HealthDay News — For adult outpatients, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with better pain scores and better global assessments, according to a review published online in the journal of the Canadian Medical Association (CMAJ).

Matthew Choi, MD, MPH, from McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and colleagues compared codeine and NSAIDs for postoperative pain in outpatient surgery in a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The patient pain score, converted to a standard 10-point intensity scale, was the primary outcome. Data were included for 40 studies, with 102 trial arms and 5,116 patients.

The researchers found that NSAIDs were associated with better pain scores at 6 and 12 hours (weighted mean differences, 0.93 and 0.79 points, respectively) compared with codeine. At 6 hours, stronger NSAID superiority was seen in trials where acetaminophen was coadministered at equivalent doses between the groups (weighted mean difference, 1.18). Better global assessments were seen at 6 hours and at 24 hours in association with NSAIDs (weighted mean differences, −0.88 and −0.67, respectively). In addition, NSAIDs were associated with fewer adverse effects, including bleeding events.

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“These findings strengthen existing evidence and are broadly generalizable to patients across surgical disciplines,” the authors wrote. “Further studies should assess the comparative effectiveness of other nonopioid analgesics, and test these findings in other populations and settings.”

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