Apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older people.
Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.
Pet ownership is not linked to decreased aging in the elderly.
Findings do not support routine vitamin D and calcium supplementation in community-dwelling older adults for lowering the incidence of osteoporosis-related fractures.
Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.
Medication use is significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland dysfunction in older adults.
Multifactorial intervention should be offered selectively by clinicians based on an individual patient's circumstances.
LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
Results from a 27-year follow-up study found no association between physical activity and a lower risk of dementia.
Increases were observed in repeat observation stays and any hospital revisit for seniors between 2006 and 2011.
About 76% of US jurisdictions reported healthcare-associated cases of Legionnaires' disease.
Researchers found that multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria colonization prevalence ranged from 11.2% of residents to 59.1%.
The ALLHAT-LLT trial showed that statin therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention may not benefit adults older than 65 years of age.
Patients treated by older physicians have higher mortality than those cared for by younger physicians
Researchers found that patients treated by older physicians had higher 30-day mortality than those cared for by younger physicians, despite similar patient characteristics.
Older patients taking sleeping pills have a fracture rate 2.5 times greater compared with patients who are not taking these medications.
Road closures may create delays in emergency care for nonparticipants with acute medical conditions who live close to marathon routes.
Use of the empowerment approach is necessary for health promotion in older patients with COPD, but little attention has been paid to the dimensions of empowerment in COPD management.
Octogenarians with colorectal cancer have several differences in clinical and tumor characteristics, compared with younger patients with the disease.
Researchers report that women and men in the United States will have lower life expectancy gains, compared with those in other countries.
Nurse practitioners made more than 1.3 million home visits nationwide in 2013.
More than 10,000 Medicare beneficiaries die each year within 7 days of being discharged from emergency departments.
Depending on race, sex, and ethnicity, the right statin type may lower the risk of Alzheimer disease.
Researchers conducted an examination in patients over 65 years with moderate-to-severe pain in an academic emergency department.
Vitamin D supplementation may be associated with reduced ARIs among long-term care facility residents.
The reduction in thromboembolism was attenuated after accounting for competing death events.
Close contact casting may help older adults avoid surgery after an ankle fracture.
Older adults presenting with abdominal pain should be screened for appendicitis.
Consuming dietary fiber from bread, cereal, and fruit may increase the likelihood of successful aging over 10 years.
Even those who are in overall poor health and medically frail could benefit from hypertension interventions.
Many geriatric patients expressed dissatisfaction with patient/provider discussions regarding psychosocial issues.
The rates of dangerous drug combinations, supplement use, and polypharmacy are increasing among older adult patients.
The USPSTF has released a recommendation statement regarding screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults.
Patients administered low doses of benzodiazepines have an elevated risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease compared with patients who received higher doses.
People who lose greater amounts of weight per decade later in life have an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment.
Risk of stroke and myocardial infarction may be more than double in the first week following a shingles diagnosis in elderly patients.
High monthly doses of vitamin D do not improve lower extremity function and may increase fall risk in the elderly.
Patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy had a 1.88-times increased rate of developing Alzheimer's disease.
The FDA has approved Fluad, a trivalent flu vaccine with the adjuvant MF59, for use in patients aged 65 and older.
Research reveals that focus on diet, mental health, and lifestyle may help lower the number of new cases of Alzheimer's disease.
Two studies found no evidence that calcium intake is associated with fracture risk.
The USPSTF recommends low-dose aspirin for certain adults aged 50 to 69 years.
Vitamin D did not improve bone and muscle outcomes in postmenopausal women.
Over 25% of geriatric oncology patients reported using complementary and alternative medications.
The majority of older adults with diabetes do not meet the ADA's criteria for good management of their condition.
A new study provides evidence that yearly influenza vaccination benefited residents of nursing homes.
The CDC found that 24.8% of women and 5.6% of men aged 65 years and older had osteoporosis.
Older adults with dementia who took cholinesterase inhibitors had an increased risk of weight loss.
Older adults who consumed a moderate amount of coffee had a lower risk of mild cognitive impairment.
Older adults who exercise, drink moderately, don't smoke, and have a healthy weight have a lower risk of heart failure.
Mediterranean diet is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults with high cardiovascular risk.
Yearly mortality, hospital stays, and inpatient costs have decreased in Medicare patients.
Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help fight against cognitive decline in older adults.
People who remain active as they age improve cognitive skills in executive function, attention, behavior, and spatial relationships.
Health 360 is designed to be applied by an interprofessional collaborative care team and facilitated by nurse practitioners.
NPs should be aware of signs that may be related to frailty when evaluating elderly patients.
Patients who ate five servings of fruits and vegetables had a lower rate of hip fracture.
Patients taking the highest amount of metformin had a 25% reduced risk of developing OAG compared with those not taking the medication.
Study links activity in older men to longer lives.
Every 11-pound drop in grip strength was also associated with a 9% increased risk of stroke and a 7% higher risk of myocardial infarction.
The risk was found to be even higher at 5 years after diagnosis
Independent mortality predictors included older age, male sex, renal disease, stroke, cancer, COPD, and congestive heart failure.
Colorectal cancer screening was higher in 2010 than in 2008 (58.9% versus 53.7%) and correlated with longer life expectancy and younger age.
During follow-up, 1,217 suicides attempts were reported; 260 were fatal.
Anticoagulants are associated with an increased risk for bleeding, but for most patients, the benefits outweigh the bleeding risk.
A spike in hypertension-related death was seen in both genders and was most marked among those aged 45 to 64 years and those aged over 85 years.
The mean interval in waist-circumference change in patients who drank diet soda was triple that compared with patients who did not drink diet soda.
Research findings suggest the link between dementia risk and anticholinergic medications may persist and may not be reversible years after people stop taking these drugs.
Women who used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for five years were approximately 40% more likely to develop ovarian cancer than were women who had never been on HRT.
Within one year of being discharged from the hospital for heart failure, 67.4% of patients enrolled in the study were readmitted to the hospital and 35.8% died.
Particularly in men, the risk of hip fracture was increased considerably with lower body mass index combined with abdominal obesity.
Patients who are resistant to aspirin may be at risk for larger, more severe strokes.
The predicted risk of heart attack or death increased 1% for every 25 to 30 minutes that a patient was sedentary.
Those who consumed high-acid diets appeared to face triple the risk of kidney failure compared with those who consumed low-acid diets.
IOM committee proposes name change to 'systemic exertion intolerance disease'.
More education is needed to increase influenza vaccination rates among nursing home workers.
Depression and other behavioral changes may precede Alzheimer disease and dementia.
Many older adults with diabetes and comorbid medical problems may be over treated.
When it came to political ideologies, 30% of conservatives and moderates died compared with 25% of liberals.
Long-term selenium and vitamin E supplementation did not reduce apparently healthy male patients' risks of developing age-related cataracts.
There were no significant protective effects noted for fiber, fruit, or vegetable intake on the risk of kidney stone recurrence in women with a history of stones.
Stronger improvement in the immune response was seen in frail senior patients living in nursing homes who received a high-dose flu vaccine.
Although women who took low-dose aspirin saw a small reduction of CVD and colorectal cancer risk, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding increased.
Patients who ran more than 15.3 miles per week had a 40% reduced risk of dying from Alzheimer disease.
More than 50% of survey respondents reported cancer warning signs, but only 2% considered cancer as a possible cause.
Maintaining systolic blood pressure at less than 150 mmHG is adequate for preventing hypertension in older adults.
Senior patients who jogged at least 30 minutes three times a week were less likely to have age-related physical decline.
Statin therapy for patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or high cholesterol levels is recommended.
Patients who had mentally stimulating jobs appeared to retain sharper thinking even years after retirement.
Screening elderly patients for heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can increase detection.
The risk of any bone fracture increased 16% in women who drank three or more glasses daily, and the risk of a broken hip increased 60%.
Perceived swallowing difficulties and overnight denture-wearing were independently associated with an approximately 2.3-fold higher risk of pneumonia.
The average life expectancy for Americans was 78.8 in 2012. Women were estimated to live longer than men by 2.5 years.
Arterial spin labeling scans may predict future mental impairment issues for geriatric patients.
Give the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine along with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to all patients aged 65 years and older.
Flu-related complications last year caused more than 100 deaths in children and most of whom were not vaccinated.
Many nursing home residents incur substantial costs associated with questionable medication prescriptions.
The association between ischemic stroke risk and potassium intake was strongest in nonhypertensive senior female patients.
Most aspects of cognitive function declined during the studies evaluated and vitamin B supplementation reduced circulating homocysteine concentrations, as expected.