Among children and teenagers, the incidence of diabetes is rising, according to a new study. The highest rates of type 1 diabetes occur in non-Hispanic whites, while the highest rates of pre-adult type 2 diabetes occur in minorities.

The findings come from a multicenter study of 2,435 children and teenagers newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2002 or 2003. The study was presented at a media briefing in New York City and appeared in JAMA (2007;297:2716-2724).

The overall incidence of diabetes in those under age 20 years is 24.3 per 100,000 person-years. Diabetes of both types is highest in white youths (26.1 per 100,000 per year) and lowest in Asian/Pacific Islander youths (16.7).

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