Asthma

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.

Low Neighborhood Walkability Increases Risk of Asthma in Kids

Low Neighborhood Walkability Increases Risk of Asthma in Kids

Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

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Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.

Assessing LABA, LAMA treatments for persistent asthma control

Assessing LABA, LAMA treatments for persistent asthma control

Single maintenance and reliever therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are linked to better management of asthma in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma.

Increased inhaled glucocorticoids do not prevent asthma exacerbations in children: The STICS trial

In children age 5 to 11 with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma treated with daily inhaled glucocorticoids, quintupling the dose of inhaled glucocorticoids during the initial signs of worsening asthma control did not reduce the rate of severe exacerbations.

Inhaler use in asthma and COPD: Patient characteristics compared

Inhaler use in asthma and COPD: Patient characteristics compared

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Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Prenatal vitamin D may increase pediatric allergic rhinitis risk

Prenatal vitamin D may increase pediatric allergic rhinitis risk

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Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.

Asthma, allergic rhinitis prevalence with long-term opioid use

Asthma, allergic rhinitis prevalence with long-term opioid use

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Patients with opioid dependence or abuse may exhibit a higher prevalence of asthma compared with the general population.

Dupilumab treatment in moderate to severe atopic dermatitis

Dupilumab treatment in moderate to severe atopic dermatitis

Researchers assessed whether the administration of dupilumab improves signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis in patients with or without comorbid asthma.

Race-dependent protective effect of maternal vitamin D on childhood asthma

Race-dependent protective effect of maternal vitamin D on childhood asthma

A cohort from the CANDLE study was assessed to determine if race plays a role in the protective effect of maternal vitamin D levels on childhood asthma.

Sex-based young adult asthma risks associated with acetaminophen use

Sex-based young adult asthma risks associated with acetaminophen use

Data from the Isle of Wight birth cohort study and the Kuwait University Allergy cross-sectional study were used to assess self-reported acetaminophen use and asthma diagnosis.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

FDA removes Boxed Warning from select asthma, COPD medications

FDA removes Boxed Warning from select asthma, COPD medications

New evidence regarding safety is spurring the US FDA to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and COPD.

Half of adults with work-related asthma receive pneumococcal vaccination

Half of adults with work-related asthma receive pneumococcal vaccination

The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.

Asthma associated with later development of inflammatory bowel disease

Asthma associated with later development of inflammatory bowel disease

Asthma was associated with Crohn's disease and with early- and late-onset ulcerative colitis.

Oral corticosteroids not effective for lower respiratory tract infection

Oral corticosteroids not effective for lower respiratory tract infection

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No significant effects were found from oral corticosteroid use for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma.

Eosinophilic COPD vs COPD with asthma: comparing clinical characteristics

Eosinophilic COPD vs COPD with asthma: comparing clinical characteristics

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Distinct differences occur between eosinophilic COPD and COPD patients with asthma.

Asthma attacks can be triggered by thunderstorms

Asthma attacks can be triggered by thunderstorms

A 2016 thunderstorm asthma outbreak in Australia occurred when high grass pollen concentrations were dispersed by strong winds.

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.

Inhaled corticosteroids not tied to pneumonia in children with asthma

Inhaled corticosteroids not tied to pneumonia in children with asthma

Results showed no link between inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pharyngitis, otitis media, or sinusitis.

One-third of asthma patients may be misdiagnosed

One-third of asthma patients may be misdiagnosed

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About one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma in the last 5 years may not have a current diagnosis.

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

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Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.

Prenatal fish oil supplementation may reduce asthma risk in children

Prenatal fish oil supplementation may reduce asthma risk in children

Supplementation during pregnancy was associated with reduction in risk of persistent wheezing and asthma in offspring.

Higher cured meat intake linked to worsening asthma

Higher cured meat intake linked to worsening asthma

Cured meat intake levels also had an indirect effect mediated by body mass index.

Exposure to mold and dampness may increase risk of asthma and rhinitis

Exposure to mold and dampness may increase risk of asthma and rhinitis

Exposure during infancy was associated with increased risk up to 16 years of age, especially for nonallergic disease.

Indoor environmental control strategies to manage asthma in children

Indoor environmental control strategies to manage asthma in children

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Strategies include source removal, source control, and asthma education.

Omalizumab effective for asthma and overlapping COPD

Omalizumab effective for asthma and overlapping COPD

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Omalizumab is useful in the management of severe asthma with overlapping COPD.

Children with farm exposure have decreased regulatory T cells

Children with farm exposure have decreased regulatory T cells

Regulatory T cells are decreased with farm exposure and increased among those with asthma.

Endoscopic sinus surgery may improve asthma quality of life in rhinosinusitis

Endoscopic sinus surgery may improve asthma quality of life in rhinosinusitis

Endoscopic sinus surgery improved asthma quality of life and control in patients with uncontrolled asthma.

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