A panel of experts is calling for a convergence of biomedical and behavioral medical innovations in HIV prevention, citing that clinicians need to take a greater role in prevention and treatment services, according to an editorial published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

“Clinicians should be alert to the possibility of acute HIV infection and promptly pursue diagnostic testing if suspected,” wrote Jeanne M. Marrazzo, MD, MPH, of the University of Washington in Seattle.

Combining preventive services like preexposure prophylaxis and risk-factor counseling in high-risk patients may help reduce the spread of HIV in American patients, according to the researchers.

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The Clinical Advisor put together this guide to help clinicians gauge the latest recommendations from the United States Preventive Task Force on biomedical and behavioral strategies that primary-care providers can use to identify at-risk patients.