Gastroenterology

Avocado Implicated in Several Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome Cases

Avocado Implicated in Several Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome Cases

FPIES is a gastrointestinal food-associated hypersensitivity that often affects infants and toddlers and is marked by vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and pallor.

Greater Weight Loss With Gastric Bypass Than Other Bariatric Surgery

Greater Weight Loss With Gastric Bypass Than Other Bariatric Surgery

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with greater weight loss at 1, 3, and 5 years than sleeve gastrectomy or adjustable gastric banding.

Psoriasis Linked to Increased Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Psoriasis Linked to Increased Risk for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Psoriasis appears to be significantly associated with inflammatory bowel disease.

Probiotics, Depression, and the Role of Inflammation

Probiotics, Depression, and the Role of Inflammation

Researchers examined evidence suggesting that probiotics may exert antidepressant effects via anti-inflammatory mechanisms.

Probiotics May Reduce Antibiotic Use for Common Acute Infections in Children

Probiotics May Reduce Antibiotic Use for Common Acute Infections in Children

Probiotics provided to reduce the risk for common acute infections may be associated with reduced antibiotic use in infants and children.

Loss to Follow-Up Common With IBD

Loss to Follow-Up Common With IBD

Loss to follow-up is common with inflammatory bowel disease, and both low C-reactive protein levels and long travel time to the hospital are predictors of follow-up loss

Unrestricted Diet Acceptable More Than One Day Before Colonoscopy

Unrestricted Diet Acceptable More Than One Day Before Colonoscopy

Unrestricted diets are acceptable more than one day before colonoscopy among patients using a split-dose bowel regimen.

AGA: New Opioid-Induced Constipation Management Guidelines Available

AGA: New Opioid-Induced Constipation Management Guidelines Available

The recommendations have been published in the AGA's official journal, Gastroenterology.

Recommendations Developed to Verify Nasogastric Tube Placement in Children

Recommendations Developed to Verify Nasogastric Tube Placement in Children

Recommendations include clinician education, use of gastric pH measurement, radiographs.

Microscopic Colitis Risk Not Linked to Dietary Gluten in Women Without Celiac Disease

Microscopic Colitis Risk Not Linked to Dietary Gluten in Women Without Celiac Disease

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The consumption of dietary gluten was not associated with microscopic colitis risk in patients without celiac disease.

Bowel Preparation for Colorectal Cancer Screening: Improving Outcomes

Bowel Preparation for Colorectal Cancer Screening: Improving Outcomes

Stool burden can be a particularly challenging aspect of colonoscopies, making potentially cancerous lesions easier to miss.

Ustekinumab Induces Clinical Remission After One Dose in Ulcerative Colitis Study

Ustekinumab Induces Clinical Remission After One Dose in Ulcerative Colitis Study

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Study authors at the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) Scientific Meeting 2018 presented late-breaking data from the induction phase of the Phase 3 UNIFI study.

Novel Blood Test for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Now Available

Novel Blood Test for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Now Available

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The test works by measuring levels of anti-cytolethal distending toxin B (CdtB) and anti-vinculin, 2 biomarkers of post-infectious IBS-D and IBS-M.

Probiotic Use May Not Protect Against <i>Clostridium Difficile</i> Infection

Probiotic Use May Not Protect Against Clostridium Difficile Infection

In patients taking multiple antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors, or histamine receptor antagonists, the concurrent use of probiotics was associated with an increased incidence of Clostridium difficile infection

Reflux Band Now Available OTC for Reducing Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

Reflux Band Now Available OTC for Reducing Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

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In one study, 86% of patients clinically diagnosed with esophagopharyngeal reflux reported significant reduction in symptoms after 2 weeks of use.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Tied to Hip Fracture in Dialysis Patients

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Tied to Hip Fracture in Dialysis Patients

Correlation between PPI and hip fracture persisted for subgroups with low, medium, high PPI use.

McCune-Albright Syndrome Linked to Broad Range of Gastrointestinal Pathologies

McCune-Albright Syndrome Linked to Broad Range of Gastrointestinal Pathologies

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Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and numerous gastrointestinal tumors have been linked to somatic gain-of-function GNAS mutations, which can lead to McCune-Albright syndrome.

Secretagogues Compared in Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Constipation

Secretagogues Compared in Irritable Bowel Syndrome With Constipation

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While several secretagogues have been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a lack of head-to-head trials led researchers to conduct a systematic review to compare the effectiveness of these agents in patients with IBS-C.

Xerava Approved for the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Xerava Approved for the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

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Eravacycline was well-tolerated in clinical trials and achieved high cure rates in patients with Gram-negative pathogens (including resistant strains).

Computer-Aided Colonoscopy Reliably Identifies Small Polyps

Computer-Aided Colonoscopy Reliably Identifies Small Polyps

Diagnosing, but leaving these polyps can save time and, likely, costs.

ASMBS Pediatric Committee Updates Guidelines on Bariatric Surgery in Teens

ASMBS Pediatric Committee Updates Guidelines on Bariatric Surgery in Teens

The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.

FDA to Review Gimoti for Diabetic Gastroparesis in Adult Women

FDA to Review Gimoti for Diabetic Gastroparesis in Adult Women

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The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act target date of April 1, 2019.

Proton Pump Inhibitor Treatment and Aspirin Improve Outcomes in Barrett Esophagus

Proton Pump Inhibitor Treatment and Aspirin Improve Outcomes in Barrett Esophagus

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High-dose esomeprazole taken in combination with aspirin may safely and effectively improve outcomes in patients with Barrett esophagus.

Bariatric surgery linked to significant reduction in microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes

Patients who received gastric bypass surgery had lower rates of diabetic neuropathy at follow up that remained stable throughout the study.

Gut Microbiota Alterations May Not Be Enough to Relieve Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Gut Microbiota Alterations May Not Be Enough to Relieve Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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As fecal microbiota transplantation has been found to be effective in treating a number of gastrointestinal diseases, such as Clostridium difficile infection, researchers are now assessing whether it may also be effective for patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

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A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.

Updated Diagnostic Guidelines for Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Outcomes From AGREE

Updated Diagnostic Guidelines for Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Outcomes From AGREE

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AGREE [A Working Group on PPI-REE) was convened to update the previously published guidelines on diagnostic criteria for eosinophilic esophagitis.

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

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Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of <i>Clostridium difficile</i>

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

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Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Increases With Positive Fecal Hemoglobin Test

Risk of CRC, Non-CRC Death Increases With Positive Fecal Hemoglobin Test

Positive guaiac fecal occult blood test result linked to increased risk of death from circulatory, respiratory, other diseases.

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