Robert Valley

All articles by Robert Valley

Esophageal atresia/fistula

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) with or without esophageal atresia (EA) and isolated esophageal atresia occur in about 1 in 2,500 to 1/4,000 live births. They represent a group of anomalies that illustrate the common origin of the upper respiratory tract and the foregut. There are five anatomic…

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