Infectious Diseases

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Cardiac surgery during flu season linked to ARDS

Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Opioid use increases risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Opioid use increases risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

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The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

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The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.

Pediatrician recommended tips to prevent flu in children

Pediatrician recommended tips to prevent flu in children

These tips, recommended by pediatrician Shilpa Patel, MD, include keeping children home from school if they develop flu-like symptoms and monitoring your child's reaction to a fever.

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

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Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

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Influenza infections are independently compartmentalized in the upper and lower airways.

Glucocorticoid treatment ineffective for reducing sepsis-related mortality

Glucocorticoid treatment ineffective for reducing sepsis-related mortality

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Hydrocortisone treatment does not effectively reduce mortality in sepsis.

Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine

Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine

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The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.

Over one-third of U.S. HIV patients are not vaccinated against hepatitis B

One third of HIV patients in the United States remain unvaccinated against hepatitis B.

CDC investigating <i>E. coli</i> outbreak in 13 states

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

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An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

HIV infection to diagnosis time decreasing

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A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for lung cancer may successfully deplete HIV reservoirs

Nivolumab treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer may induce successful depletion of HIV reservoir.

Human papillomavirus in males

Human papillomavirus in males

The importance of male vaccination cannot be overemphasized, because the risk of male-to-female HPV transmission is significant.

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

Healthcare system fires 50 employees for refusing influenza vaccination

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A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.

Proposed pneumonia vaccine provides universal pneumococcal disease prevention

Proposed pneumonia vaccine provides universal pneumococcal disease prevention

A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.

Combination antibiotic treatment beneficial for community-acquired pneumonia

Combination antibiotic treatment beneficial for community-acquired pneumonia

A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

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The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.

Updated hepatitis C recommendations include kidney transplant, pregnant patients

Updated hepatitis C recommendations include kidney transplant, pregnant patients

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The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America have added updates to the hepatitis C guidelines to include kidney transplant, pregnant, and pediatric patients.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

Half of adults with work-related asthma receive pneumococcal vaccination

Half of adults with work-related asthma receive pneumococcal vaccination

The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Single-tablet HIV treatment superior to standard therapy

Virological response, efficacy, noninferiority, and tolerability were tested for bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in patients with HIV.

CDC: US cases of STDs exceed 2 million

CDC: US cases of STDs exceed 2 million

According to the report, 1.6 million cases were chlamydia, and there were 470,000 cases of gonorrhea and almost 28,000 primary and secondary syphilis cases.

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

Clinical practice guideline for antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with HIV

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Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and <i>T pallidum</i> infections

Smartphone-based electronic reader reliable for point-of-care tests in HIV and T pallidum infections

The findings shed new light on the applicability of smartphone-based electronic readers in point-of-care testing.

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.

Newer influenza diagnostic tests more accurate than traditional tests

Newer influenza diagnostic tests more accurate than traditional tests

Digital immunoassays and rapid nucleic acid amplification tests have higher sensitivities for detecting influenza than rapid influenza diagnostic tests.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

CDC releases updated influenza vaccine recommendations for 2017-2018

CDC releases updated influenza vaccine recommendations for 2017-2018

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The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has released the guidelines for the 2017-2018 season.

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