Endocrinology News Archive

Diabetes Prevalence by Type in the United States: CDC report

The CDC conducted a study to estimate the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults in 2016 by primary type.

FDA Approves AI Device to Detect Diabetic Retinopathy

Artificial intelligence software that can detect diabetic retinopathy has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Benefits seen in markers of cardiometabolic disease, including insulin sensitivity

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.

Fatigue, muscle aches more common in women with HIV than men

The two most prevalent HIV symptoms, fatigue and muscle aches, are more common in women than men and can worsen with menopause.

BMI associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus

BMI is positively correlated with increased hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic HBV, though the risk is greater in women.

Early Care Transitions Beneficial for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

A diabetes transition registry may help adolescents with type 1 diabetes plan and prepare for independent adult care.

Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity

For adolescents with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity, surgical therapy facilitates glycemic control and weight reduction better than medical therapy.

New type 2 diabetes guideline recommends more moderate HbA1c target

The American College of Physicians has developed recommendation statements to guide clinicians in selecting targets for pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

Bacterial vaginosis may alter links between contraception, HIV acquisition

Bacterial vaginosis may cause an increased risk for HIV acquisition in women taking oral or injectable hormonal contraception.

HbA1C levels linked to cognitive decline in diabetes

HbA1C, diabetes status, and cognitive decline during a span of 10 years were compared using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes modified for cardiovascular disease

The ADA's updates include a modified patient-focused care algorithm as well as improved risk management for CVD.

Weight loss in obese individuals associated with reduced chronic pain

Weight loss in obese individuals may lead to reduced pain, affect, and somatic symptoms associated with chronic pain.

Pediatric obesity rate may decrease with special nutrition programs

Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.

Prostate cancer recurrence linked to metabolic syndrome, obesity

A positive correlation between increased BMI and risk of prostate cancer recurrence was observed in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy.

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.

Gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese patients

There is no statistically significant difference in weight loss at 5 years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients.

FDA approves shock wave device to treat diabetic foot ulcers

The FDA has approved the Dermapace System for treatment of chronic, full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers.

Mediterranean, DASH diets ranked first in Best Diets Rankings

More than 40 diet plans across 9 categories have been ranked to help those dieting achieve healthier lifestyles in U.S News & World Report.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

Vitamin D, calcium supplements do not reduce fracture risk in older adults

Findings do not support routine vitamin D and calcium supplementation in community-dwelling older adults for lowering the incidence of osteoporosis-related fractures.

FDA approves new "follow-on" insulin for diabetes

The new FDA approved short-acting insulin drug can be used to treat T1 and T2 diabetes.

BMI may not indicate obesity in postmenopausal women

Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Cocoa, dark chocolate, and raw almonds may help improve lipid profiles in overweight individuals.

Adult obesity possible for about 50% of today's children

Adult obesity by age of 35 is likely in about 57% of today's children.

Menopausal hormone therapy for chronic conditions: USPSTF's final recommendation

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.

FDA approves weekly diabetes drug that may also be beneficial for weight loss

The FDA has approved semaglutide injection as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Oral insulin does not prevent type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients

Oral insulin usage does not prevent the development of type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients.

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

USPSTF recommends osteoporosis screening, testing in women aged 65 and older

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on osteoporosis screening and testing in women and men.

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

Incidence rates of overweight- and obesity-related cancers have increased in the United States.

Underweight women have high risk of early menopause

Early menopause risk is highest in weight-cycling and severely underweight women.

Commercial weight loss program may help prevent diabetes in obese patients

Primary care referral to Weight Watchers meetings is associated with weight loss, HbA1c reduction.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

Statins associated with increased risk of diabetes in high-risk individuals

Statins are associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, especially for high-risk individuals.

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.

Diminished ovarian reserve not associated with infertility

Among women who are attempting to conceive naturally, diminished ovarian reserve is not associated with infertility.

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy is linked to lower risks of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis and better glycemic control than insulin injection therapy.

FDA approves glucose monitoring system to eliminate fingerstick testing

The system uses a small sensor implanted below the skin and a mobile reader to continuously monitor blood glucose.

Evidence finds link between antidepressant drug use and type 2 diabetes

After the inclusion of recent negative studies, a statistically significant association between AD use and diabetes was observed.

Gastric bypass surgery effective for weight loss, diabetes prevention for 12 years

The 12-year results show that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offered long-term durability of weight loss and was associated with fewer obesity-related coexisting conditions compared with those who did not have the surgery.

Hormone replacement therapy for menopause not associated with increased mortality risk

The researchers found no long-term increase in either all-cause or cause-specific mortality among women who received hormone therapy for up to 5.6 years or 7.2 years, depending on the type of therapy.

Metabolically healthy obese individuals have increased risk of CVD events

Compared with normal-weight individuals, metabolically healthy obese individuals have an increased risk of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and heart failure

Managing hypertension in diabetes: a position statement from the ADA

The statement includes advances in care since the ADA's last position statement was published in 2003.

Demand for liver transplant for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis expected to continue

The increase in the demand for liver transplantation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is expected to continue with the current population obesity trends.

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

Sleep duration for 1 hour longer was associated with lower BMI, fat mass, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose but had no effect on HbA1c or cardiovascular risk.

Lifestyle intervention provides minimal benefit in improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes

Lifestyle interventions maintain glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Human embryo editing repairs genetic mutation that causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

The gene-editing tool called CRISPR-Cas9 could have the potential to treat and prevent other genetic diseases.

Regular alcohol consumption associated with lower risk of diabetes

Consumption of alcohol 3 to 4 days weekly is associated with a significantly lower risk for diabetes in men and women.

CVD prevention: New USPSTF guidelines for lifestyle counseling

The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.

Poor metabolic health associated with depression regardless of body mass index

Researchers found an association between poor metabolic health and depression, regardless of weight status.

Maternal lifestyle interventions reduce the odds of cesarean section

Lifestyle interventions reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and lower the odds of cesarean section without affecting offspring outcomes.

Earlier menopause may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Women who experienced early menopause were 2.4 times more likely to develop diabetes.

Moderate weight gain in early to middle adulthood linked to increased risk of chronic diseases

Adulthood weight gain is associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases and mortality.

Effects of the obesity paradox: VTE risk in atrial fibrillation

Researchers found a paradoxical increase in thromboembolism risk in low-weight patients with atrial fibrillation and VTE who were treated with direct oral anticoagulants.

Thyroid disease associated with higher incidence of manic relapse in bipolar disorder

Thyroid disease may be a risk factor for manic relapse in patients with bipolar disorder.

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Managing comorbidities linked to childhood obesity

A point-of-care resource tool may help clinicians better manage childhood overweight- and obesity-related comorbidities.

Preventing holiday weight gain among rural hospital nightshift employees

Using collaboration and technology, NPs can help patients prevent weight gain and obesity-related diseases.

A link between antiretroviral therapy and diabetes in HIV patients?

HIV-infected patients on ART had approximately 4 and 1.5 greater odds of developing diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, respectively.

Degludec vs glargine in type 2 diabetes for cardiovascular events

Degludec is noninferior to glargine regarding the incidence of major cardiovascular events among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.

Weight loss leads to lower cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis

Patients who lost weight over a 48-month period had a lower rate of cartilage degeneration than patients who maintained stable weight.

Osteoporotic fracture risk linked to mental disorders and related medication use

Researchers used FRAX scores to examine the association of mental disorders and related medication use with osteoporotic fracture risk in clinical practice.

Obesity may increase cognitive impairment in patients with risk of bipolar disorder

Patients with high risk for bipolar disorder are more likely to exhibit decreased cognitive performance as a function of increasing overweight status.

Side effects may affect medication nonadherence in patients with chronic disease

Almost half of participants reported that they never received information regarding the side effects of their medication from their prescriber.

Screening for thyroid cancer: a recommendation statement from the USPSTF

The USPSTF recommends against screening for thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging score calculates diabetes risk in obese individuals

The score can predict the effectiveness of weight-loss therapy for preventing diabetes in overweight or obese individuals.

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

Patients exhibiting moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms had worse adherence than nondepressed patients.

Metabolic syndrome not linked to knee osteoarthritis

Researchers found no association between metabolic syndrome and incident knee osteoarthritis.

Probiotics may lower risk of gestational diabetes

Women who took probiotics in their second trimester had lower rates of gestational diabetes.

Anti-inflammatory effects of linagliptin in diabetes patients

Patients taking linagliptin had decreased HbA1c as well as reactive oxygen species generation and plasma lipid peroxide levels.

Insulin pump therapy improves quality of life in adolescents with type 2 diabetes

Adolescents with type 2 diabetes decreased HbA1c levels after using insulin pump therapy for a 3-month period.

Diabetes and glucose intolerance increase with higher outdoor temperature

Diabetes incidence rates in the US and glucose intolerance worldwide increased per 1°C increase in temperature.

High BMI in late adolescence associated with increased risk of severe liver disease in men

A high BMI is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease, and the risk is higher in those who also have type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Insulin initiation in primary care improves HbA1c levels

The Stepping Up model of care produced a clinically and significantly significant improvement in HbA1c among adults with type 2 diabetes managed in primary care.

Additional weight may affect risk of gastrointestinal cancers

Excess weight could influence the risk of of gastrointestinal cancers by altering insulin levels and promoting inflammation.

Gluten-free diet may increase risk of type 2 diabetes

Individuals who consume the least amount of gluten are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Metformin, vildagliptin have differing effects on heart rate, blood pressure in diabetes

Vildagliptin lowers blood pressure and elevates heart rate, while metformin increases heart rate with no effect on blood pressure.

Managing diabetic retinopathy: ADA releases new position statement

The position statement by the ADA incorporates updates in treatment and screening for patients with diabetic retinopathy.

Depression is often untreated in dialysis patients

Depression is common in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis but seems to be ineffectively treated.

Novel oral glucose lowering drugs reduce adverse events in type 2 diabetes

Researchers observed a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and CVD with dapagliflozin and a lower risk of mortality with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors.

Diabetes without insulin may not increase thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation

Diabetes without insulin did not appear to increase thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation.

CDC tips for prediabetes prevention and treatment

Prediabetes does not always show clear symptoms; however, it can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or stroke.

Risk for postpartum depression higher among women with diabetes

Among all women, PPD risk increased with advanced age and gestational diabetes.

Accuracy of prediabetes screening tests is low

Fasting glucose is specific but not sensitive, and HbA1c is neither sensitive nor specific.

Glyburide and metformin have similar glucose control in gestational diabetes

Researchers observed a high efficacy rate for both glyburide and metformin.

Mortality risk increased in type 2 diabetes with depression or anxiety

Men with diabetes, but not women, had excess mortality risk associated with depression and anxiety.

Enterovirus infections associated with autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes

The most frequent enterovirus types included coxsackievirus A4, coxsackievirus A2, and coxsackievirus A16.

Fish oil, aspirin ineffective for reducing arteriovenous fistula failure

The study suggests that neither fish oil nor aspirin can be recommended for the prevention of AVF failure.

Updated guideline for oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes

The ACP has updated the 2012 guideline to provide clinical recommendations of oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes.

FDA approves first continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick test in diabetes

The FDA has approved a continuous glucose monitoring system to replace fingerstick blood sugar testing in patients with diabetes.

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

The procedure could be used as alternative to bariatric surgery for selected patients with obesity.

Primary care clinician volume tied to quality of diabetes care

Higher ambulatory volume was linked to lower quality of care and quality increased with higher diabetes-specific volume.

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