HealthDay News — Nearly 400 potential organ donors with HIV in the United States could donate organs each year to HIV-positive people waiting for transplants, according to a study in the American Journal of Transplantation.

Currently, about 123,000 people are waiting for organ transplants in the United States. Fewer than 12,000 people received organ transplants between January and May 2014, according to a University of Pennsylvania news release.

In November 2013, a law called the HIV Organ Policy Equity Act (HOPE Act) lifted the ban on organ donations from one HIV-positive person to another. It remains illegal to transplant organs from HIV-positive people to patients without HIV. No known organ transplants from HIV-positive donors to HIV-positive recipients have taken place since the HOPE Act took effect, according to the researchers.

“The National Institutes of Health are writing guidelines to oversee implementation of the HOPE Act, so we expect to see the first transplants occur sometime thereafter,” Aaron Richterman, of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, said in the news release.


  1. Richeterman A et al. American Journal of Transplantation. 2015; doi: doi: 10.1111/ajt.13308.