HIV/AIDS Information Center Feature Archive

Initiating antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients with CD4 T-cell counts >500 cells/mcL

Initiating antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients with CD4 T-cell counts >500 cells/mcL

Recommendations for initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in asymptomatic adults with HIV are generally based on CD4 T-cell counts.

Obtaining a sexual
 history in MSM

Obtaining a sexual
 history in MSM

Understanding the nontraditional terminology used by men who have sex with men will help form a successful patient-provider relationship.

Rebuilding health infrastructure in war-torn South Sudan

Rebuilding health infrastructure in war-torn South Sudan

Health tutor David Manana heads the Clinical Officer training program at the Maridi Health Sciences Institute.

A New Jersey nurse practitioner fights HIV in Africa

A New Jersey nurse practitioner fights HIV in Africa

Deborah Winters, NP, used skills she learned in the United States to help create the Ethiopia HIV/ART Nurse Specialist (HANS) Training Program Evaluation.

Treating the older adult with HIV

Treating the older adult with HIV

Clinicians need to be prepared for the unique challenges presented by the growing number of older patients with HIV.

HAART meds: Implications for the older adult patient

HAART meds: Implications for the older adult patient

Patients infected with HIV are living longer, which means they have more age-related comorbidities that require other medications as well.

Lab worker stabbed with dirty needle

Lab worker stabbed with dirty needle

Was the staff at fault for not warning that the patient was HIV-positive and had hepatitis C?

Treating HIV infection in primary care

Treating HIV infection in primary care

Much has changed since the first case of AIDS was identified. Updated guidelines discuss transmission, diagnosis, risk screening, and adherence.

HIV: Make the diagnosis and take the next step

HIV: Make the diagnosis and take the next step

With the CDC urging screening for all willing patients, providers will be testing and managing a growing number of HIV-positive individuals.

Fever and abdominal pain in a middle-aged man with HIV

Susceptible to a wide variety of pathogens, the patient had symptoms of an acute infection.

Mistaken diagnosis in HIV case

A physician is drawn into malpractice litigation over the management of his first patient who tested HIV-positive.

Contact dermatitis in an HIV-positive patient

Contact dermatitis in an HIV-positive patient

Is it appropriate to administer a short course of an oral corticosteroid to treat a contact dermatitis that becomes systemic in an HIV-positive patient?

HIV screening: Just another routine test?

Why is HIV testing so different from other types of routine screening?

Test results send youth into a tailspin

With two positive ELISAs, an NP sees no need to ask for help in evaluating analyses to diagnose HIV.

Precautions with an HIV-positive partner

What treatment is available for an asymptomatic patient whose partner has tested positive for HIV?

Intelence- New drug for patients with HIV-1 infection

Indication: HIV-1 infection, in combination with other antiretrovirals, in treatment-experienced adults with evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistant to a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) and other antiretrovirals.

Isentress- Agent targets viral replication in HIV patients

Indication: HIV-1 infection, in combination with other antiretrovirals, in treatment-experienced adults with evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistant to multiple antiretrovirals.

How to recognize and prevent HIV infections

Even though HIV is preventable, about 40,000 Americans are newly infected every year. Primary-care clinicians can help reduce that number.

Selzentry- Antiretroviral slows advance of HIV

Indication: HIV-1 infection in treatment-experienced adults infected with only CCR5-tropic HIV-1 detectable, who have evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistant to multiple antiretrovirals.

Male circumcision lowers risk for HIV infection

Three randomized trials in Africa evaluated the effect of male circumcision on HIV infection rates.

Inform consultant about patient's AIDS?

One of my patients, who has AIDS, suffered an MI while traveling. The consulting cardiologist's admission history and subsequent follow-up clinic notes made no mention of the AIDS. If my patient failed to disclose his AIDS status, am I obligated to inform this consultant?—Name withheld

Prezista- Another new agent for HIV infection

Indication: With ritonavir: for treating HIV infection in antiretroviral treatment-experienced adult patients, in combination with other antiretroviral agents.

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