Diet & Nutrition Information Center Archive
Study Finds Cottonseed Oil Better Than Olive Oil at Improving Cholesterol Profiles, Triglyceride Levels
A diet rich in cottonseed oil was found to improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels in healthy men.
Spices, herbal remedies, and ceremonial powders may contain lead and contribute to elevated blood lead levels among exposed children.
Women born during the Chinese famine period may be at increased risk for early natural menopause and premature ovarian failure.
A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.
A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes was found to be associated with a lower risk for physical, mental, and genitourinary symptoms of menopause compared with a diet high in fats, meats, desserts, and salts.
A 12-month interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention program for prediabetic and obese patients was found to significantly reduce the risk for development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans provides recommendations for physical activity that have the potential to reduce the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and several cancers.
Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Henry Ford Health System analyzed patient data from African-American women aged 23 to 35 years (N=1553) who were participating in the NIEHS Study of Environment, Lifestyle, and Fibroids (SELF).
Investigators examine the association between depression and metabolic syndrome, factoring in diet and physical activity.
Access to ready-to-eat outlets that sell food for instant consumption is associated with greater risk for type 2 diabetes.
Viaskin Peanut, an epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT), delivers small amounts of peanut protein through a wearable patch to induce desensitization.
To investigate the link between organic food consumption and cancer risk, study authors conducted a population-based prospective cohort study among French adults.
Between the double shifts and stressful days, keeping energy up and eating right can seem like an insurmountable challenge.
The effect of high-intensity interval training with a bout of moderate-intensity continuous training on glucose levels was examined in T1D.
Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.
The consumption of dietary gluten was not associated with microscopic colitis risk in patients without celiac disease.
Researchers analyze the dietary habits of 260 patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis from baseline to 5 years after initial onset of symptoms.
The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.
Women with ovarian or endometrial cancer who adhere to a ketogenic diet may benefit from a selective loss of fat mass and a reduction in fasting serum insulin, while still retaining lean mass.
Total omega-3 and omega-6 plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids relative abundances were significantly inversely correlated with asthma/recurrent wheeze and allergic sensitization.
High-dose folic acid supplementation beyond the first trimester does not prevent pre-eclampsia in high-risk women.
Researchers concluded that physical activity was not associated with risk for early menopause.
The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.
Wellness travel comes in many forms: from coastal bike rides to weeklong workout programs with celebrity trainers.
Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders
Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.
Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.
Moderate consumption of alcohol is associated with increased radiological progression in women with early RA.
Equol-containing nutraceuticals may be beneficial for postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms.
The American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM) annual survey reveals people are going back to basics to get fit in 2018.
Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.
Trained water consumption increase does not significantly reduce the decline of kidney function in individuals with chronic kidney disease.
Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.
Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
A combination of self-care education, aerobic and strength-training exercise, and spinal manipulation therapy may provide greater pain relief and improved treatment satisfaction compared with exercise only in adolescents with low back pain.
The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.
Tai chi interventions may be more effective at treating fibromyalgia than aerobic exercise.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
A higher concentration of plasma vitamin D is correlated with a decreased risk of total cancer.
Is there a significant difference between low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets on weight loss?
Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.
The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.
The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Caffeine and its 3 downstream metabolites may be helpful as a biomarker for Parkinson disease.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.
Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.
Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.
The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.
Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.
Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.
The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.
Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.
CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.
A correlation was found between undertaking regular leisure-time exercise and reduced incidence of future depression but not anxiety.
The 12-year results show that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offered long-term durability of weight loss and was associated with fewer obesity-related coexisting conditions compared with those who did not have the surgery.
No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.
A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Research reveals an adverse effect of sugar intake from sweet foods and beverages on long-term psychological health.
The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.
The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.
Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality for men and women, specifically in African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites.
The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.
Although research has emphasized the possible benefits of vitamin D, high dosages pose potential risks.
The DASH diet could offer a dietary strategy that may help prevent gout and its comorbidities in high-risk patients with hyperuricemia.
Drinking the equivalent of a small glass of wine or beer a day increases pre-menopausal breast cancer risk by 5% and post-menopausal breast cancer risk by 9%.
Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.
Suboptimal intake of 10 specific dietary factors is associated with a substantial proportion of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes.
Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.
For adults, the recommended serving size of fish is 4 ounces, while servings for children should be smaller based on their age and calorie intake.
Individuals who perform their physical activity in 1 or 2 sessions during the week can still reduce their risk of mortality.
A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.
Women who participated in an aerobic exercise program 3 to 4 times per week during their pregnancies were not likely to give birth prematurely.
Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.
Consuming dietary fiber from bread, cereal, and fruit may increase the likelihood of successful aging over 10 years.
Fruit intake in adolescence may be associated with decreased breast cancer rates in adulthood.
Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.
Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.
High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.
High body weight percentage may increase mortality, and poor physical fitness in youth can increase diabetes risk later in life.
HHS and USDA have released the latest edition of dietary guidelines for Americans that focus on healthy eating patterns and preventing chronic diseases.
As the pumpkin takes center stage this holiday season, read about the many benefits that the super fruit can provide year round.
Compared with other dietary interventions, low-fat diets are not more effective for long-term weight loss.
A report from WHO found that processed meat causes colorectal cancer, and red meat is positively associated with several cancers.
A Southern diet included added fats, fried food, and processed meats raises the risk for acute coronary heart disease.
Compared with saturated fats, consuming trans fats results in high mortality rates from all causes and from heart disease.
Older adults who exercise, drink moderately, don't smoke, and have a healthy weight have a lower risk of heart failure.
During exercise, people should drink when they are thirsty to prevent hyponatremia.
Mediterranean diet is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults with high cardiovascular risk.
Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help fight against cognitive decline in older adults.
Exercising regularly during pregnancy may be associated with lower birth weight.
Educating parents on the importance of healthy diet, and how to read nutrition labels, can help reduce the high intake of added sugars in kids' diets.
Evidence-based interventions needed to create wellness cultures and encourage healthy behavior change in NPs.
A significantly greater weight decrease was observed in patients assigned to receive vitamin D compared with patients who had no supplementation.
About 100 milligrams of caffeine was associated with a one-third reduction of advanced liver scarring.
Forced exercise was particularly effective in improving motor function and quality of life.