Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Serologically assessed collagen remodeling plays a key role in the severity of COPD, as determined by airflow limitation and dyspnea, as well as in disease outcomes.

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

The use of formal palliative care services among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increased by 1% per year, going from 5.3% in 2004 to 14.3% in 2014.

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Inhaler use in asthma and COPD: Patient characteristics compared

Inhaler use in asthma and COPD: Patient characteristics compared

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Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

New long-acting bronchodilator use linked to CV risk in COPD patients

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Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.

Case Study: Shortness of breath in a COPD patient with obesity

Case Study: Shortness of breath in a COPD patient with obesity

A middle-aged patient with morbid obesesity and COPD complains about having shortness of breath at rest and dyspnea on exertion.

Once-daily single-inhaler triple therapy better for lung function in COPD

Once-daily single-inhaler triple therapy better for lung function in COPD

Results support the benefits of single-inhaler triple therapy compared with inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist therapy in patients with advanced COPD.

Tips for avoiding pneumonia in patients with COPD

Tips for avoiding pneumonia in patients with COPD

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The COPD Foundation has released tips for patients with COPD to avoid pneumonia and exacerbations.

Occupational pesticide exposure linked to fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis

Occupational pesticide exposure linked to fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis

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Results show that exposure to pesticides and herbicides is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis.

Treating acute COPD exacerbations with prednisone and doxycycline

Treating acute COPD exacerbations with prednisone and doxycycline

Researchers found that doxycycline plus prednisone did not prolong the time between exacerbations in patients with COPD.

Chest CT provides additional insight in COPD assessment

Chest CT provides additional insight in COPD assessment

A chest CT can provide additional information on comorbidities, including coronary artery disease and osteoporosis.

Social support boosts rehabilitation in adult COPD patients

Social support boosts rehabilitation in adult COPD patients

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Patients are more likely to exercise and participate in pulmonary rehabilitation if they live with others and have a caregiver.

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk may decrease with LABA/LAMA in COPD

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk may decrease with LABA/LAMA in COPD

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LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.

Opioid use increases risk of cardiac events in older COPD patients

Opioid use increases risk of cardiac events in older COPD patients

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Users of opioid-only agents had significantly increased rates of emergency room visits and hospitalizations for ischemic heart disease and IHD-related mortality.

Beta-blocker therapy may reduce exacerbations in moderate-to-severe COPD

Beta-blocker therapy may reduce exacerbations in moderate-to-severe COPD

Cardiac geometry demonstrated by non-contrast computerized tomography scan can predict which patients will respond to β-blocker therapy with a reduction in exacerbation frequency.

Home noninvasive ventilation with oxygen therapy effective for COPD and hypercapnia

Home noninvasive ventilation with oxygen therapy effective for COPD and hypercapnia

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Adding home noninvasive ventilation to home oxygen therapy was effective in patients with persistent hypercapnia following an acute exacerbation of COPD.

NIH creates COPD National Action Plan

NIH creates COPD National Action Plan

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The national action plan released by the NHLBI aims to reduce the burden of COPD through collaboration with federal agencies, patients, advocates, and researchers.

Extrafine triple therapy may reduce rate of COPD exacerbations

Extrafine triple therapy may reduce rate of COPD exacerbations

The TRINITY study found that triple therapy significantly reduced the rate of COPD exacerbations.

Mortality decreasing for patients hospitalized with COPD in the US

Mortality decreasing for patients hospitalized with COPD in the US

The annual number of patients who died from COPD while in the hospital decreased 62% from 2005 to 2014.

Eosinophilic COPD vs COPD with asthma: comparing clinical characteristics

Eosinophilic COPD vs COPD with asthma: comparing clinical characteristics

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Distinct differences occur between eosinophilic COPD and COPD patients with asthma.

Pulmonary hyperinflation linked to larger pulmonary artery in COPD

Pulmonary hyperinflation linked to larger pulmonary artery in COPD

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Increased residual volume is associated with a larger pulmonary artery in patients with COPD.

Inhaled corticosteroid use linked to increased pneumonia risk in asthma patients

Inhaled corticosteroid use linked to increased pneumonia risk in asthma patients

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The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.

Managing elderly patients with COPD through empowerment

Managing elderly patients with COPD through empowerment

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Use of the empowerment approach is necessary for health promotion in older patients with COPD, but little attention has been paid to the dimensions of empowerment in COPD management.

Utibron Neohaler available for long-term treatment of COPD

Utibron Neohaler available for long-term treatment of COPD

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Utibron Neohaler inhalation powder is indicated for the long-term maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD.

Managing COPD exacerbations: A new clinical guideline

Managing COPD exacerbations: A new clinical guideline

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The European Respiratory Society and the American Thoracic Society have released a guideline for the treatment of patients with COPD exacerbations.

Statins may reduce pulmonary artery pressure in COPD patients

Statins may reduce pulmonary artery pressure in COPD patients

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A daily dose of atorvastatin could reduce pulmonary artery pressure among patients with COPD.

Early use of noninvasive techniques for clearing respiratory secretions in COPD

Early use of noninvasive techniques for clearing respiratory secretions in COPD

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A novel technique involving NPPV reduced the risks of nosocomial infection, requirement for intubation, and hospital mortality in patients with COPD.

ICU may be overused for some patients with heart or lung disease

ICU may be overused for some patients with heart or lung disease

Researchers also observed no difference in 30-day mortality rates between patients in the ICU and those who received regular inpatient care in another hospital unit.

Global tobacco control treaty reduced worldwide smoking rates

Global tobacco control treaty reduced worldwide smoking rates

Countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.

Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of COPD in smokers

Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of COPD in smokers

A strong inverse association between total fruit and vegetable consumption and COPD was observed in smokers but not in never-smokers.

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