used a presumptive vs participatory initiation format.
The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.
A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices released updated guidelines to include recommendations for the 3-dose formulation of serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
Cholera, an acute, diarrheal illness, is spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with cholera bacteria.
The researchers found that 2 doses of the HPV vaccine were just as protective as 3 doses.
Mylan is recalling select lots of EpiPen due to a defect that might render it difficult to activate in an emergency.
The ACIP has released the 2017 recommended immunization schedule for adults.
About one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma in the last 5 years may not have a current diagnosis.
The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.
Participants underwent patch testing for food in an effort to examine whether food additives play a role in recurrent aphthous stomatitis etiology.
Supplementation during pregnancy was associated with reduction in risk of persistent wheezing and asthma in offspring.
Cured meat intake levels also had an indirect effect mediated by body mass index.
The FDA has issued a final ruling to ban powdered surgeon's gloves, powdered patient examination gloves, and absorbable powder for lubricating a surgeon's glove.
Exposure during infancy was associated with increased risk up to 16 years of age, especially for nonallergic disease.
Forty percent of people have reported receiving the flu vaccine thus far, including 37% of children.
The Committee on Food Allergies concluded that the actual prevalence of food allergies is unknown due to misinterpretation of symptoms and lack of simple diagnostic tests.
Early introduction increased the probability of a successful oral food challenge.
Primary care providers also order more tests for uncommon causes of food allergy and generate higher costs.
The inclusion of seeds in food and food products may be a contributing factor in the increase of seed allergies.
Strategies include source removal, source control, and asthma education.
The patch delivers small amounts of peanut protein in the hope of boosting peanut tolerance for kids and teens.
Regulatory T cells are decreased with farm exposure and increased among those with asthma.
Children younger than 15 may be given 2 HPV vaccine doses instead of 3, and the shots should be spaced at least 6 months apart.
Researchers examine factors that could help clinicians identify patients with the highest risk of fatal anaphylaxis.
Children were assessed for allergic sensitization by two microarray system. As a result, 47% of children had allergic sensitization.
Introducing foods like eggs and peanuts to babies may decrease their chance of developing allergies later in life.
The AAP has released a report to help clinicians address the concerns of parents who are hesitant about their children's vaccination.
A third dose of the MMR vaccine should be administered in cases of a mumps outbreak.
Children who receive the influenza vaccine at the same time as PCV or a DTaP-containing vaccine have an increased risk for febrile seizure.
Natural viral mutations ensure that the seasonal flu vaccine must be updated on a yearly basis.
Children with cow's milk allergy have lower bone mineral density scores that likely result from their reduced calcium intake.
Mothers who take high doses of vitamin D during pregnancy reduce sensitization of their infants to mites at 18 months.
Vaccines administered between 9 and 11 AM showed a significant increase in patients' antibody concentration
Of 970 measles cases studied, 574 were eligible to receive the vaccine but chose not to.
Hydrolyzed egg preparation increased tolerance to egg in allergic patients.
The increase in patients has been attributed to an increased understanding of presentation and diagnostic testing of alpha-gal syndrome.
The new vaccine protects against 9 types of HPV and 5 cancer-causing strains.
The American Society of Clinical Oncology has released its recommendations to help improve rates of HPV vaccination worldwide.
The FDA has announced a proposal to ban most powdered gloves in the United States.
At week 28, omalizumab was superior to the palcebo in treating chronic spontaneous urticaria.
DNA methylation has been associated with season of birth and likelihood of allergy development.
Significant improvements were found in allergen immunotherapy for local allergic rhinitis.
Women's health practitioners should offer vaccinations for a wide range of common, preventable diseases.
This spring may bring another bad pollen season, but clinicians can help their patients cope with allergies by using tips from the ACAAI.
Researchers found that at-risk infants exposed to peanuts developed a long-term tolerance to peanuts, compared to those who avoided peanuts.
Nearly 70 years of data showed no protective effect provided by hydrolyzed formula for infants.
A second inoculation administered between 4 and 6 years of age is nearly 100% effective in preventing varicella.
Prevalence of self-reported penicillin allergy was 3 times greater among those with chronic hives.
The ACIP announced the latest vaccine effectiveness percentages at their February 24th meeting.
Data collected between 2009 and 2012 show a significant decline in cases of HPV in females aged 14-19 and 20-24.
CDC urges rapid antiviral treatment of very ill and high-risk patients suspected of having influenza
Cases of both influenza A and influenza B have been reported since October 2015.
The Tdap vaccine for adolescents provides moderate protection for 1 year after vaccination, after which efficacy declines.
The ACIP has released the Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule: United States, 2016, available from the Annals of Internal Medicine and the CDC.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has approved the 2016 immunization schedule for children and adolescents.
Health care providers should increase efforts to show parents of children with food allergies when and how to use an epinephrine auto-injector.
The American Academy of Dermatology has released recommendations on avoiding an allergic reaction to nickel.
Patients with heart failure who receive the influenza vaccine may have a lower risk for all-cause mortality compared with those who do not get the vaccine.
Patients with prevalent allergic rhinitis are 3 times more likely to develop asthma or mental health related comorbidities.