HealthDay News — Patients with stressful jobs may be at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to researchers.
“The status of psychosocial stress at work as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes is unclear because existing evidence is based on small studies and is subject to confounding by lifestyle factors, such as obesity and physical inactivity,” explained Solja T. Nyberg, of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in Helsinki, and colleagues in Diabetes Care.
To assess the association between job strain and risk of incident type 2 diabetes, the investigators conducted a pooled analysis of data for 124,808 patients free of diabetes at baseline.
Patients with job strain, compared with those without job strain, had an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, found the inspectors after multivariable adjustment, (hazard ratio, 1.15; 95% CI: 1.06-1.25 for males (HR, 1.19; 95% CI: 1.06-1.34) and females (HR, 1.13; 95% CI: 1.00-1.28). Stratified analysis showed that job strain was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes among those with healthy and unhealthy lifestyle habits.
“Job strain is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes in men and women independent of lifestyle factors,” wrote the researchers.
Disclosures: Two study authors have received income for other work related to job stress.