HIV/AIDS

HIV screening at 25 years optimal for outcomes, cost

HIV screening at 25 years optimal for outcomes, cost

For young adults without known risk factors, a one-time routine HIV screen at 25 years would optimize clinical outcomes and be cost-effective.

Over one-third of U.S. HIV patients are not vaccinated against hepatitis B

One third of HIV patients in the United States remain unvaccinated against hepatitis B.

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Combination ART may prevent progressive brain injury in HIV patients

Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

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A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir.

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

The decrease in HIV incidence in Uganda was facilitated by antiretroviral therapy, male circumcision, and adolescent abstinence.

Characteristics in transgender individuals may lead to more HIV tests

Characteristics in transgender individuals may lead to more HIV tests

More tests might be administered to transgender individuals who are female, black, or sex workers.

Dual HIV treatment provides simple, safe salvage regimen

Dual HIV treatment provides simple, safe salvage regimen

The dual combination of dolutegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir provided a simple and safe salvage therapy to suppress viral replication without metabolic impact in patients infected with HIV-1.

Hepatitis increases mortality rates in HIV patients

Hepatitis increases mortality rates in HIV patients

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Hepatitis B and hepatitis C may increase mortality risks in HIV patients.

Law upheld requiring HIV-infected adults to tell sexual partners of their status

Law upheld requiring HIV-infected adults to tell sexual partners of their status

The Ohio Supreme Court has unanimously upheld the constitutionality of a law requiring HIV-infected individuals to tell their sexual partners of their illness.

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women at risk for HIV

CDC updates contraception recommendations for women at risk for HIV

The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.

Antiretroviral therapy resistance increasing in HIV treatment

Antiretroviral therapy resistance increasing in HIV treatment

Resistance to ART is threatening the recent gains of treatment in the rate of new HIV infections.

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not receiving care

More than half of women receiving a new HIV diagnosis have already received this diagnosis in the past but are not undergoing HIV medical care.

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

HIV care outcomes low for Hispanics and Latinos

Infection was diagnosed at an early stage for fewer males with infection attributed to heterosexual contact vs male-to-male sexual contact.

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Virological response, efficacy, noninferiority, and tolerability were tested for bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in patients with HIV.

Chronic pain management in HIV: Updated recommendations

Chronic pain management in HIV: Updated recommendations

The HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America recommends that people living with HIV be screened for pain and offered both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment options.

Notification rates of HIV diagnoses increased in 16 European countries

Notification rates of HIV diagnoses increased in 16 European countries

In 16 countries, notification rates for new HIV diagnoses in older adults increased significantly, clustering in central and eastern European countries.

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide was well tolerated in children and maintained high virological suppression.

Vitamin D supplements may improve bone health in HIV-infected youth

Vitamin D supplements may improve bone health in HIV-infected youth

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High-dose vitamin D supplements improve bone mineral density in youth with HIV.

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

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Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and <i>T pallidum</i> infections

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and T pallidum infections

The findings shed new light on the applicability of smartphone-based electronic readers in point-of-care testing.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

Sexually risky behavior more common in women with mental disorders than in men

Sexually risky behavior more common in women with mental disorders than in men

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Women with mental illness engage in significantly more sexually risky behaviors than men, and personality risk scores are a significant predictor of total sex acts for women but not men.

Offering rapid HIV testing to patients increases overall testing rate in the emergency department

Offering rapid HIV testing to patients increases overall testing rate in the emergency department

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Rapid HIV testing offered in parallel to patient-clinician consultations increases the testing rate in the emergency department.

WHO releases new guidelines in response to pretreatment HIV drug resistance

WHO releases new guidelines in response to pretreatment HIV drug resistance

The new guidelines address the issue of how to manage pretreatment HIV drug resistance in countries where the prevalence of is 10% or higher.

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

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A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.

Injectable antiretroviral therapy for as HIV effective as oral medications

Injectable antiretroviral therapy for as HIV effective as oral medications

The investigators found that after 32 weeks, HIV remained suppressed in 91% percent of those taking the drugs orally, 94% of those receiving monthly injections, and 95% of patients receiving injections every two months.

Blood-borne viruses more common in patients with severe mental illness

Blood-borne viruses more common in patients with severe mental illness

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HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more common among individuals with severe mental illness.

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

WHO updates Essential Medicines List, recommendations for antibiotics

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The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

Early antiretroviral therapy initiation linked to bone loss in HIV patients

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Early antiretroviral therapy initiation may increase the rate of bone loss in HIV patients.

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