HealthDay News — The cumulative incidence of COVID-19 is 403.6 cases per 100,000 persons in the United States, and hospitalization and death rates are 6 and 12 times higher, respectively, for those with underlying conditions, according to research published in the early-release issue of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Erin K. Stokes, MPH, from the CDC COVID-19 Emergency Response, and colleagues present demographic characteristics, underlying health conditions, symptoms, and outcomes among 1,320,488 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases reported to the CDC during Jan. 22 to May 30, 2020.
The researchers found that the cumulative incidence was 403.6 cases per 100,000 persons and was similar for males and females (401.1 and 406.0, respectively). Incidence was highest among those aged ≥80 years (902.0). Of the 599,636 cases with known information, 33%, 22%, and 1.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race (Hispanic), non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, respectively. The most common underlying health conditions among 287,320 cases with sufficient data were cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and chronic lung disease (32%, 30%, and 18%, respectively). Fourteen percent of patients were hospitalized and 2% were admitted to an intensive care unit; 5% died. Hospitalizations and deaths were higher for patients reporting an underlying condition compared with those without (45.4% vs 7.6% and 19.5% vs 1.6%, respectively).
“National case surveillance findings provide important information for targeted enhanced surveillance efforts and development of interventions critical to the US COVID-19 response,” the authors write.