Diet & Nutrition

Nutrition Tips for Physicians: Staying Healthy During Busy Days

Nutrition Tips for Physicians: Staying Healthy During Busy Days

Between the double shifts and stressful days, keeping energy up and eating right can seem like an insurmountable challenge.

Vegan Diet Associated With Weight Loss and Reduced Insulin Resistance

Vegan Diet Associated With Weight Loss and Reduced Insulin Resistance

Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.

Modest Alcohol Consumption May Reduce Mortality in NAFLD

Modest Alcohol Consumption May Reduce Mortality in NAFLD

But drinking 1.5 drinks/day linked to increased mortality after adjustment for multiple confounders.

Microscopic Colitis Risk Not Linked to Dietary Gluten in Women Without Celiac Disease

Microscopic Colitis Risk Not Linked to Dietary Gluten in Women Without Celiac Disease

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The consumption of dietary gluten was not associated with microscopic colitis risk in patients without celiac disease.

Change in Dietary Patterns Over 5 Years in Early Multiple Sclerosis

Change in Dietary Patterns Over 5 Years in Early Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers analyze the dietary habits of 260 patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis from baseline to 5 years after initial onset of symptoms.

More Than One-Third of Adults Eat Fast Food Daily

More Than One-Third of Adults Eat Fast Food Daily

Overall, 36.6% of US adults consumed fast food on a given day during 2013 to 2016.

Diet Less Important Than Genes for High Serum Urate Levels

Diet Less Important Than Genes for High Serum Urate Levels

Diet explains little of the variation in serum urate levels in the general population, while genetic factors make a greater contribution.

Childhood Obesity Persists Into Adolescence

Childhood Obesity Persists Into Adolescence

Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.

FDA Amends Food Additive Regulations to No Longer Allow Use of 7 Substances

FDA Amends Food Additive Regulations to No Longer Allow Use of 7 Substances

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The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Linked to Lower Risk for AMD

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Linked to Lower Risk for AMD

Adults with high vs low MeDi score have lower risk for advanced age-related macular degeneration.

Research-Backed Reasons to Recommend Omega-3s

Research has demonstrated omega-3s to be beneficial for heart, brain, and eye health, with prenatal benefits also seen.

Ketogenic Diet May Benefit Ovarian, Endometrial Cancer Patients

Ketogenic Diet May Benefit Ovarian, Endometrial Cancer Patients

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Women with ovarian or endometrial cancer who adhere to a ketogenic diet may benefit from a selective loss of fat mass and a reduction in fasting serum insulin, while still retaining lean mass.

Soft Drinks Account for 20% of Youth Beverage Consumption

Soft Drinks Account for 20% of Youth Beverage Consumption

Despite dietary recommendations, soft drinks make up about one-fifth of total beverage consumption by US youth.

Southern Dietary Pattern Mediates Racial Difference in Hypertension

Southern Dietary Pattern Mediates Racial Difference in Hypertension

For both men and women, Southern dietary pattern is largest mediating factor for difference in hypertension.

Optimizing Pregnancy Outcomes With Micronutrients

Optimizing Pregnancy Outcomes With Micronutrients

As healthy levels of folic acid, iodine, magnesium, vitamin D, and iron demonstrate improved outcomes in pregnancy, understanding of the function of these essential nutrients on health would benefit family practitioners caring for women of childbearing age.

Policies Should Encourage Healthy Food Consumption

Policies Should Encourage Healthy Food Consumption

Aim should be to prevent CVD with environment where healthy foods are accessible, desirable.

PUFAs Inversely Associated With Asthma in Preschool Children

PUFAs Inversely Associated With Asthma in Preschool Children

Total omega-3 and omega-6 plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids relative abundances were significantly inversely correlated with asthma/recurrent wheeze and allergic sensitization.

Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Pre-Eclampsia Prevention in High-Risk Patients

Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Pre-Eclampsia Prevention in High-Risk Patients

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High-dose folic acid supplementation beyond the first trimester does not prevent pre-eclampsia in high-risk women.

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

No Evidence for Milk Increasing Mucus Production From Lungs

Patients perceive swallowing difficulty from thickness of saliva, but no real increase in mucus.

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children.

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Lower Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Lower Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Association only significant among men and only in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis.

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

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The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

High, Low Carbohydrate Diets Linked to Increased Mortality

Increase in mortality when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fat or protein.

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

Low-Energy Diet Induces Different Effects in Men, Women

Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate.

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Review Addresses Nutritional Hype for Popular Foods

Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Substantial improvements to food additives regulatory system are needed.

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

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Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of <i>Clostridium difficile</i>

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

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Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

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