HealthDay News — Unhealthy dietary behaviors are associated with refractory functional dyspepsia, according to research published in the Journal of Digestive Diseases.

To determine the correlation between dietary behavior with refractory functional dyspepsia (RFD) and its subtypes, Shu Man Jiang, from the Guangzhou Medical University in Meizhou, China, and colleagues examined medical records for 1,341 patients with functional dyspepsia, including 327 patients with RFD and 1,014 with non-RFD (NRFD), and 100 healthy volunteers were included as controls. Dietary behaviors were assessed using a questionnaire survey.

The prevalence of unhealthy dietary behaviors was higher among RFD and NRFD compared with healthy controls, found the investigators. Patients with RFD more often skipped meals, ate extra meals, and had a preference for sweet food and gas-producing food. Patients with RFD-epigstric pain syndrome (EPS) preferred spicy food, while patients with postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) preferred sweet and gas-producing food, compared with those with NRFD.

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“Unhealthy dietary behaviors, especially skipping meals, eating extra meals, and a preference to sweet food and gas-producing food, were correlated with RFD and its subtypes,” concluded the study authors.