Foderingham Kamau, Author at Clinical Advisor

Foderingham Kamau

All articles by Foderingham Kamau

Graves' Disease

Preliminary Diagnosis: Graves' Disease I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis Thyroid scan (thyroid scintigraphy) II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of Graves' disease. Advantages Can help differentiate other causes of thyrotoxicosis, such as functional thyroid nodules Can support the diagnosis of Graves’ disease After the thyroid scan…

Achalasia

Preliminary Diagnosis: Achalasia I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Single-contrast barium esophagram II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of achalasia. Advantages Can accurately depict characteristic appearance of achalasia InexpensiveContinue Reading No signficant complications typify this outpatient procedure Can suggest diagnosis of pseudoachalasia Disadvantages Exposure to ionizing radiation…

Cervical Rib Syndrome

Preliminary Diagnosis: Cervical rib syndrome I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Routine PA chest radiograph II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis cervical rib syndrome. Advantages Diagnostic of cervical ribs InexpensiveContinue Reading Disadvantages Does not reliably provide other differential etiologies of thoracic outlet syndrome Uses ionizing radiation Although…

Esophageal Dysmotility

Preliminary Diagnosis: Esophageal Dysmotility I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Single contrast barium esophagram II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing esophageal dysmotility. Advantages Single contrast esophagram can accurately depict characteristic appearance of an esophageal diverticulum. Air distention (which can cause patient discomfort) is not necessary.Continue Reading The…

Esophageal diverticula

Preliminary Diagnosis: Esophageal Diverticula I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? Single contrast barium esophogram. II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosing esophageal diverticula. Advantages Can accurately depict characteristic appearance of an esophageal diverticulum. Air distension is not necessary (which can cause patient discomfort).Continue Reading The examination is relatively…

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