What are effective evidence-based practices for preventing suicide?Sharon Valente, PhD, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN, Los Angeles

A systematic review was published by JAMA in 2005 evaluating 93 studies on suicide prevention using the following factors: physician education in depression recognition and treatment; restricting access to lethal methods; screening tools for the at-risk individual; treatment of psychiatric disorders; and responsible media reporting of suicide1. Physician education and restricting access were found to have significant data to support their effectiveness. The remaining factors had mixed results and need more research.—Claire O’Connell, MPH, PA-C


  1. Mann JJ, Apter A, Bertolote J, et al. Suicide prevention strategies: a systematic review. JAMA. 2005;294[16]:2064-2074

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