Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as abnormalities of kidney structure or function, present for >3 months, with implications for health . CKD is common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected persons, has many potential underlying etiologies, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
These guidelines for the management of CKD in patients infected with HIV are an update of the 2005 version , designed to identify clinically relevant management questions, summarize pertinent data from clinical studies, and offer recommendations for clinical care. The scope of this document is CKD in HIV-infected adults and children in the United States. The guidelines do not address screening, evaluation, or management of HIV-related kidney disease in resource-constrained settings
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