Infectious Disease

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

WHO: Vaccine Hesitancy a Major Global Health Threat

Percentage of US children 19 to 35 months who have not been vaccinated has quadrupled since 2001.

GI Illness, Hospitalization Increase, Symptom Reports Decrease Among Older Adults

GI Illness, Hospitalization Increase, Symptom Reports Decrease Among Older Adults

By

The number of enteric infection symptom reports was found to decrease with age, although older adults tend to have more severe illness and require hospitalization.

FDA Fast-Tracks Novel Oral Antibiotic for <i>C. difficile</i> Infection

FDA Fast-Tracks Novel Oral Antibiotic for C. difficile Infection

By

The investigational drug is currently in Phase 1 development, with completion expected in the second quarter of 2019.

Prevalence of Anogenital Warts Declining Across Populations

Prevalence of Anogenital Warts Declining Across Populations

The prevalence of anogenital warts has decreased, with significant declines observed in specific populations.

Giardiasis Linked With Prolonged Alteration of Lymphocytes in Duodenal Mucosa

Giardiasis Linked With Prolonged Alteration of Lymphocytes in Duodenal Mucosa

Chronic infection with Giardia was associated with prolonged alterations in duodenal mucosa lymphocytes.

Tuberculosis Detection May Be Affected by Blood Draw Method

Tuberculosis Detection May Be Affected by Blood Draw Method

Tuberculosis screening results may differ depending on blood draw methods.

CDC: Flu Cases Hit 7 Million in the United States

CDC: Flu Cases Hit 7 Million in the United States

Half of this number went to a doctor, while 69,000 to 84,000 people have been hospitalized.

Breast Milk Pasteurization Prevents Postnatal CMV Transmission

Breast Milk Pasteurization Prevents Postnatal CMV Transmission

Short-term pasteurization of breast milk may reduce the incidence of postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus infection through breast milk.

FDA: Chocolates, Candies May Be Contaminated With Hepatitis A

FDA: Chocolates, Candies May Be Contaminated With Hepatitis A

Worker at Bauer's Candies facility in Kentucky tested positive for hepatitis A.

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g.

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

Measles Outbreak in New York State Largest in Recent History

There has been an increase in measles cases across the United States and worldwide.

Resistance to Clarithromycin, Metronidazole Affects <i>H pylori</i> Eradication

Resistance to Clarithromycin, Metronidazole Affects H pylori Eradication

Minimum inhibitory concentration levels of resistance to either clarithromycin or metronidazole may play a role in Helicobacter pylori therapy outcome.

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

USPSTF Affirms Guidance for Hep B Screening at First Prenatal Visit

Evidence convincing that universal prenatal screening reduces perinatal transmission of HBV.

Nine Cases of Wound Botulism Identified in Injection Drug Users

Nine Cases of Wound Botulism Identified in Injection Drug Users

All patients used injection drugs; 7 reported using black tar heroin and 6 practiced skin popping.

Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

Flu Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD Patients

Flu-positive patients have higher crude mortality and critical illness vs flu-negative patients.

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22% in developing countries.

Case Study: Fever and Headache in an Adolescent Boy

Case Study: Fever and Headache in an Adolescent Boy

By

A 13-year-old boy is sent to the emergency department for evaluation of fever and headache that have been present for approximately 1 week.

College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Disease

College Students at Increased Risk for SgB Meningococcal Disease

Students, parents, health care providers should be aware of the availability of MenB vaccines.

Prenatal Malaria Exposure Modulates Innate Immune Responses at Birth

Prenatal Malaria Exposure Modulates Innate Immune Responses at Birth

Placental malaria has a profound effect on the fetal immune system, and prenatal malaria exposure categories may drive heterogeneity to malaria susceptibility.

Voriconazole-Resistant Invasive Aspergillosis Associated With Higher Mortality

Voriconazole-Resistant Invasive Aspergillosis Associated With Higher Mortality

Patients with voriconazole-resistant invasive aspergillosis have a higher mortality rate compared with patients with voriconazole-susceptible infection.

Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment Does Not Reduce Late Miscarriages, Preterm Birth

Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment Does Not Reduce Late Miscarriages, Preterm Birth

No evidence for reduction in risk for late miscarriage or spontaneous preterm birth as a result of screening and treatment for bacterial vaginosis.

Zoliflodacin: Promising New Treatment for Urogenital Gonorrhea

Zoliflodacin: Promising New Treatment for Urogenital Gonorrhea

Zoliflodacin was effective in treating gonococcal urogenital and rectal infections, but less effective in the treatment of pharyngeal gonorrhea.

Dual Injection Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Synthetic DNA Vaccines Are Protective

Dual Injection Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Synthetic DNA Vaccines Are Protective

A simple intradermalanti-Ebola DNA vaccine may generate strong immunogenicity and induce long-term immune responses in nonhuman primates.

Three New Ebola Vaccines Demonstrate Persistent Immune Response

Three New Ebola Vaccines Demonstrate Persistent Immune Response

The immunogenicity generated by 3 experimental Ebola vaccines appears to be long-lasting, as it has persisted for at least 2.5 years.

Genotype G Linked With Liver Fibrosis in Hepatitis B-HIV Coinfection

Genotype G Linked With Liver Fibrosis in Hepatitis B-HIV Coinfection

Investigators sought to determine the association between liver fibrosis and hepatitis B virus genotype G in patients with comorbid HIV and HBV.

Patients May Become Immune to Botulinum Toxin Treatments

Patients May Become Immune to Botulinum Toxin Treatments

Findings seen among people with dystonia or spasticity treated with botulinum toxin type A.

Tap Water in Neti Pot Linked to Death From Brain-Eating Amoeba

Tap Water in Neti Pot Linked to Death From Brain-Eating Amoeba

Amoeba entered the upper nasal cavity and then the bloodstream, eventually reaching the brain.

Updated Recommendations, Hepatitis A Vaccine Postexposure Prophylaxis and Travel

Updated Recommendations, Hepatitis A Vaccine Postexposure Prophylaxis and Travel

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Hepatitis Vaccines Work Group has updated recommendations for hepatitis A vaccination for PEP and PrEP.

2012 to 2016 Saw Increase in Syphilis Among Pregnant Women

2012 to 2016 Saw Increase in Syphilis Among Pregnant Women

Overall, 49% of pregnant women with syphilis did not report any of 15 risk factors.

Pregnant Women Commonly Refuse Vaccines

Pregnant Women Commonly Refuse Vaccines

Providers believe stressing fetal protection is most effective strategy against refusal.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters