Cardiovascular Information Center Archive
A review of the 2016 American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology guidelines for management and diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease.
Those with positive AI screen 4 times more likely to develop future ventricular dysfunction.
HeartGuide is designed as a wrist watch that uses the oscillometric cuff method, the standard for medical-grade personal blood pressure measurement.
Exercise can consistently yield reductions in blood pressure.
In patients with hypertension, psoriasis linked to increased risk for cardiovascular procedures, surgeries.
Higher incidence seen for in-hospital mortality, acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury.
Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with liraglutide experience a greater reduction in systolic BP if they have lower baseline continuous glucose monitoring values and higher diastolic BP.
Compared with abstinence from alcohol, increased survival seen with moderate drinking.
The clinical effectiveness of incremental periprocedural antibiotics for patients receiving cardiac implantable electronic devices was examined.
IVUS-guided DES implantation resulted in a lower incidence of target-vessel failure at 12 months for patients undergoing PCI.
Prevalence ratio for any cardiovascular disease was 2.18 for those working with pesticides.
For women with fibromyalgia, comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder may contribute to blunted cardiovascular reactivity to stress.
No subjective memory decline observed in association with cardiac surgery in older adults.
In publishing updated appropriate use criteria, the organizations hope to provide guidance to clinicians who may refer patients for revascularization therapy.
Study Finds Cottonseed Oil Better Than Olive Oil at Improving Cholesterol Profiles, Triglyceride Levels
A diet rich in cottonseed oil was found to improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels in healthy men.
Most common medication error category was omitted medicine or ingredient.
Women with 5 or more live births at increased risk for coronary heart disease, hospitalized MI.
After adjustment for confounders, vaccine linked to lower all-cause, cardiovascular death.
Members of 2 remote Venezuelan tribes were found to have elevated blood pressure following exposure to Western culture.
Second study shows no significant difference in patients' survival based on donor BMI.
Focusing on children for health promotion, strategies for program implementation, and gaps in research may be a successful approach for lifelong cardiovascular health.
Findings of early trials based on epicardial fat pad injections during cardiac surgery.
Data show that myocardial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is related to disease activity and may contribute to increased risk for heart failure.
Prediction independent of traditional risk factors such as MetS, glucose, HbA1c in general population.
Amateur marathoners had highest troponin I and T vs half-marathon and 10-km racers.
Increase especially great among women, who were less likely to receive guideline-based treatment.
A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.
The guidelines were developed by over 100 experts, including hematologists, patient representatives, and other specialists.
The American College of Cardiology published an expert consensus statement regarding decision considerations for novel cardiovascular risk reduction therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
Blood pressure, smoking, type 1 and 2 diabetes linked to higher hazard ratios for women than men.
More people vulnerable to heat exposure, potentially causing heat stress, heart and kidney disease.
Individuals in top quartile of vitamin D levels have significantly higher CRF than those in lowest quartile.
Home discharge rate increased at intervention sites; no increase in return visits, adverse outcomes.
Lower systolic BP found for those living in areas with public smoke-free policies.
Adjustment for subclinical brain disease markers did not reduce link between arterial stiffness, dementia.
Women with ASCVD are at an increased risk for poor patient experience, lower health-related QOL, and inferior perception of their health compared with men.
Approximately 50% of deaths in people with type 2 diabetes worldwide, and approximately two-thirds of deaths in people with type 2 diabetes in the US are caused by cardiovascular disease.
Baseline serum 25(OH)D level was not predictive of long-term incident atrial fibrillation risk.
Significantly faster onset with atorvastatin, rosuvastatin vs simvastatin during monotherapy.
Curcumin Not Beneficial For Reducing Inflammation, Postoperative Complications Following Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
Researchers found that, compared with placebo, perioperative oral curcumin did not affect the inflammatory response and risk of postoperative complications after elective abdominal aortic aneurism repair.
The use of both NSAID and aspirin was positively associated with incident HF in adults with no prior history of CVD.
Greatest shift to cancer as leading cause of death seen in highest-income counties in United States.
Second study shows no significant results for vitamin D supplementation vs placebo.
Updated cholesterol guidelines offer more personalized cardiovascular disease risk assessment.
Treatment of low-risk patients presenting with mild hypertension with antihypertensive medication should be done with caution.
The American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the Heart Rhythm Society have released a guideline on the evaluation and management of patients with bradycardia and cardiac conduction delay.
Patients with both Parkinson disease and type 2 diabetes were more likely to have cardiovascular comorbidities than those with only Parkinson disease.
Among older adults prescribed statins, diabetes, anxiety linked to nonadherence, discontinuation.
Certain weather conditions are associated with an increased risk for myocardial infarction.
Intensive blood pressure control and fenofibrate use in patients with type 2 diabetes who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease may increase the risk for adverse kidney events.
Discord among international, organizational blood pressure guidelines have led to confusion between physicians and patients alike.
Tibia lead levels are associated with resistant-hypertension.
Researchers analyzed how improvements in metabolic syndrome may impact the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in patients with prediabetes.
Higher levels of estradiol were inversely associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness progression in the early postmenopausal cohort but positively associated with it in the late postmenopausal group.
Preeclampsia seems to be associated with an increased risk for dementia, especially vascular dementia, with a stronger correlation for late-onset disease.
Those who do see a cardiologist are more likely to fill anticoagulant prescription and have reduced risk for stroke.
Among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty, aspirin alone may provide protection against postoperative venous thromboembolism that is similar to that of other anticoagulants.
31 scientific publications from the laboratory of Piero Anversa contain falsified and/or fabricated data.
Of TTS survivors, 11.9% readmitted within 30 days, with associated mortality of 3.5%.
The use of β-blockers in the first trimester of pregnancy may not greatly increase the risk for major congenital malformations in offspring.
One in 77 US children reportedly had heart conditions in 2016, with special needs in 60%.
For this analysis, the authors used follow-up data from all 7020 patients included in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial to estimate the effect of empagliflozin on all-cause mortality vs placebo over the duration of a patient's lifetime.
Common carotid artery wall thickness measured using magnetic resonance imaging is more consistently associated with incident cardiovascular disease outcomes than intima-media thickness measured by ultrasound.
Implementing ACC/AHA guideline would direct antihypertensive meds to adults at high CVD risk.
Children with congenital heart disease presenting to ED at increased risk for morbidity, mortality.
Lixisenatide reduces progression of urinary albumin-creatinine ratio in patients with macroalbuminuria.
Probands of African or Hispanic/Latino descent with early-onset atrial fibrillation are more likely than European Americans to have a first-degree relative with AF.
Approximately 28% of stroke patients have diabetes, and the presence of diabetes can increase the risk for poor stroke outcome.
For both men and women, Southern dietary pattern is largest mediating factor for difference in hypertension.
For certain patients with endocarditis on the left side of the heart under stable condition, switching from intravenous (IV) antibiotics to orally administered antibiotics is noninferior to staying on IV treatment.
At 6 months, rates for provoked, unprovoked, cancer-related VTE are 6.8, 6.92, 9.06 per 100 person-years.
New classification system intended to capture complexity of anatomy and physiology of ACHD.
Aim should be to prevent CVD with environment where healthy foods are accessible, desirable.
Increased weight loss vs placebo with no rise in rate of extended major cardiovascular events.
Kidneys of neonates with left heart obstruction consistently found to be larger than normal.
South Asians exhibit the highest rates of ASCVD among all ethnic groups, and the highest prevalence is in younger age groups; up to 25% of myocardial infarctions in India occur in individuals younger than 40 years of age.
Mendelian randomization analysis provides evidence that increased height causally tied to varicose veins.
Including Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in CVD Risk Score Does Not Improve CVD Risk Prediction
Adding history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy to the current cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk score does not improve CVD prediction in low-risk women.
Incidence of major bleeding low with rivaroxaban, but clot risk not lower.
Intensive blood pressure therapy is associated with a significantly lower risk for serious cardiovascular events in the adults with diabetes.
The use of aspirin in healthy elderly patients as a preventative strategy was associated with no prolongation of long-term disability-free survival compared with placebo.
PN linked to chronic kidney disease, hepatitis C, congestive heart failure, HIV, psychiatric comorbidities.
Ruling out prescription non-compliance, white coat syndrome, and interfering medications necessary.
Findings show improved outcomes may be due to better medication adherence.
Prevalence has increased in US; statement aims to increase recognition, improve care.
The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
The authors searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials (December 1, 2008 to November 24, 2017) involving 3 pharmacologic classes of antidiabetic medications to compare the effects of these agents on the risk of hospitalization for HF in T2DM patients.
For expectant mothers with chronic hypertension, labor induction after 38 weeks of gestation may prevent hypertensive complications without increasing the risk of cesarean delivery.
A guideline-based approach directing pharmacological treatment to adults more likely to have CVD events may maximize absolute risk reduction of treatment.
Excess risk differed by up to 5 times across different diagnosis age groups.
The substantial burden of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes has led to the exploration of various cardiovascular disease prevention strategies, including the use of aspirin.
Patients with atrial fibrillation who have ≥1 non-sex CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk factor should receive oral anticoagulation as antithrombotic therapy.
And, 30-day functional outcomes similar with supraglottic airway device or tracheal intubation.
Findings may have implications for future cholesterol treatment paradigms.
Black survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest have lower survival at 1, 3, 5 years vs whites.
The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association developed updated guidelines on the evaluation, management, and monitoring of adults with congenital heart disease.
Proportion achieving target BP increased with use of triple combo pill vs usual care at 6 months.
Physicians weigh in on the need to develop a screening strategy.
Benefit seen for adoption of healthy lifestyle even after T2DM diagnosis made.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.