Hepatology Information Center Archive

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Metabolic syndrome also associated with higher alanine aminotransferase levels longitudinally

Hepatitis C Screening Increasing Among Baby Boomers

Screening prevalence 11.5 to 12.8%; similar rate for cohort born from 1966 to 1985

Effectiveness of Shortened Treatment Regimen for Hepatitis C Assessed

In this large, real-world cohort of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, equivalent sustained virologic response rates were found with both 8-week and 12-week treatment.

End-of-Treatment HBsAg Levels May Predict HBV Relapse in Chronic Hepatitis B

End-of-treatment HBsAg levels may be a clinically useful biomarker to predict HBV relapse in patients with chronic hepatitis B regardless of HBeAg status.

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.

Direct-Acting Antivirals Improve Liver Transplant Survival

Direct-acting antivirals improved the survival of patients undergoing liver transplantation for HCV-related liver disease.

BMI associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus

BMI is positively correlated with increased hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic HBV, though the risk is greater in women.

HCV treatment with direct antiviral agents improves carotid atherosclerosis

Hepatitis C virus eradication by direct antiviral agents improves carotid atherosclerosis in patients with advanced fibrosis and compensated cirrhosis.

Prophylaxis may protect kidney recipients from HCV

Prophylaxis safely, effectively prevents HCV transmittance in noninfected patients receiving kidney transplants from HCV-positive donors.

Maternal TDF not effective in reducing hepatitis B transmission

TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.

Drug combination effective for hepatitis C

Elbasvir and grazoprevir, taken in combination for 12 weeks, successfully treated virologic response in patient with hepatitis C genotype 1b.

Alternatives to whole liver transplants possible for children

Technical variant grafts may be better than whole grafts for living donor liver transplants in children.

Hepatitis B infection prevention: ACIP updated recommendations

The Work Group who authored the new recommendations was made up of professionals from academic medicine, federal and state public health agencies, and medical societies.

Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir treats HCV genotype 1,3

Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir for 8 or 12 weeks successfully treated HCV genotype 1 and 3.

Primary gastrinomas of the hepatobiliary tract may occur in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Lymph nodes proximal to hepatic or biliary gastrinomas will likely require extraction as many in the surround region will have metastasized.

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.

FDA approves Heplisav-B vaccine for hepatitis B treatment

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.

Hepatitis increases mortality rates in HIV patients

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C may increase mortality risks in HIV patients.

Epsom salt may cause liver injury in predisposed patients

A 38-year old nonalcoholic patient consumed Epsom salt in large quantities for a short period of time and developed jaundice and steatohepatitis.

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.

Aspirin use associated with a reduced risk of HCC in hepatitis B patients

Aspirin therapy is associated with a reduced risk of hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

Updated hepatitis C recommendations include kidney transplant, pregnant patients

The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have added updates to the hepatitis C guidelines to include kidney transplant, pregnant, and pediatric patients.

FDA approves Opdivo for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

The FDA has approved Opdivo (nivolumab) injection for the treatment of patients with HCC who have been previously treated with sorafenib.

Combating the hepatitis A outbreak in San Diego

The 3-part plan to halt the outbreak of hepatitis A focuses on immunization, sanitation and education with most of the efforts focused on the homeless population who are the most at-risk population.

Hepatocellular carcinoma risk unclear after hepatitis C treatment

The results show no evidence to support a hypothesis of differential impact of interferon and direct-acting antiviral-based cure on risk for HCC occurrence and recurrence.

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease increases cancer risk in adulthood

Patients with childhood-onset IBD have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, lymphoid neoplasms, and skin cancer,

Coffee consumption associated with reduced liver cancer risk, no link to biliary tract cancer

No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.

Mediterranean diet, antioxidant supplements beneficial for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Demand for liver transplant for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis expected to continue

The increase in the demand for liver transplantation for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is expected to continue with the current population obesity trends.

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Primary care providers and nurse practitioners can expand HCV treatment access

Primary care providers and nurse practitioners achieve the same sustained virologic response rates as specialists.

Alcohol screening and brief intervention: A practice manual for clinicians

The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.

Use of palliative care increases in patients with end-stage liver disease

The use of palliative care increased from 2006 to 2012 among patients with end-stage liver disease.

Electronic health record-based prompt increases hepatitis C screenings in baby boomers

The prompt increased hepatitis C screening rates among baby boomers in primary care by 5-fold.

Telbivudine prevents hepatitis B transmission during early pregnancy

Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.

Blood-borne viruses more common in patients with severe mental illness

HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more common among individuals with severe mental illness.

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.

Risk-scoring model predicts advanced colorectal neoplasia in younger adults

The score could help predict advanced colorectal neoplasia in adults younger than 50 years of age.

Frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption linked to lower liver stiffness

The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.

High HCV cure rates in patients with HIV coinfection at urban clinic

Hepatitis C treatment in HIV coinfection cases is effective with standardized nurse and pharmacist support for patients in an urban clinic.

Hepatitis B vaccine reduces risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents

The universal vaccination against hepatitis B virus infection prevented non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adolescents.

Increased coffee consumption may reduce risk of hepatocellular carcinoma

Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine the association between coffee consumption and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Tenofovir prevents prenatal transmission of HBV in pregnancy

Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.

Endoscopy's role in primary sclerosing cholangitis: a clinical guideline

The guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients.

ASCO: Capecitabine may prolong survival in patients with biliary tract cancer

The researchers found that the average survival after surgery for those receiving capecitabine was longer compared with those who only had surgery.

Gluten consumption affects symptom onset in functional dyspepsia

Gluten-rich food may lead to symptom onset, specifically early satiety, in patients with functional dyspepsia.

Primary biliary cholangitis: A clinical practice guideline

The guidelines facilitate a holistic, lifelong approach to the management of patients with primary biliary cholangitis.

EASL releases updated guidelines for managing hepatitis B virus infection

The updated guidelines include substantial changes in the management of hepatitis B based on the latest scientific evidence.

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.

HCV transmission knowledge varies among opioid-dependent pregnant patients

Most opioid-dependent pregnant patients understand that intravenous drug use is a major transmission modality of HCV.

Statins may lower risk of cirrhosis decompensation in HBV and HCV

Statin use decreased rates of decompensation in patients with liver cirrhosis due to HBV and HCV infections and in patients with alcohol-induced cirrhosis.

AGA Institute releases practice update for managing patients cured of HCV infection

Patients with chronic HCV infection who have achieved a sustained virologic response with treatment may still be at risk for complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma.

Metastatic pancreatic cancer: a new clinical practice guideline

The guideline will help clinicians determine the appropriate treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.

NASEM report aims to eliminate hepatitis B and C by 2030

Aggressive testing, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods, such as needle exchange for those who inject drugs, are some of the options that the NASEM explored to target hepatitis elimination.

FDA approves first direct-acting antivirals for pediatric HCV patients

Harvoni and Sovaldi have been approved for pediatric patients with HCV genotypes.

Oral, direct-acting antivirals effective for hepatitis C virus infection

Regimens for the treatment of hepatitis C that included ribavirin had more mild or moderate adverse events than those without.

Pharmacists can help optimize care in patients with hepatitis C virus

Drug-drug interactions are common in patients taking hepatitis C virus medications, and consulting with a pharmacist can be beneficial.

High BMI in late adolescence associated with increased risk of severe liver disease in men

A high BMI is associated with an increased risk for severe liver disease, and the risk is higher in those who also have type 2 diabetes mellitus.

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.

Gluten challenge not effective for confirming non-celiac gluten sensitivity

Thirty-eight of 231 NCGS patients showed gluten-specific symptoms when completing the placebo-controlled gluten challenge.

Evaluating abnormal liver chemistries: a clinical guideline

The American College of Gastroenterology has released recommendations of preferred approaches for diagnosing and evaluating patients with abnormal liver test results.

Acute pancreatitis may reveal pancreatic cancer at earlier stage

Surgical intervention after 24.5 days of acute pancreatitis may be beneficial for reducing postoperative complications.

Personalized treatment for very early stage hepatocellular carcinoma

Investigators have proposed an algorithm to facilitate the decision-making process of clinical care for patients with very early hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hepatitis C infection linked to nonhepatic cancers among elderly patients

HCV infection is associated with cancers such as bile duct and pancreatic cancers and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty results in successful weight loss

The procedure could be used as alternative to bariatric surgery for selected patients with obesity.

HCV patients with diabetes may have increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma

Diabetes could increase the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with hepatitis C.

VA offers hepatitis, HIV screening to veterans who received improper dental care

A VA center in Wisconsin is advising veterans to be screened for hepatitis and HIV after receiving care from a dentist who did not follow VA procedures.

Novel method identifies patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Researchers described a new method to quantify hepatic fibrogenesis flux rates in the liver tissue and noninvasively in blood.

Ledipasvir-sofosbuvir treatment safe for kidney recipients with hepatitis C

Treatment for 12 or 24 weeks is safe and efficacious for kidney transplant recipients with hepatitis C virus.

Probable interaction identified between hepatitis C treatments

Researchers identified an interaction between ribavirin with paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir and dasabuvir.

More than 1 million people treated with new hepatitis C drugs

The cost of the new hepatitis C drugs in low- and certain middle-income countries is rapidly declining, according to a WHO study.

Excessive energy drink consumption leads to acute hepatitis case

A 50-year-old man presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain, nausea, jaundice, and dark urine.

Antibiotics associated with reduced mortality rate in cirrhosis patients

Timely administration of antibiotics was associated with a 30% reduction in 30 day mortality.

HBV and HCV coinfection increases non-Hodgkin risk in ART-treated HIV

Patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral treatment have a higher risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with HBV and HCV coinfection.

Liver hepatotoxicity results from herbal, dietary supplements

The ultimate goal should be to more closely regulate potentially injurious ingredients in herbal and dietary supplements.

FDA requires black box warning on HCV drugs regarding potential HBV reactivation

The FDA issues a warning about the risk of hepatitis B virus reactivation among patients taking direct-acting antivirals to treat hepatitis C infections.

Treating alcohol use disorders in patients with alcoholic liver disease

Total alcohol abstinence is the cornerstone of treatment for patients with alcohol use disorders and alcoholic liver disease.

Reducing the duration of hepatitis C therapy may be effective

Shortening the duration of HCV therapy from 12 weeks to 3 weeks could substantially reduce the cost of treatment.

Exercise reduces lipid content in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Physical Activity reduces intrahepatic lipid content and markers of hepatocellular injury in patients with NAFLD and this effect correlated with baseline body mass index.

Patients with hepatitis C prefer therapy with sofosbuvir and ribavirin

In patients with Hepatitis C, Oral treatment with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin is preferred over interferon based triple therapy.

Pancreatic cancer is most lethal pancreatic disorder worldwide

The mortality rate from pancreatic cancer is significantly higher in the American region than in the European and Western Pacific regions.

Hepatitis C virus core antigen testing is a highly accurate diagnostic tool

HCVcAg assays with signal amplification have the potential to replace NAT in settings with high HCV prevalence.

Obeticholic acid may be effective for primary biliary cholangitis

In patients with primary biliary cholangitis obeticholic acid was associated with significant decreases in alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin levels.

New hepatology rotation increases knowledge of liver disease among residents

A new hepatology rotation increased the mean comfort level for managing several liver diseases.

MRI may be useful in assessing hypovascular hepatic lesions

Researchers found significant differences on MRI between malignant and benign hypovascular lesions of the liver.

Chronic pancreatitis in women typically not related to alcohol use

Most cases of chronic pancreatitis in women are from nonalcoholic etiologies, according to researchers.

Shared drug paraphernalia linked to hep C transmission

In a study, 24% of confiscated drug snorting straws tested positive for human blood.

Direct-acting antivirals in hepatitis C do not reduce hepatocellular carcinoma occurrence

Patients previously treated for HCC have a high risk of tumor recurrence in the long term.

Conservative management of gallbladder disease before bariatric surgery is safe

At 12 months, 21.2% of patients had developed de novo gallbladder disease.

HIV viral load linked to liver fibrosis

Patients with HIV infection and elevated viral load are likely to progress to advanced hepatic fibrosis.

Epclusa approved to treat chronic hepatitis C

The combination drug treats 6 strains of chronic hepatitis C.

Obesity in male adolescents linked to cirrhosis risk

Older teen adolescents who are overweight are at an increased risk of developing liver cirrhosis later in life.

ASCO releases clinical practice guideline for pancreatic cancer

A clinical practice guideline offers recommendations on the best course of treatment for patients with potentially treatable pancreatic cancer.

Multidisciplinary approach improves outcomes in hepatitis C

Patients with hepatitis C who had a multidisciplinary team during treatment had improved outcomes.

Additional treatment not effective to treat pancreatic cancer

Median overall survival was 11.9 months in patients receiving gemcitabine plus erlotinib.

FDA approves Ocaliva to treat primary biliary cholangitis

The FDA has approved Ocaliva to treat patients with primary biliary cholangitis who have not responded or are intolerant to ursodeoxycholic acid.

Liver transplant readmissions reduced through outpatient services protocol

Patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplants were less likely to be readmitted to the hospital when treated via a specialized protocol.

Hepatitis C mortality increasing, now leading cause of death among all infectious diseases

The number of deaths associated with hepatitis C is higher than the total number of deaths resulting from 60 other infectious diseases.

Tumor recurrence is common in patients with hepatitis C, hepatocellular carcinoma

Direct-acting antivirals pose challenges in patients with hepatitis C and prior hepatocellular carcinoma

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