Zafar Jamkhana, Author at Clinical Advisor

Zafar Jamkhana

All articles by Zafar Jamkhana

Hyperosmolar coma

I. What every physician needs to know. Hyperosmolar coma is also referred to as hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (HHS) or nonketotic hyperglycemic syndrome. It is characterized by severe hyperglycemia, hyperosmolality, and dehydration in the absence of significant ketoacidosis. Hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are hyperglycemic crises. They are the two most serious complications of diabetes…

Environmental exposures

Environmental Exposures I. Problem/Condition. Exposure to environmental forces that dramatically alter normal human physiology and can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Diagnoses include the following: 1. Hypothermia 2. Hyperthermia 3. Near-Drowning 4. Burns/Radiation Exposure 5. Electrical Injury 6. Stinging insect hypersensitivity 7. Carbon Monoxide 8. Smoke Inhalation 9. Drug overdose and poisoning II. Diagnostic…

Bronchiolitis obliterans

Bronchiolitis obliterans I. What every physician needs to know. Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) refers to non-specific inflammation of the small airways, which causes a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent cough and dyspnea. The nomenclature is confusing as there are multiple clinical and pathologic entities that share the terms ‘bronchiolitis’ and ‘obliterans’. BO is related to bronchiolitis…

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