Between 2016 and 2017, the mean paid childbearing leave for faculty physicians at 12 top United States medical schools was just 8.6 weeks.
Despite research suggesting that there may be increased cardiovascular risk from off-label prescription testosterone use, usage in men with coronary artery disease remains higher than in men without coronary artery disease.
The investigational drug is currently in Phase 1 development, with completion expected in the second quarter of 2019.
The number of enteric infection symptom reports was found to decrease with age, although older adults tend to have more severe illness and require hospitalization.
Findings seen in older adults; independent correlations remained for those with Alzheimer disease.
Complication rates for invasive lung diagnostic procedures higher than those seen in clinical trials.
IF with 70% energy intake has better outcomes vs continuous diet restriction in obese women.
For patients with both physical and mental health-related long-term conditions, missing healthcare appointments is associated with an increased risk of multimorbidity.
The Company has already completed a Phase 1 trial of this synthetic glucagon-like peptide (GLP-2) analog.
For individuals with normal fasting glucose but not those with impaired fasting glucose, a higher number of ideal cardiovascular health components correlates with a lower risk for diabetes.
A new review from the American Medical Association addresses best practices for the evaluation and management of reported penicillin allergies.
Chronic infection with Giardia was associated with prolonged alterations in duodenal mucosa lymphocytes.
The prevalence of anogenital warts has decreased, with significant declines observed in specific populations.
A task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain proposes a classification of chronic pain as either chronic primary or chronic secondary pain, when chronic pain represents the major complaint and when chronic pain is secondary to a chronic disorder, respectively.
For patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is associated with prolonged time to disease progression compared with disease-modifying therapy.
The USPSTF recommends risk-reducing medications for women at high risk for breast cancer who are at low risk for adverse events, but medications are not recommended for routine use.
Data on adherence to the 2013 ACA/AHA cholesterol guidelines suggest significant underuse of appropriate-intensity statin therapy; however, data for statin use in primary prevention have been limited.
Eliminating routine oral opioid prescription following cesarean delivery may reduce opioid consumption without jeopardizing pain control or patient satisfaction.
The combined use of mometasone furoate and formoterol in adults and adolescents with persistent asthma may not increase asthma-related adverse events and may reduce the risk of worsening asthma outcomes.
Fatigue and depressive symptoms had a negative effect on work stability in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
Preventable injuries are the third leading cause of death in the United States.
A new clinical guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association focuses on the medical management of patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis.
Review shows supplementation only effective for baseline vitamin D levels 25 nmol/L.
Manual focuses on patient-physician relationship in different scenarios, including telemedicine.
Tuberculosis screening results may differ depending on blood draw methods.
A review of the 2016 American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology guidelines for management and diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease.
Pulsed ultrasound treatment may represent an effective option for the treatment of stable rib fractures.
Releasing report cards on Fridays may increase the rate of child physical abuse on the following Saturday.
Benefits could be seen for frequent complaints like cough, dermatitis, and inflammation of ear, nose, throat.
Significant differences seen in patterns of medication, health care use across back pain trajectories.
Increased risk for new-onset, postpartum mental illness observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Researchers evaluated the efficacy and safety of anakinra for the treatment of acute gout flares.
Half of this number went to a doctor, while 69,000 to 84,000 people have been hospitalized.
The Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease questionnaire was endorsed as a core outcome measure for psoriatic arthritis-specific health-related quality of life.
Children with croup who were given glucocorticoids had reduced symptoms at 2 through 24 hours.
Pregnant women admitted to ICU with flu more likely to deliver preterm infants, low birth-weight infants.
Those with positive AI screen 4 times more likely to develop future ventricular dysfunction.
Worker at Bauer's Candies facility in Kentucky tested positive for hepatitis A.
Number of routine food inspections performed by the FDA dropped sharply.
Short-term pasteurization of breast milk may reduce the incidence of postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus infection through breast milk.
The need for effective osteoporosis screening tools and treatment strategies is high, as the current methods have a low sensitivity for determining postmenopausal women at risk for a major osteoporotic fracture.
Less than 60% of patients with diabetes given HbA1c, lipid profile tests in preceding 12 months.
Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g.
Patients with Crohn disease were enrolled in a comparative cohort study that analyzed the outcomes of reference product infliximab vs biosimilar treatment.
Weighted and combined multi-gene pharmacogenomic testing significantly increased clinical response and remission rates for patients with major depressive disorder.
With vaccination, risks reduced for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, clinical evaluations for infection.
There has been an increase in measles cases across the United States and worldwide.
App has high sensitivity, specificity for opioid-induced central apnea, respiratory depression.
Incidence of intraoperative, postoperative complications lower in resectable esophageal cancer.
Minimum inhibitory concentration levels of resistance to either clarithromycin or metronidazole may play a role in Helicobacter pylori therapy outcome.
All patients used injection drugs; 7 reported using black tar heroin and 6 practiced skin popping.
Nighttime room entries reduced in unit where nurses received coaching, integrated SIESTA.
Adherence to psychotherapy linked to lower seizure frequency, higher quality of life, fewer ED visits.
Regular and prolonged walking was found to be associated with a reduced the risk for low back pain in Koreans age >50.
Adults hospitalized for pneumonia who received an influenza vaccination during their stay were less likely to seroconvert if they had diabetes, bacterial detection, baseline seropositive titers for influenza B, or influenza vaccination in the previous season.
Evidence convincing that universal prenatal screening reduces perinatal transmission of HBV.
American Headache Society Releases Position Statement on Novel Preventive and Acute Migraine Treatments
The American Headache Society has issued updated guidelines on the use of novel preventive and acute treatments for migraine in adults.
HeartGuide is designed as a wrist watch that uses the oscillometric cuff method, the standard for medical-grade personal blood pressure measurement.
An informational intervention — including weight management and regular self-weighing — can help curb weight gain during the holiday season.
African-Americans have lower mean CSF concentration of total tau, phosphorylated tau181.
Forty-seven percent of cohort experienced 11% decrease in diaphragm thickness after 6 days.
Risk greatest with higher-dose opioids and opioids with immunosuppressive properties.
Flu-positive patients have higher crude mortality and critical illness vs flu-negative patients.
Researchers assessed risk factors for cytomegalovirus antigenemia in pediatric patients.
Although treatment as usual for psychosis is guideline-congruent and well implemented, there appears to be no added value for adjunct cognitive behavioral therapy for social activation, according to the results of a study from the Netherlands.
While evidence-based guidelines exist for the determination of brain death in infants, children, and adults, Nevada is currently the only state to adopt laws that require adherence to these guidelines.
The quadrivalent LAIV4 is less effective than IIV against influenza A/H1N1pdm09 in all pediatric age groups.
Patients with a cancer diagnosis have an increased risk for suicide during the first year after their diagnosis compared with the general population, with higher suicide rates for cancers with a poor prognosis.
Exercise can consistently yield reductions in blood pressure.
There is no compelling evidence to indicate health benefits of nonsugar sweetener use on a range of health outcomes.
An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.
Racial disparities may be widening within safety-net hospitals for non-HRRP-targeted conditions.
A psychoeducational intervention does not improve anxiety or body image but is still considered important among women with breast cancer.
In patients with hypertension, psoriasis linked to increased risk for cardiovascular procedures, surgeries.
Among OSA patients, risk for developing gout is highest 1 to 2 years after the index date.
Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22% in developing countries.
Promoting healthier eating in middle school more effective than adding physical activity.
Higher incidence seen for in-hospital mortality, acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury.
A study was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of methyl estradiolpropanoate, a topical soft estrogen cosmeceutical for the treatment of estrogen-deficient skin.
Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with liraglutide experience a greater reduction in systolic BP if they have lower baseline continuous glucose monitoring values and higher diastolic BP.
Compared with abstinence from alcohol, increased survival seen with moderate drinking.
More than one-quarter have little or no confidence they can afford health insurance over the next year.
Risk for proximal cancers low among patients without broad-definition anemia and/or abdominal mass.
Compared with unscreened individuals, a colonoscopy with normal findings may be linked to lower risk of colorectal cancer deaths for more than 12 years.
Vial preparation sizes can be optimized to reduce drug wastage, reduce costs.
Pregnant women presenting with migraine to acute care settings were found to be treated with therapeutic agents ranging from safe and effective medications to others with unclear efficacy and potential teratogenicity.
Decreases in abundance of several taxa may be linked to increased risk for carbapenem-resistant P aeruginosa colonization-acquisition ICU patients.
Association seen in patients with cerebral palsy without accompanying intellectual disability.
Students, parents, health care providers should be aware of the availability of MenB vaccines.
Risk increased for papillary RCC but not clear-cell RCC; risk for upper tract urothelial carcinoma increased.
More incident cases identified in intervention arm with nurse-led primary care-based liver clinics.
Implementation of an ultrarestrictive protocol for opioid prescriptions was found to be associated with reductions in the amount of opioids prescribed after abdominal and gynecologic surgery.
Researchers sought to determine if the complementary practice could prevent CIPN in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.
Vitamin D3 may reduce migraine days in patients who experience frequent migraines.
Female sterilization is most commonly used method, followed by oral contraceptive pill.
Significantly faster increase in use of telemental health services seen in counties with no psychiatrists.
1999-2000 to 2015-2016 saw increase in mean weight, waist circumference, BMI for many subgroups.
Requip and Requip XL are non-ergot dopamine agonists indicated for the treatment of Parkinson disease.
The omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid and aspirin were compared alone and in combination against placebo for the prevention of colorectal cancer.
Overall, 28.8 million disability-adjusted life years due to dementia; 6.4 million attributed to modifiable risks.