Increased risk for new-onset, postpartum mental illness observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g.
Patients with Crohn disease were enrolled in a comparative cohort study that analyzed the outcomes of reference product infliximab vs biosimilar treatment.
Incidence of intraoperative, postoperative complications lower in resectable esophageal cancer.
Minimum inhibitory concentration levels of resistance to either clarithromycin or metronidazole may play a role in Helicobacter pylori therapy outcome.
Transplanting fecal bacteria from healthy donors might prove to be effective in resolving cancer immunotherapy-triggered colitis, a pair of case reports has suggested.
Compared with unscreened individuals, a colonoscopy with normal findings may be linked to lower risk of colorectal cancer deaths for more than 12 years.
Risk for proximal cancers low among patients without broad-definition anemia and/or abdominal mass.
Decreases in abundance of several taxa may be linked to increased risk for carbapenem-resistant P aeruginosa colonization-acquisition ICU patients.
The omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid and aspirin were compared alone and in combination against placebo for the prevention of colorectal cancer.
Some patients may not be comfortable discontinuing colorectal cancer screening despite minimal benefit associated with the testing.
Left hemisphere dominates sensory visceral integration, right tied to the autonomic function.
Low vitamin D levels have been linked to multiple diseases including some cancers, neurologic disorders, decrease in bone density, and cognitive decline in the elderly, and research suggests that a possible inflammatory response in the gut when vitamin D levels are low may cause irritable bowel syndrome.
To compare the incidence of hospitalization for upper GI tract bleeding, researchers used US Medicare beneficiary files to identify a cohort of patients that were ≥30 years old who initiated oral anticoagulation therapy with apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or warfarin, with or without PPI cotherapy.
The ERADICATE Hp2 trial enrolled 455 dyspepsia patients at 55 sites across the US and randomized them to receive 4 capsules, 3 times daily, of either Talicia or the active comparator (amoxicillin 250mg and omeprazole 10mg), for a period of 14 days.
Low-dose imipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant, may benefit patients with functional dyspepsia that is unresponsive to proton pump inhibitors and prokinetic agents.
Recent research points to an association between the gut microbiome composition and various types of immune-mediated inflammatory arthritides.
The probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri DSM17938 may be useful for managing colic in breastfed infants; however, its efficacy in formula-fed infants is unclear.
No benefits seen with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG or L. rhamnosus R0011 and L. helveticus R0052.
Item-reduced version with 8 questions instead of 28 accounted for 77% of variance.
A great deal of progress has been made in reducing the burden of diarrheal diseases, but this reduction has not been equal globally.
FPIES is a gastrointestinal food-associated hypersensitivity that often affects infants and toddlers and is marked by vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and pallor.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with greater weight loss at 1, 3, and 5 years than sleeve gastrectomy or adjustable gastric banding.
Psoriasis appears to be significantly associated with inflammatory bowel disease.
Researchers examined evidence suggesting that probiotics may exert antidepressant effects via anti-inflammatory mechanisms.
Probiotics provided to reduce the risk for common acute infections may be associated with reduced antibiotic use in infants and children.
Loss to follow-up is common with inflammatory bowel disease, and both low C-reactive protein levels and long travel time to the hospital are predictors of follow-up loss
Unrestricted diets are acceptable more than one day before colonoscopy among patients using a split-dose bowel regimen.
The recommendations have been published in the AGA's official journal, Gastroenterology.
Recommendations include clinician education, use of gastric pH measurement, radiographs.