FPIES is a gastrointestinal food-associated hypersensitivity that often affects infants and toddlers and is marked by vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and pallor.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with greater weight loss at 1, 3, and 5 years than sleeve gastrectomy or adjustable gastric banding.
Psoriasis appears to be significantly associated with inflammatory bowel disease.
Researchers examined evidence suggesting that probiotics may exert antidepressant effects via anti-inflammatory mechanisms.
Probiotics provided to reduce the risk for common acute infections may be associated with reduced antibiotic use in infants and children.
Loss to follow-up is common with inflammatory bowel disease, and both low C-reactive protein levels and long travel time to the hospital are predictors of follow-up loss
Unrestricted diets are acceptable more than one day before colonoscopy among patients using a split-dose bowel regimen.
The recommendations have been published in the AGA's official journal, Gastroenterology.
Recommendations include clinician education, use of gastric pH measurement, radiographs.
The consumption of dietary gluten was not associated with microscopic colitis risk in patients without celiac disease.
Stool burden can be a particularly challenging aspect of colonoscopies, making potentially cancerous lesions easier to miss.
Study authors at the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) Scientific Meeting 2018 presented late-breaking data from the induction phase of the Phase 3 UNIFI study.
The test works by measuring levels of anti-cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) and anti-vinculin, 2 biomarkers of post-infectious IBS-D and IBS-M.
In patients taking multiple antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors, or histamine receptor antagonists, the concurrent use of probiotics was associated with an increased incidence of Clostridium difficile infection
In one study, 86% of patients clinically diagnosed with esophagopharyngeal reflux reported significant reduction in symptoms after 2 weeks of use.
Correlation between PPI and hip fracture persisted for subgroups with low, medium, high PPI use.
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and numerous gastrointestinal tumors have been linked to somatic gain-of-function GNAS mutations, which can lead to McCune-Albright syndrome.
While several secretagogues have been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a lack of head-to-head trials led researchers to conduct a systematic review to compare the effectiveness of these agents in patients with IBS-C.
Eravacycline was well-tolerated in clinical trials and achieved high cure rates in patients with Gram-negative pathogens (including resistant strains).
Diagnosing, but leaving these polyps can save time and, likely, costs.
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.
The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act target date of April 1, 2019.
High-dose esomeprazole taken in combination with aspirin may safely and effectively improve outcomes in patients with Barrett esophagus.
Patients who received gastric bypass surgery had lower rates of diabetic neuropathy at follow up that remained stable throughout the study.
As fecal microbiota transplantation has been found to be effective in treating a number of gastrointestinal diseases, such as Clostridium difficile infection, researchers are now assessing whether it may also be effective for patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.
AGREE [A Working Group on PPI-REE) was convened to update the previously published guidelines on diagnostic criteria for eosinophilic esophagitis.
Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI DisordersJuly 20, 2018
Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.
Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.
Positive guaiac fecal occult blood test result linked to increased risk of death from circulatory, respiratory, other diseases.