HIV during the perinatal period in the US have declined over recent decades, but its prevalence rates in female adults and adolescents continues to rise.
There may be a small benefit to labor induction in low-risk woman at 41 weeks vs expectant management, though the chances of a good perinatal outcome are high with both strategies.
Long-term use of systemic hormone replacement therapy may slightly increase the risk of developing Alzheimer disease.
As dyspareunia may cause distress or interpersonal conflict between women and their partners, healthcare providers should routinely ask about discomfort during intercourse, especially in menopausal patients.
The risk of stillbirth is increased in women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy when serum bile acids concentrations are ≥100 µmol/L or more.
Pregnant women are frequently not screened for maternal hyperlipidemia.
Assuming causality, 22% of SUIDs directly attributed to maternal smoking during pregnancy.
Compared with liquid-based cytology, routine primary hrHPV screening better detected cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse and cervical cancer.
Annual relapse rate 0.39 before pregnancy, dropped during pregnancy, rebounded by four to six months.
Menopause symptoms are associated with chronic pain among midlife female veterans.
Adolescents with atypical anorexia nervosa have higher bone mass density on average than adolescents with anorexia nervosa, but still experience significant deficits in fat mass index.
Gestational insomnia is associated with anxiety symptoms, both during pregnancy and after childbirth.
In postmenopausal women, low optimism, high negative emotional expressiveness, and hostility are associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
One-third of primary care providers (PCPs) report participating in breast cancer treatment decisions.
Postmenopausal women were recruited from the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study to analyze the relationship between perceived social support and CVD or all-cause mortality.
PCR screening for group B Streptococcus at the onset of labor is associated with a decreased rate of early-onset GBS and antibiotic use in newborns.
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for women at increased risk for carrying a BRCA1/2 mutation as well as genetic counseling and testing as indicated for those screening positive.
Among postmenopausal women, consumption of artificially sweetened beverages is associated with an increased risk for stroke, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality.
The US Preventive Services Task Force concluded that providing or referring pregnant or postpartum women to counseling has a moderate net benefit in preventing perinatal depression.
For both delivery and postpartum stroke, black women were found to be at an increased risk compared with white women.