Duration-dependent beneficial effects of metformin, sulfonylurea, and thiazolidinedione use on COPD exacerbation have been observed in patients with COPD and diabetes.
Black patients have higher frequency of occult hypoxemia that is not detected by pulse oximetry compared with White patients.
Late-diagnosed asthma was identified as the most independent significant risk factor for non-remission in patients with asthma.
In 2018, the FDA granted accelerated approval to Opdivo for SCLC based on data from the phase 1/2 CheckMate -032 trial.
Smoking is consistently seen as a risk for various cancers, and in recent years it has been connected to colorectal cancer in particular.
Triple therapy with budesonide/glycopyrrolate/formoterol fumarate may reduce the risk of death compared with glycopyrrolate/formoterol fumarate in patients with COPD.
Prescription of asthma medications before and during pregnancy is associated with increased prevalence of adverse perinatal outcomes.
Expert consensus statements regarding the use and tapering of oral corticosteroids may be used to help inform treatment in clinical practice and to optimize the management of patients with severe asthma.
Smoking increases the metabolism of clonidine through the CYP1A2, which may require the dose to be doubled to have the same plasma concentration as a non-smoker.
There is rising interest in alternative pain treatment regimens that could reduce opioid use and complications associated with pain,
Use of any and combined hormonal contraceptives is associated with a reduction in the risk for severe asthma exacerbation.
The effects of positive end expiratory pressure in COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are similar to those reported in classical ARDS.
Adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who were also obese had worse disease-specific health-related quality of life compared to patients of normal weight.
Approximately one-third of people who use e-cigarettes or other electronic nicotine delivery systems were found to experience associated symptoms of lung injury.
Cannabis users were found to have higher rates of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and recurrent AMI compared with nonusers.
Study authors assessed the relationship between children living in contact with sputum smear-positive tuberculosis patients on DOTS and children getting infected with tuberculosis or tubercular infection.
Nurse practitioners (NPs) executed a 5-step vaccination program for homeless individuals in Miami-Dade County to help reduce the spread of infectious diseases.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who have higher levels of HbA1c are at increased risk for hospital admission for acute exacerbations.
Researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with COPD who were hospitalized and mechanically ventilated.
Switching from non-extra fine multi-inhaler triple therapy to single-inhaler extra-fine inhaled triple therapy improved regional ventilation to the small airways in patients with COPD.