The authors examined 3 hypotheses: internalized stigma would be a stronger predictor of barriers to seeking mental health care than perceived stigma, alienation would be a stronger predictor of barriers than other components, and depression severity would modify the relationship of depression stigma and barriers to care.
Researchers used patient databases to investigate the association between obesity treatment interventions with a dietary component and the change in symptoms of depression and anxiety in pediatric patients who were overweight or obese.
Surprising dietary findings show Japanese patients with psoriasis had higher BMI, lower intake of meat, and higher intake of seafood, sugar/sweeteners, vitamin D and vitamin B12, challenging long-held nutritional beliefs.
Within each of the 3 trajectory groups at high risk for psychosis, similar patterns of change were observed across the 4 symptom domains and functioning, suggestive of different degrees of need for clinical interventions.
Higher rates of hopelessness, loneliness, anhedonia, social anxiety, and younger age were highly correlated with suicidal ideation in patients with major depressive disorder, based on a review of qualitative data.
In Brazil, researchers assessed blood serum identified with the use of proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in an effort to differentiate individuals with psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Sleep abnormalities are common in schizophrenia, often even before psychosis onset, but the mechanisms behind this are unclear; therefore, researchers analyzed a possible link between genetic risk for schizophrenia and sleep phenotypes.
For both patients with ulcerative colitis and those with Crohn disease, psychiatric diagnoses were more common in those who were elderly (greater than 65 years old), women, and white, and those with psychiatric conditions more frequently had a history of alcohol abuse, tobacco and substance abuse, personality disorder, and corticosteroid use.
Social needs — including food, housing, utilities, transportation — and exposure to interpersonal violence are well known to be linked to health outcomes. In fact, up to 90% of health outcomes are a result of social, behavioral, and economic factors.1 However, few hospitals or practices screen patients comprehensively for the aforementioned factors that affect health…
Researchers examined the prevalence of HIV drug resistance patterns among HIV-infected infants using 3 nationally representative surveys in South Africa that evaluated the effectiveness of national programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.