Cardiovascular Disease

Risk of CV Events Down With Mediterranean Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Risk of CV Events Down With Mediterranean Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.

NSAID Use May Increase CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

NSAID Use May Increase CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use mediated a substantial amount of cardiovascular disease risk in osteoarthritis.

Sex Hormone Levels May Affect Postmenopausal Heart Disease Risk

Sex Hormone Levels May Affect Postmenopausal Heart Disease Risk

Researchers assessed the effect of testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels on coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.

Peri-Op RBC Transfusions Linked to Postoperative VTE

Peri-Op RBC Transfusions Linked to Postoperative VTE

Perioperative red blood cell transfusion linked to increased adjusted odds of VTE, DVT, PE

African American Adults Less Likely to Be Treated With Statins

African American Adults Less Likely to Be Treated With Statins

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Racial differences persist in statin use among adults, specifically African American adults, who are less likely to be treated with any statin or guideline-recommended statin intensity compared with white adults.

 USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

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The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

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Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.

Male Thyroid Cancer Survivors Face Higher CVD Risk

Male Thyroid Cancer Survivors Face Higher CVD Risk

Age at diagnosis, sex, BMI, and thyroid-stimulating hormone suppression therapy affect CVD risk

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CV Disease Risk

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CV Disease Risk

Risk of cardiovascular outcomes was greatest for those with the most active atopic eczema.

Increase in Treating Candidates With 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

Increase in Treating Candidates With 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

Increase in proportion of adults recommended for treatment; estimated decrease in CVD events, deaths.

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the US

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the US

Most of the increased risk can be attributed to increased prevalence of known risk factors.

Hand Grip Strength Associated With All-Cause Mortality, Other Adverse Outcomes

Hand Grip Strength Associated With All-Cause Mortality, Other Adverse Outcomes

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Grip strength is strongly and inversely associated with all-cause mortality and incidence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, COPD, all cancer, and subtypes of cancer, with associations being modestly stronger in the younger age groups.

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Acute Kidney Injury in Hospital Ups Risk of Later Heart Failure

Findings based on one-year follow-up after a hospitalization complicated by acute kidney injury

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

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Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

Smartphone App May Boost Medication Adherence in Hypertension

But use of the app not linked to a change in systolic blood pressure in poorly controlled hypertension

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

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Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Women Less Likely to Fill Post-MI Statin Prescription

Fifty-six percent of men, 47% of women filled high-intensity statin after myocardial infarction

Deep Vein Thrombosis: History and Evolution of Treatment

Deep Vein Thrombosis: History and Evolution of Treatment

Deep vein thrombosis is a significant source of morbidity and mortality, so it is imperative that clinicians understand how to recognize and treat patients with the disorder.

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

There is an inverse association between coffee consumption and coronary artery calcium, especially among never smokers.

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

Stat consult: Sudden cardiac death

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Described as death within an hour of onset of any symptom

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aortic valve replacement linked to increased mortality in elderly

Aside from age, other high mortality factors included left ventricular dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, COPD, and diabetes.

Intensive blood pressure control not linked to changes in cerebral perfusion in patients with cerebral small vessel disease

In patients with severe cerebral small vessel disease, a strategy of intensive blood pressure control did not significantly alter whole brain blood flow when compared to standard blood pressure control.

Cholesterol drug may lower risk for death and cardiovascular events

Cholesterol drug may lower risk for death and cardiovascular events

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Alirocumab significantly decreased severe cardiovascular risks in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

Oral fluoroquinolone use is linked to increased aortic aneurysm, dissection risks

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Aortic aneurysm risks are significantly elevated in patients taking fluoroquinolone.

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

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Medicare patients with ED visits pertaining to imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, stroke, acute myocardial infarctions, or other cardiovascular relating events are very likely to be diagnosed prior to hospital discharge.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

ACC: Changes in temperature linked to STEMI

ACC: Changes in temperature linked to STEMI

Large changes in temperature are associated with increased risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Case Study: Syncope, Dizziness, and Fatigue on a Camping Trip

Case Study: Syncope, Dizziness, and Fatigue on a Camping Trip

A 52-year-old man presents to the emergency department with dizziness and fatigue after a syncopal episode on a camping trip.

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history affects mortality risk independent of CV risk

Cancer history has an important impact on mortality independent of cardiovascular risk factors.

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