HealthDay News — The prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes has increased among youths in the United States, according to researchers.
“Youth with diabetes will enter adulthood with several years of disease duration, difficulty in treatment, an increased risk of early complications, and increased frequency of diabetes during reproductive years, which may further increase diabetes in the next generation,” wrote Dana Dabelea, MD, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
After examining changes in the prevalence of type 1 among U.S. kids aged 0 to 19 years and type 2 diabetes in kids aged 10 to 19 years from 2001 to 2009, researchers noted a 21.1% increase in type 1 diabetes and a 30.5% increase in type 2 diabetes after adjustments for completeness of ascertainment.
Occurrence of type 1 diabetes increased from 1.48 to 1.93 per 1,000 from 2001 to 2009. The prevalence was highest among white youth (2.55 per 1,000) and lowest in Native American youth (0.35 per 1,000).
For type 2 diabetes, the prevalence increased from 0.34 to 0.46 per 1,000 from 2001 to 2009. The prevalence was highest among Native American youth (1.20 per 1,000) and lowest among white youth (0.17 per 1,000).
“Understanding changes in prevalence according to population subgroups is important to inform clinicians about care that will be needed for the pediatric population living with diabetes and may provide direction for other studies designed to determine the causes of the observed changes,” wrote the researchers.
One author disclosed financial ties to Merck