Obesity

Higher Visceral Fat Ratio Seen With Recurring Urolithiasis

Higher Visceral Fat Ratio Seen With Recurring Urolithiasis

No differences seen with other fat volume measures between recurring, first-time stones.

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Weight Loss Linked to Reversal of Atrial Fibrillation Progression

Increased weight loss with risk factor management associated with greater atrial fibrillation freedom.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Increased From 1999 to 2014

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If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.

AAPA Launches Primary Care Obesity Management Certificate Program

AAPA Launches Primary Care Obesity Management Certificate Program

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The new program, announced by AAPA, will allow its participants to obtain 30 CME credits and an OMA-issued Certificate of Primary-Care Obesity Management after completion.

Obesity Treatment Education, Training Needed in PA Programs

Obesity Treatment Education, Training Needed in PA Programs

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Recognizing the obesity epidemic and educating physician assistants on the implications of this condition and how they should be caring for obese patients should be prioritized, according to the study authors.

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

Prevalence of Obese, Allergic Asthma Phenotypes Examined in US Children

The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Obesity Can Negatively Affect Liver in Children As Young As 8

Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.

BMI associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus

BMI associated with hepatocellular carcinoma risk for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus

BMI is positively correlated with increased hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic HBV, though the risk is greater in women.

Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity

Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity

For adolescents with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity, surgical therapy facilitates glycemic control and weight reduction better than medical therapy.

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity associated with elevated CVD mortality, morbidity

Obesity is affiliated with elevated morbidity, cardiovascular disease related mortality, and shorter longevity compared with individuals with a normal body mass index.

Weight loss in obese individuals associated with reduced chronic pain

Weight loss in obese individuals associated with reduced chronic pain

Weight loss in obese individuals may lead to reduced pain, affect, and somatic symptoms associated with chronic pain.

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

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The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.

Pediatric obesity rate may decrease with special nutrition programs

Pediatric obesity rate may decrease with special nutrition programs

Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.

Prostate cancer recurrence linked to metabolic syndrome, obesity

Prostate cancer recurrence linked to metabolic syndrome, obesity

A positive correlation between increased BMI and risk of prostate cancer recurrence was observed in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy.

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.

Gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese patients

Gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese patients

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There is no statistically significant difference in weight loss at 5 years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients.

Examining the effects of wearable fitness trackers

Examining the effects of wearable fitness trackers

The utility and effectiveness of wearable fitness devices are discussed in a clinician's opinion piece.

Case Study: Shortness of breath in a COPD patient with obesity

Case Study: Shortness of breath in a COPD patient with obesity

A middle-aged patient with morbid obesesity and COPD complains about having shortness of breath at rest and dyspnea on exertion.

Mediterranean, DASH diets ranked first in Best Diets Rankings

Mediterranean, DASH diets ranked first in Best Diets Rankings

More than 40 diet plans across 9 categories have been ranked to help those dieting achieve healthier lifestyles in U.S News & World Report.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

BMI may not indicate obesity in postmenopausal women

BMI may not indicate obesity in postmenopausal women

Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Better lipid profiles with almond and chocolate consumption

Cocoa, dark chocolate, and raw almonds may help improve lipid profiles in overweight individuals.

Adult obesity possible for about 50% of today's children

Adult obesity possible for about 50% of today's children

Adult obesity by age of 35 is likely in about 57% of today's children.

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

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Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

Overweight, obesity-related cancers increasing in the United States

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Incidence rates of overweight- and obesity-related cancers have increased in the United States.

Commercial weight loss program may help prevent diabetes in obese patients

Commercial weight loss program may help prevent diabetes in obese patients

Primary care referral to Weight Watchers meetings is associated with weight loss, HbA1c reduction.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

AAPA: Stemming the rise in obesity through effective care delivery

AAPA: Stemming the rise in obesity through effective care delivery

Obesity is a chronic, progressive disease, and continued communication on prevention and treatment is paramount to reversing the status quo.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

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