Results from an umbrella review of observational studies showed highly suggestive or suggestive evidence for HIV and the presence of several physical health outcomes.
Focusing on interventions that address high-risk sexual behaviors and injection practices may reduce HIV transmission rates among individuals who are HIV-positive and inject drugs.
Evidence on intervention effectiveness in improving uptake and retention of mothers and infants in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission care in HIV regimens is lacking.
Lower CD4 count, nonsuppressed viral load linked to higher risk for sudden cardiac death in HIV with heart failure.
Elderly patients with HIV who have cancer, and specifically breast and prostate cancer, may have worse outcomes when compared with elderly patients without HIV with cancer.
Autopsy data trends include increase in prevalence of atherosclerosis, drop in opportunistic infections.
Investigators analyzed the relationship between HIV, hepatitis C virus, and peripheral artery disease in women.
HIV stigma may contribute to African American women in the United States being more likely to experience poor HIV-related health outcomes.
In women with HIV and diabetes mellitus, CD4+ lymphocytes may contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Prevalence of nonadherence increased from preadolescence to late adolescence/young adulthood.
CDC report calls for increased HIV screening to reduce new infections.
Benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants related to serious falls in people living with HIV.
Thirteen percent of PrEP-eligible men who have sex with men live in 30-minute-drive deserts.
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome occurs commonly in infants and young children with HIV initiating ART in countries with a high prevalence of HIV and TB.
Cell-associated HIV DNA identified in CSF in nearly half of participants, tied to worse neurocognitive outcomes.
When comparing hormonal contraceptive methods, particularly IM depot medroxyprogesterone acetate with an IUD and a levonorgestrel implant, there was no substantial difference in HIV risk among African women.
Algorithms use data from EHRs to identify candidates for preexposure prophylaxis.
The novel Fujifilm SILVAMP TB LAM assay offers superior diagnostic sensitivity while also maintaining specificity, compared with standard assay.
In the 50 local jurisdictions with concentration of most new HIV infections, testing was 46.9%.
Despite ART, children with HIV have a high incidence of cardiac abnormalities, with only a minority of cases being transient in nature.