Geriatrics

Incident Contrast Sensitivity Common in Middle-Aged Adults

Incident Contrast Sensitivity Common in Middle-Aged Adults

Factors linked to elevated risk include cadmium level in highest quintile, older age, more plaque sites.

ASPREE Trial: Aspirin Associated With Higher Mortality, Hemorrhage Risk in Older Adults

ASPREE Trial: Aspirin Associated With Higher Mortality, Hemorrhage Risk in Older Adults

The use of aspirin in healthy elderly patients as a preventative strategy was associated with no prolongation of long-term disability-free survival compared with placebo.

Cardiac Profiles Up With Exercise, Less Sitting in Early Old Age

Cardiac Profiles Up With Exercise, Less Sitting in Early Old Age

Greater light, moderate-to-vigorous intensity activity tied to more favorable profile in adults age 60 to 64.

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.

PCPs Often Not Meeting Needs of Seniors With Chronic Conditions

PCPs Often Not Meeting Needs of Seniors With Chronic Conditions

Eight-six percent of PCPs feel unable to adequately address needs of patients with multiple chronic conditions

Hearing Loss Linked to CVD Risks in Elderly

Hearing Loss Linked to CVD Risks in Elderly

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Elderly patients aged 80 years and older have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) with worse hearing as well as hearing deterioration.

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk of Chronic Pain

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk of Chronic Pain

Findings based on two-year follow-up of a large, community-dwelling cohort in Malaysia

Newly Proposed Definition of Alzheimer's Disease Focuses on Biologic Criteria

Newly Proposed Definition of Alzheimer's Disease Focuses on Biologic Criteria

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The NIA-AA has proposed updates to the 2011 guidelines for symptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease to include the idea that certain imaging and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers are valid proxies for neuropathologic changes of AD.

Provider-demanded flu testing less likely in elderly patients

Provider-demanded flu testing less likely in elderly patients

Younger adults are more likely to have provider-ordered flu testing than older adults.

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

Dementia risk linked to apathy, depression in older adults

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Apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older people.

Air pollution increases mortality risk in older adults

Air pollution increases mortality risk in older adults

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Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.

Pet ownership not linked to aging biomarkers in the elderly

Pet ownership not linked to aging biomarkers in the elderly

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Pet ownership is not linked to decreased aging in the elderly.

Vitamin D, calcium supplements do not reduce fracture risk in older adults

Vitamin D, calcium supplements do not reduce fracture risk in older adults

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Findings do not support routine vitamin D and calcium supplementation in community-dwelling older adults for lowering the incidence of osteoporosis-related fractures.

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.

Certain medication use associated with dry mouth in older adults

Certain medication use associated with dry mouth in older adults

Medication use is significantly associated with xerostomia and salivary gland dysfunction in older adults.

USPSTF: Exercise recommended to prevent falls in seniors

USPSTF: Exercise recommended to prevent falls in seniors

Multifactorial intervention should be offered selectively by clinicians based on an individual patient's circumstances.

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk may decrease with LABA/LAMA in COPD

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk may decrease with LABA/LAMA in COPD

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LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.

Chlorhexidine oral rinse solution ineffective for aspiration pneumonia

Chlorhexidine oral rinse solution ineffective for aspiration pneumonia

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Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

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Results from a 27-year follow-up study found no association between physical activity and a lower risk of dementia.

Hospital revisits after discharge from observation increase among elderly

Hospital revisits after discharge from observation increase among elderly

Increases were observed in repeat observation stays and any hospital revisit for seniors between 2006 and 2011.

CDC: Legionnaires' disease widespread in healthcare facilities

CDC: Legionnaires' disease widespread in healthcare facilities

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About 76% of US jurisdictions reported healthcare-associated cases of Legionnaires' disease.

Drug-resistant bacteria found in over 25% of nursing-home residents

Drug-resistant bacteria found in over 25% of nursing-home residents

Researchers found that multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria colonization prevalence ranged from 11.2% of residents to 59.1%.

Statins vs usual care for primary cardiovascular prevention in older adults

Statins vs usual care for primary cardiovascular prevention in older adults

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The ALLHAT-LLT trial showed that statin therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention may not benefit adults older than 65 years of age.

Patients treated by older physicians have higher mortality than those cared for by younger physicians

Patients treated by older physicians have higher mortality than those cared for by younger physicians

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Researchers found that patients treated by older physicians had higher 30-day mortality than those cared for by younger physicians, despite similar patient characteristics.

Risk of hip fracture increases after new prescription for sleeping pills

Risk of hip fracture increases after new prescription for sleeping pills

Older patients taking sleeping pills have a fracture rate 2.5 times greater compared with patients who are not taking these medications.

Marathon races linked to delayed emergency care and higher mortality in nonparticipants

Marathon races linked to delayed emergency care and higher mortality in nonparticipants

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Road closures may create delays in emergency care for nonparticipants with acute medical conditions who live close to marathon routes.

Managing elderly patients with COPD through empowerment

Managing elderly patients with COPD through empowerment

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Use of the empowerment approach is necessary for health promotion in older patients with COPD, but little attention has been paid to the dimensions of empowerment in COPD management.

Colorectal cancer characteristics different, outcomes worse among octogenarians

Colorectal cancer characteristics different, outcomes worse among octogenarians

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Octogenarians with colorectal cancer have several differences in clinical and tumor characteristics, compared with younger patients with the disease.

Life expectancy for some may exceed 90 years by 2030

Life expectancy for some may exceed 90 years by 2030

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Researchers report that women and men in the United States will have lower life expectancy gains, compared with those in other countries.

Nurse practitioners could meet the need for house calls to elderly

Nurse practitioners could meet the need for house calls to elderly

Nurse practitioners made more than 1.3 million home visits nationwide in 2013.

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