HealthDay News — Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to research published in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.
To examine the correlation between SSB intake and risk of type 2 diabetes, Meng Wang, of the Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Hangzhou, China, and colleagues, conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Using a random-effects model, the pooled relative risks for highest versus lowest category of SSBs were estimated.
The pooled effect estimate of SSBs for type 2 diabetes was 1.30. On stratification by geographic region of the studies, the pooled effect estimates were 1.34 in Asia; 1.30 in the United States; and 1.29 in Europe. The pooled effect estimates were 1.26 and 1.38 with and without adjustment for body mass index (BMI).
“Our findings suggested that sugar-sweetened beverages intake was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and the association was attenuated by adjustment for BMI,” wrote the researchers.
“Specifically, the associations were also found significant positive in the United States and Europe.”