(HealthDay News) — An average 6.1 million clinician visits in 2012 to 2013 were made by children aged 4 to 17 with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a January data brief published by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

The number represents 6% of all children’s visits to a clinician in 2013, senior author Jill Ashman, PhD, a statistician with the NCHS, told HealthDay. The percentage has increased from a decade earlier, when 4% of clinician visits were related to ADHD, she said.

The ADHD visit rate was more than twice as high for boys as for girls. Boys visited a clinician at a rate of 147 per 1,000, compared with 62 per 1,000 for girls. Forty-eight percent of visits for ADHD by children were with pediatricians. Thirty-six percent were with psychiatrists and 12% were with family clinicians. The authors note that 29% of ADHD visits also included diagnosis of an additional mental health disorder. These included episodic mood disorder and anxiety.

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Eight out of 10 clinician visits for ADHD resulted in a prescription for a central nervous system stimulant drug, including methylphenidate, dexmethylphenidate, and amphetamine/dextroamphetamine. The study was intended to assess the amount of child health care directed to ADHD, and does not speak to whether the disorder is being overtreated or undertreated, Ashman said.


  1. Albert M, Rui P, Ashman JJ. Physician office visits for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents aged 4-17 years: United States, 2012-2013. NCHS Data Brief, no 269. 2017.