Diet & Nutrition Information Center Archive
Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
A combination of self-care education, aerobic and strength-training exercise, and spinal manipulation therapy may provide greater pain relief and improved treatment satisfaction compared with exercise only in adolescents with low back pain.
The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.
Tai chi interventions may be more effective at treating fibromyalgia than aerobic exercise.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
A higher concentration of plasma vitamin D is correlated with a decreased risk of total cancer.
Is there a significant difference between low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets on weight loss?
Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.
The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.
The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Caffeine and its 3 downstream metabolites may be helpful as a biomarker for Parkinson disease.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.
Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.
Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.
The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.
Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.
Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.
The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.
Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.
CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.
The 12-year results show that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offered long-term durability of weight loss and was associated with fewer obesity-related coexisting conditions compared with those who did not have the surgery.
No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.
A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Research reveals an adverse effect of sugar intake from sweet foods and beverages on long-term psychological health.
The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.
The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.
Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality for men and women, specifically in African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites.
The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.
Although research has emphasized the possible benefits of vitamin D, high dosages pose potential risks.
The DASH diet could offer a dietary strategy that may help prevent gout and its comorbidities in high-risk patients with hyperuricemia.
Drinking the equivalent of a small glass of wine or beer a day increases pre-menopausal breast cancer risk by 5% and post-menopausal breast cancer risk by 9%.
Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.
Suboptimal intake of 10 specific dietary factors is associated with a substantial proportion of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes.
Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.
For adults, the recommended serving size of fish is 4 ounces, while servings for children should be smaller based on their age and calorie intake.
A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.
Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.
Consuming dietary fiber from bread, cereal, and fruit may increase the likelihood of successful aging over 10 years.
Fruit intake in adolescence may be associated with decreased breast cancer rates in adulthood.
Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.
Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.
High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.
HHS and USDA have released the latest edition of dietary guidelines for Americans that focus on healthy eating patterns and preventing chronic diseases.
As the pumpkin takes center stage this holiday season, read about the many benefits that the super fruit can provide year round.
Compared with other dietary interventions, low-fat diets are not more effective for long-term weight loss.
A report from WHO found that processed meat causes colorectal cancer, and red meat is positively associated with several cancers.
A Southern diet included added fats, fried food, and processed meats raises the risk for acute coronary heart disease.
Compared with saturated fats, consuming trans fats results in high mortality rates from all causes and from heart disease.
Mediterranean diet is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults with high cardiovascular risk.
Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help fight against cognitive decline in older adults.
Educating parents on the importance of healthy diet, and how to read nutrition labels, can help reduce the high intake of added sugars in kids' diets.
Evidence-based interventions needed to create wellness cultures and encourage healthy behavior change in NPs.
A significantly greater weight decrease was observed in patients assigned to receive vitamin D compared with patients who had no supplementation.
About 100 milligrams of caffeine was associated with a one-third reduction of advanced liver scarring.
A collaboration is encouraging psychiatry and public health to recognize the relationships between diet and mental health.
In overweight adults, a low-glycemic diet did not improve insulin sensitivity, lipid levels, or blood pressure.
Spending a long time during the day sitting increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and death.
Overweight and obese psoriasis patients should to lose weight and increase physical activity as a way to improve psoriasis symptoms.
Multivitamins did not decrease the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in women.
Nearly 25% of children aged 12 to 19 years who reported consuming caffeine exceeded an intake of 2.5 mg/kg.
When compared with processed milk, raw milk consumption was inversely associated with occurrence of rhinitis, respiratory tract infections, otitis, and fever.
Overall cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio differed as much as 18% in participants who ate a diet with unsaturated fats versus saturated fats.
Children whose families participated in family meal time were less likely to be overweight or obese.
Females who reported moderate alcohol intake, not smoking, physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a nutritional diet were 54% less likely to have a stroke.
Breastfeeding, waiting to introduce foods with gluten doesn't prevent autoimmune disorder
Initial myocardial infarctions could be prevented in four out of five male patients with a proper combination of healthy lifestyle choices.
Discounting the price of low-calorie foods such as fruits and vegetables increased the likelihood of purchasing more healthful options in low-income families.
Incidence of type 2 diabetes was lower in patients who reported higher intakes of high-fat dairy compared with patients who reported lower intake.
The association between ischemic stroke risk and potassium intake was strongest in nonhypertensive senior female patients.
An excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda is the most effective way to racial disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity.
The USPSTF recommends primary-care providers refer or offer behavioral counseling for obese patients at risk of cardiovascular disease.
Sixty percent of older patients presenting to emergency department are malnourished or at risk.
Three studies provide further evidence for complex link between sodium intake, cardiac health.
Patients who reported losing more than 5% of their body weight also reported depressed moods more often.
Patients reported feeling 31% more full after eating one serving of dietary pulses.
In young women, dieting at a younger age predicts obesity, extreme weight control measures, and alcohol misuse.
Sodium reduction has been encouraged in guidelines for diabetes care in many countries.
Steady weight-loss over two years was a stronger predictor of reducing diabetes risk, compared with six months of weight-loss.
A new study suggests organically grown produce and grains contain less cadmium and more antioxidants.
Hot flash reduction was reported as a motivator for weight loss.
Low alcohol intake, healthy diet, low and physical activity decreased coronary artery calcification after 20 years.
Patients who survived early malnutrition are reported to have weakened cardiovascular structure and function.
A program incentivizing farmers' market purchases increased purchases made from those on food assistance.
The main reasons given for using dietary supplements were "for overall health and wellness" and "to fill nutrient gaps in the diet."
Higher weight loss and improvements in insulin secretion were found in patients assigned liraglutide with exercise and diet.
Offering specific recommendations may be more beneficial to patients than food plate/pyramid nutritional guidelines.
More than 90% of American adults and children fall short of the daily recommendations for fiber intake.
Compared with eating the same amount of calories spread across 6 meals, research suggests that eating 2 bigger meals decreased weight and hepatic fat content.
Lack of exercise leads ahead of smoking, high BMI and hypertension as the biggest preventable risk in heart disease for female patients over age 30 years.
Consuming fruits and vegetables high in potassium, fiber, folate and antioxidants can lessen a patient's risk of stroke.
USPSTF has released a draft recommendation considering the benefits of intensive behavioral counseling to prevent CVD in high-risk patients.
Patients with higher stress levels reported to be more susceptible to the metabolic risks associated with high-sugar and high-fat diet.
New recommendations to prevent future stroke in patients with TIA and stroke include treating hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and modifying lifestyle habits.
New research suggests that those who drink an additional cup of coffee a day are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Incidences of type 2 diabetes increased in obese women with high total and animal protein intake.