Expert panel recommends 5 action steps for treating opioid abuse and its intersecting epidemics.
Increased suicide risk with one, two, and three or more medical contacts for traumatic brain injury.
Proportion achieving target BP increased with use of triple combo pill vs usual care at 6 months.
Intervention group had greater reduction in condomless sex acts vs standard of care group.
Drowning is leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children aged 1 to 4 years.
In a move that shocked world health officials, the Trump administration indicated its opposition to a resolution intended to encourage breastfeeding among new mothers
Investigators examined the relationship between menstrual cycle characteristics in adolescence and early adulthood and the risk for early natural menopause.
No substantive or significant associations between HPV legislation and adolescent sexual behaviors.
Increased dementia risk for those with abstinence or with drinking 14 units alcohol/week in midlife.
Presence of discrimination, the silent witness, effectiveness of leadership can help assess inclusion.
However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.
Men had larger reductions in metabolic syndrome Z-score, C-peptide, fat mass, heart rate.
A low-literacy, pain self-management program delivered one-on-one by a health educator or in groups with lectures from experts over a period of 6 months may improve chronic pain outcomes.
A systematic literature review, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, found no evidence supporting a benefit to antibacterial therapy for osteomyelitis in patients with stage IV sacral pressure ulcers.
There are 14 states that perform a routine second screening in infants at approximately 2 weeks of age.
Short intervention associated with more sunscreen use, improved patient satisfaction.
Physicians weigh in on the need to develop a screening strategy.
Benefit seen for adoption of healthy lifestyle even after T2DM diagnosis made.
Most have potential surrogates for decision making but have not discussed or documented ACP wishes.
Underinsured and never insured adults more likely to report poor/fair health.
Close to one-third of sexually active HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) have not received syphilis screening in the past 12 months.
Immunization with Tdap vaccine during pregnancy results in higher levels of antibodies early in infancy but lower levels after the primary vaccine series.
However, increased vitamin D levels in early pregnancy not correlated with reduced pregnancy loss.
Findings independent of offsprings' views on religious importance.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.
AMA House of Delegates has adopted policy to study, act for, advocate gender equity in medicine.
No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy
A follow-up study from KEEPS found that cessation of menopausal hormone therapy did not change the expected trajectory of carotid artery intima-media thickness over a 3-year period.
Many children born to mothers with Zika infection do not undergo all recommended assessments.
Monitoring non-fatal overdose events from EMS data may aid in developing emergency response.
Does Bipolar I Disorder Effect the Course of Conduct/Antisocial Personality Disorders in Adolescents?
Adolescents with bipolar I disorder whose symptoms are in remission are significantly less likely to experience conduct disorder or antisocial personality disorder.
It is critical for us to remember that children are not little adults. Pediatric-onset diabetes is different from adult-onset diabetes due to its distinct epidemiology, pathophysiology, developmental considerations, and response to therapy.
Greater light, moderate-to-vigorous intensity activity tied to more favorable profile in adults age 60 to 64.
Legumes, coffee, tea tied to cardiovascular benefits; added sugars, energy drinks linked to harmful effects.
Findings seen across spectrum of care -- outpatient, emergency department, inpatient.
ROM tests are used to aid in diagnosing ruptured membranes in pregnant women through analysis of vaginal secretions.
First to be vaccinated will be health workers, contacts of confirmed Ebola patients.
Findings among teens diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease in the emergency department.
Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.
Findings based on study of Bangladeshi women and infants, a population with known deficiency.
High-dose esomeprazole taken in combination with aspirin may safely and effectively improve outcomes in patients with Barrett esophagus.
Results showed an increased risk of bleeding with SRIs by 1.16-2.36 times with an even higher 3.17- to 10.9-fold risk with concomitant NSAIDs.
US Preventive Services Task Force says benefit unclear in asymptomatic, older patients.
Findings suggest need for reimbursement to have severity adjustment, especially in underserved areas.
fT3 and fT3-to-fT4 ratio correlated positively with gestational diabetes at the first and second trimester.
Children and young adults with asthma and multiple food allergies may be at risk for reduced small airway lung function than children with a single food allergy.
Research shows that patients diagnosed with atopic dermatitis experience feelings of dissatisfaction with regard to lifestyle, as well as impaired health and wellness.
Differences exist in race and gender in patients with chronic lower back pain, especially in pain sensitivity and severity due to aftersensations from mechanical punctuate pain and deep muscle hyperalgesia.
Often central to communities, faith-based organizations serve as local touchstones for health initiatives and outreach programs.
The insulin sensitivity in post- and premenopausal women along with lipid deposition in the liver and skeletal muscle was examined.
But in past 3 decades, decrease in late mortality seen among those who underwent BMT in childhood.
Asian longhorned tick currently considered a greater threat to livestock than to humans.
A rheumatologist and orthopedic surgeon provide an interdisciplinary perspective on the perioperative management of antirheumatic medications in patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery.
All 20 recipients experienced HCV cure, good quality of life, excellent renal function.
An expert panel developed suggestions for chronic cough management in interstitial lung disease, but more clinical trials are needed to establish recommendations.
International evidence-based guidelines include 166 recommendations and practice points to improve health outcomes of women with PCOS.
High total HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women may mask heart disease risk.
Findings based on analysis of motorcycle accident victims by helmet use.
As there is currently no treatment option available to slow the progression of preeclampsia, clinicians assess esomeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, as a therapeutic candidate for this challenging condition.
Investigators compared low-carbohydrate with low-fat diet on glucose control and other metabolic and anthropometric variables in T2D.
Sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus increased the risk for severe asthma.
In high-volume centers, patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer may often be eligible for minimally invasive liver surgery via laparoscopy, thereby reducing potential morbidity risks associated with open surgery.
Enterococci bacteria surviving exposure for longer periods of time.
Oral administration of BCX7353 at dose of 125 mg results in lower rate of attacks vs placebo.
The Belmont Report provides an appropriate framework for living donor organ transplantation.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a mild viral infection common in children. Here are 10 things your patients need to know about this ailment.
For adolescents and young adults, the co-administration of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine with incorporated tetanus toxoid with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine is noninferior to isolated vaccination and does not compromise immunity.
Aids include simplifying treatment, creating reminders, sharing success stories.
There is no distinct cut off for the Functional Assessment Short Test between none, mind, moderate, and severe functional impairment.
Rifampin has significantly higher rate of treatment completion, fewer drug-related adverse events.
Currently, 26 suspected cases of Ebola, including 20 deaths.
C-509T allele and postoperative cosmetic surgery significantly linked to breast fibrosis risk.
Heat-stable carbetocin — an analog of oxytocin — was found to be noninferior to oxytocin in preventing hemorrhage associated with vaginal birth and may be beneficial in low- and middle-income countries.
Grass, other weeds, and unclassified pollen were significantly associated with increased risk for asthma hospitalization in young children.
The researchers noted that these findings highlight the complexity of obesity as a disease that shares a common etiology with some psychiatric and addictive disorders.
Program for heart failure management and implementation of clinical practice guidelines.
Circulating hepatic markers may predict the risk for diabetes in women.
In a multicenter study, researchers used high-quality ultrasound imaging to identify characteristics of pure ovarian clear cell carcinoma.
The new Flash Glucose Monitoring System enables patients to wear the sensor for up to 14 days compared with the existing FreeStyle Libre System that was approved for 10-day wear.
Poorer quality sleep for children, parents attributed to high levels of noise.
Numerous cases of vaginal burns or scarring have been linked to the procedures.
Perseris, an atypical antipsychotic, has an extended-release delivery system that releases sustained levels of risperidone over 1 month.
An increase in guideline-recommended preventive services may be associated with a decrease in patient utilization of each suggested service, which may have a negative impact on patient life expectancy or quality of life.
There is a lack of evidence supporting the benefits of combination drug therapy over monotherapy for the management of low back pain and sciatica.
The European League Against Rheumatism has issued their 2018 recommendations for physical activity in patients with inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Variation exists in opioid prescribing practices among clinicians in single-hospital systems, which prompts concern about the potential for opioid overprescribing.
Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.
No increased risk of corpus uteri, invasive breast cancer for women undergoing assisted reproduction.
The ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial showed improvements in progression-free survival in patients with ovarian cancer with and without the germline BRCA mutation.
This novel agent has low permeability across the blood-brain barrier, which slows its rate of entry into the brain and reduces dopamine release.
Disruption of molecular, genetic, clinical networks by human herpesvirus in brains of subjects with AD.
Antibiotic prophylaxis should be reconsidered with bicuspid aortic valve, mitral valve prolapse.
Previous studies have suggested that analgesic medicine use may have a protective effect for patients with ovarian cancer.
Nemolizumab Effective for Moderate, Severe Atopic Dermatitis Inadequately Controlled With Topical Therapy
For patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis inadequately controlled with topical therapies, the anti-IL-31 receptor A humanized monoclonal antibody nemolizumab may provide benefit.
This represents the prospective study confirming an independent relationship between cardiovascular mortality and oxidative DNA damage in type 2 diabetes.
Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.
Rate of acute myocardial infarction one per 12,400 for those hospitalized during pregnancy, puerperium.
A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.
Studies conducted in people have mixed results, with some indication of increased risk of ovarian cancer.
Adoption of the guidelines would label more than half of 45- to 75-year-olds as having hypertension.
ART recommended for almost all HIV-infected; should be initiated as soon as possible post diagnosis.