Endocrinology News Archive
Less than 60% of patients with diabetes given HbA1c, lipid profile tests in preceding 12 months.
A study was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of methyl estradiolpropanoate, a topical soft estrogen cosmeceutical for the treatment of estrogen-deficient skin.
Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with liraglutide experience a greater reduction in systolic BP if they have lower baseline continuous glucose monitoring values and higher diastolic BP.
1999-2000 to 2015-2016 saw increase in mean weight, waist circumference, BMI for many subgroups.
The ADA published its 2019 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes, an evidence-based document intended to provide clinicians, patients, and other stakeholders in the diabetes treatment landscape with up-to-date recommendations.
Elective cesarean delivery may influence the risk of early childhood overweight.
Findings observed in early-stage breast cancer survivors followed for up to 6 years after treatment.
Treatment of thyroid disease, severe infections, glucagon prescriptions, and diabetic retinopathy occur more frequently in individuals with type 1 diabetes who are subsequently diagnosed with Addison disease.
Patients with stable type 2 diabetes may be unnecessarily self-monitoring blood glucose levels despite this practice being recognized as a low-value service.
Fewer than a third of normal-weight adults, 8% of overweight adults are metabolically healthy.
Women more likely to think surgery is needed for health, less likely to consider it 'easy way out'.
Postmenopausal women with normal BMI and elevated body fat levels are at increased risk of breast cancer.
Women born during the Chinese famine period may be at increased risk for early natural menopause and premature ovarian failure.
To investigate the association between hormone therapy and carpal tunnel syndrome risk, researchers conducted a secondary analysis of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) hormone therapy trials.
Women who undergo surgical menopause have significantly worse sleep quality than those who experience natural menopause.
Gauging weight history in clinical practice may help identify patients at risk for weight-related mortality.
Prediction independent of traditional risk factors such as MetS, glucose, HbA1c in general population.
History of sexual assault and current PTSD also associated with higher risk for menopause symptoms.
Could type of clinician rendering care influence outcomes for patients with diabetes?
A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.
The American College of Cardiology published an expert consensus statement regarding decision considerations for novel cardiovascular risk reduction therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
Blood pressure, smoking, type 1 and 2 diabetes linked to higher hazard ratios for women than men.
Severity of symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women was found to have an impact on quality of life.
Patients with diabetes and depressive symptoms who received community-based peer support for diabetes management reported less frequent acute care visits and hospitalizations than patients with diabetes without depressive symptoms.
Individuals with chronic spinal pain, particularly those who are overweight or obese, may be less likely to recover from this condition if both their parents also have chronic spinal pain.
Food assistance may cut number of older adults with diabetes forgoing medications due to cost.
A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes was found to be associated with a lower risk for physical, mental, and genitourinary symptoms of menopause compared with a diet high in fats, meats, desserts, and salts.
A 12-month interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention program for prediabetic and obese patients was found to significantly reduce the risk for development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
Early age of menopause development is associated with lower overall life expectancy and fewer years of life without diabetes.
Functional disability progressed more rapidly in postmenopausal compared with premenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis.
In men, overweight and even higher normal weight tied to increased risk.
Findings among Medicaid, state employee health insurance programs in 2009 to 2017.
The American Diabetes Association issued a position statement outlining the recognition, management, and prevention of T2D in the pediatric population.
The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans provides recommendations for physical activity that have the potential to reduce the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and several cancers.
About 1 in 3 adults with prediabetes has arthritis, and half of those with both conditions are physically inactive and/or obese.
Tissue-Selective Estrogen Complex May Benefit Postmenopausal Women With Vaginal Bleeding, Breast Discomfort
Switching to tissue-selective estrogen complex from hormone therapy may benefit women with breast discomfort or vaginal bleeding.
ThyroSeq v3 has 94% sensitivity, 82% specificity for Bethesda III and IV nodules.
Patients with both Parkinson disease and type 2 diabetes were more likely to have cardiovascular comorbidities than those with only Parkinson disease.
Among older adults prescribed statins, diabetes, anxiety linked to nonadherence, discontinuation.
Investigators examine the association between depression and metabolic syndrome, factoring in diet and physical activity.
Access to ready-to-eat outlets that sell food for instant consumption is associated with greater risk for type 2 diabetes.
Based on data from 40 jurisdictions, increase from 5.2 to 5.6% in GDM from 2012 to 2016.
For adults with type 2 diabetes, plant-based diets can improve psychological health, quality of life, hemoglobin A1c levels.
Intensive blood pressure control and fenofibrate use in patients with type 2 diabetes who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease may increase the risk for adverse kidney events.
Prescription of antibiotics and acid-suppressing medications in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for obesity.
Gastric banding and metformin resulted in similar improvements in insulin sensitivity in moderately obese adults with impaired glucose tolerance or mild T2D over a 2-year period.
Researchers found that higher levels of fatty acid biomarkers 15:0, 17:0, and trans-16:1n7 were inversely associated with risk for T2D.
Approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was supported by the Phase 3 Replenish trial which evaluated the safety and efficacy of Bijuva in generally healthy, postmenopausal women with a uterus for the treatment of moderate to severe hot flashes.
Researchers analyzed how improvements in metabolic syndrome may impact the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in patients with prediabetes.
Higher levels of estradiol were inversely associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness progression in the early postmenopausal cohort but positively associated with it in the late postmenopausal group.
Fasting plasma glucose, BMI elevated 10 years before diagnosis of prediabetes, diabetes.
Early-onset asthma and wheezing may contribute to an increased risk of developing obesity later in childhood.
Postmenopausal women with weight loss have a reduced risk for breast cancer.
The effect of high-intensity interval training with a bout of moderate-intensity continuous training on glucose levels was examined in T1D.
Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.
No benefit regarding quality of life or thyroid-related symptoms found for thyroid hormone therapy.
For this analysis, the authors used follow-up data from all 7020 patients included in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial to estimate the effect of empagliflozin on all-cause mortality vs placebo over the duration of a patient's lifetime.
Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.
Recommendations for the management of type 2 diabetes have been updated, according to a consensus report by the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.
The risk for late-onset epilepsy was lower in patients with higher physical activity levels and moderate alcohol intake.
Day-and-night hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery improves glucose control compared with sensor-augmented pump therapy.
Approximately 28% of stroke patients have diabetes, and the presence of diabetes can increase the risk for poor stroke outcome.
Women with ovarian or endometrial cancer who adhere to a ketogenic diet may benefit from a selective loss of fat mass and a reduction in fasting serum insulin, while still retaining lean mass.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes may increase the risk for hot flashes during menopause.
Light treatments successfully corrected abnormal timing of melatonin circadian rhythms in perimenopausal women with depression and improved mood and sleep within 2 weeks.
The upper level of vitamin D recommended by the Endocrine Society can result in frequent hypercalciuria.
These findings suggest an increased risk for postpartum depressive symptoms in mothers with gestational diabetes, independent of depressive symptomatology during pregnancy.
Continuous positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea in patients with type 2 diabetes offered no improvement in visual acuity compared with usual care alone.
A combined immunosuppressive regimen was found to be a highly effective and safe treatment for patients with type B insulin resistance.
Increased weight loss vs placebo with no rise in rate of extended major cardiovascular events.
But weight loss no different for online, in-person DPP for obese/overweight veterans with prediabetes.
Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes 9.7 and 4.3%; prevalence increased with age.
SGLT-2i exhibited superior effects in terms of weight loss and did not increase the risk for hypoglycemia in dual therapy with sulfonylurea.
Findings among diverse population of overweight, obese women.
Researchers concluded that physical activity was not associated with risk for early menopause.
Repeated exposure to high levels of HbA1c was associated with increased risk for dementia in a cohort of patients age ≥50 with type 1 diabetes.
Long-term effects seen in mothers, but offspring not significantly overweight, obese.
Intensive blood pressure therapy is associated with a significantly lower risk for serious cardiovascular events in the adults with diabetes.
Racial/ethnic differences seen in the association of aldosterone with incident type 2 diabetes.
The USPSTF recommends that clinicians refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicompetent behavioral interventions.
According to the Imvexxy prescribing information, women should generally be started at the 4mcg dosage strength with dosage adjustment guided by clinical response.
The 5 topics addressed by the 11-member expert panel include epidemiology, clinical presentation, therapeutic effects of antidepressants, effects of hormone therapy, and the effectiveness of other therapies (eg, psychotherapy, exercise, natural health products).
Researchers found that patients with T1DM and poor glycemic control were more frequently diagnosed with infections.
Excess risk differed by up to 5 times across different diagnosis age groups.
The substantial burden of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes has led to the exploration of various cardiovascular disease prevention strategies, including the use of aspirin.
Investigators assessed whether adrenal suppression with low-dose dexamethasone improved IVF outcomes.
The PedsQL 3.2 can assist in identify new and existing therapeutic interventions for individuals with different diabetes-specific health-related quality of life profiles.
Experts in the management of acromegaly provide new recommendations on the medical management of acromegaly since the last published update in 2014.
Obese women have significantly higher bacterial biomass of lower diversity at the incision site.
Compared with uninfected individuals, people with HIV controlled with combination antiretroviral therapy are not at increased risk of developing thyroid dysfunction.
Fills for insulin and newer medications increased by 40 and 39%, respectively.
Stroke risk 19% lower with breastfeeding for 1 to 6 months; stronger link for longer duration.
Prevalences of diabetes and prediabetes higher among racial/ethnic minorities with mental illness.
The International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health convened an expert consensus panel to discuss the use of androgens in the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause.
Investigators sought to determine the safety and efficacy of electroacupuncture for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
Physicians can stress the factors in a patient's control and change messaging about the condition.
The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act target date of April 1, 2019.
Investigators examined the relationship between menstrual cycle characteristics in adolescence and early adulthood and the risk for early natural menopause.
There are 14 states that perform a routine second screening in infants at approximately 2 weeks of age.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.