Ob/Gyn Information Center News Archive
From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks
Elevated risk of various cardiovascular outcomes, including pulmonary heart disease, atrial fibrillation
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
The USPSTF has found that screening for intimate partner violence is beneficial for reproductive-aged women, although there is inadequate evidence to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for abuse in elderly and vulnerable adults.
No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.
Increase in use depends on the amount of reduction in out-of-pocket costs
In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood
In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.
Genetic mutations assays using PapSEEK may facilitate the detection of certain cancers using fluids from Pap tests.
The two most prevalent HIV symptoms, fatigue and muscle aches, are more common in women than men and can worsen with menopause.
Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.
Bullying and maltreatment may be factors that explain the high pregnancy levels in teenage sexual minorities.
The incidence of ovarian cancer was not related to metformin or statin usage among women with type 2 diabetes.
Many medical schools provide paternity and maternity leaves, though the duration may among schools.
Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.
Cesarean delivery is associated with a reduced rate of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, but this should be weighed against the association with increased risks for fertility, future pregnancy, and long-term childhood outcome.
The USPSTF reports that pregnant women can benefit from screening for syphilis infection.
The USPSTF has issued an updated recommendation statement on ovarian cancer screening.
Laparoscopy became the most common surgical approach for hysterectomy between 2010 and 2013, with associated changes in payments statistics for hysterectomy.
A multi-analyte blood test, CancerSEEK, can detect 8 common cancer types, with high sensitivity and specificity.
Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.
Both patients with and without BRCA mutations have comparable survival rates.
For women who work night shifts, breast cancer risks increase by 3.3% for every 5 years of work.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.
Early treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy can prevent complications.
Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016 for pregnant women of all ages.
Breast cancer diagnosis is higher among women who currently use or recently used contemporary hormonal contraceptives than among women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.
Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.
Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.
Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.
The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.
Early menopause risk is highest in weight-cycling and severely underweight women.
Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.
The practice bulletin provides information for appropriate patient selection and evidence-based recommendations for intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants.
Among women who are attempting to conceive naturally, diminished ovarian reserve is not associated with infertility.
The major change includes screening with hrHPV testing alone as an alternative to cytology screening alone starting at age 30 years.
Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.
Women on AEDs during pregnancy are at a higher risk of delivering prematurely and giving birth to SGA newborns.
A 1% paracervical nerve block may be useful for reducing patient-reported pain during IUD insertion.
The researchers found no long-term increase in either all-cause or cause-specific mortality among women who received hormone therapy for up to 5.6 years or 7.2 years, depending on the type of therapy.
Duration of total and exclusive breastfeeding was significantly associated with a decreased risk of endometriosis.
A variety of non-hormone options and therapies are available for treatment of estrogen-depletion symptoms and clinical problems after a diagnosis of breast cancer.
Thousands of US lives would be saved each year if women received annual mammograms starting at age 40.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
Women with at least 1 previous cesarean delivery have an increased risk of complications when undergoing a hysterectomy.
Risk factors for emergency department visits include younger age, higher parity, Medicare or self-pay insurance, and postoperative pain.
The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.
Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.
Lifestyle interventions reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and lower the odds of cesarean section without affecting offspring outcomes.
Women who experienced early menopause were 2.4 times more likely to develop diabetes.
Preterm preeclampsia occurred in 13 participants (1.6%) in the aspirin group, as compared with 35 (4.3%) in the placebo group.
Breast cancer risk is increased with a larger number of first- and second-degree relatives diagnosed as having breast cancer for both BRCA1/BRCA2 carriers.
A breast cancer screening program helped improve mammography referral and screening rates in a federally qualified health center.
Continued antiretroviral therapy was found to be safe and beneficial in HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4+ T cell counts.
About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.
Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.
Pregnant women with a high hepatitis B viral load who receive tenofovir have a reduced risk for passing the virus to their child.
The baby's behavior at 2 to 4 weeks after birth is not likely due to exposure to medication or depression.
Drinking the equivalent of a small glass of wine or beer a day increases pre-menopausal breast cancer risk by 5% and post-menopausal breast cancer risk by 9%.
Use of azithromycin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and quinolones was associated with an increased risk of spontaneous abortion during pregnancy.
Developing breast cancer was associated inversely with taking 3 or more tablets of low-dose aspirin per week.
Evidence supports the routine use of mind-body practices, such as yoga, meditation, relaxation techniques, and passive music therapy, to address common mental health concerns in patients with breast cancer.
The USPSTF recommends that pregnant women receive screening for preeclampsia with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy.
Women who took probiotics in their second trimester had lower rates of gestational diabetes.
The reports show that some pregnant women are using marijuana as an antiemetic, particularly during the first trimester.
Vitamin D and calcium supplementation not effective for lowering cancer risk in postmenopausal women
Vitamin D and calcium did not result in a significantly lower risk of all-type cancer, including breast cancer, in postmenopausal women.
Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.
Use of oral contraceptives did not increase the risk for cancer in women and decreased the risk for colorectal, endometrial, ovarian, and lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers.
The Endocrine Society has released a clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
Using measurements of vaginal fetal fibronectin levels and cervical length did not indicate spontaneous preterm birth among first-time pregnant women.
Reducing postpartum depression involves universal screening and appropriate referral and treatment by clinicians.
Risk of serious infections is similar among pregnant women with systemic inflammatory conditions using steroids, non-biologics, and TNF inhibitors.
Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.
The USPSTF concludes that evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of performing screening pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women for the early detection and treatment of a range of gynecologic conditions.
ACOG recommends that carrier screening should be provided to all women who are pregnant but ideally should be provided to women as they are considering pregnancy.
Digital technology leads to increased rates of cancer detection, as well as false-positive rates.
Using transvaginal mesh and biological graft in prolapse surgery did not improve outcomes of effectiveness, quality of life, or adverse events.
Pre-incision azithromycin prophylaxis was associated with reduced odds of infection.
The ACOG releases an updated committee opinion suggesting that low-risk women can benefit from minimal intervention during labor and delivery.
Treatment is associated with decreased loss of pregnancy among women with subclinical hypothyroidism.
Among all women, PPD risk increased with advanced age and gestational diabetes.
The USPSTF recommends folic acid supplement for all women who are capable of pregnancy or who are planning to become pregnant.
Waiving costs of cancer screenings appears to improve mammography rates, even among individuals with low levels of income.
Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with significant neonatal benefits, including improved transitional circulation and better establishment of red blood cell volume.
This finding suggests that any fetus with a suspected brain abnormality on ultrasound should have iuMRI to better inform counseling and management decisions.
Researchers examined the association between statin use and the risk of uterine fibroids and fibroid-related symptoms.
Birth defects potentially related to Zika virus were identified in 6% of fetuses or infants of women included in the study.
Intrarosa provides an additional treatment option for women with dyspareunia caused by vulvar and vaginal atrophy.
Oral naproxen sodium does not reduce pain with IUD insertion but does reduce pain after insertion.
The findings may help couples plan infertility treatments more effectively.
The CDC examined the effects of maternal age on the decline of preterm birth in the United States between 2007 and 2014.
The tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine does not appear to cause birth defects.
Women who received epidural pain relief during labor had lower scores on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.
Although a birthing pool may offer some advantages during labor, this could lead to serious health problems.
The USPSTF reviewed evidence on the benefits and harms of breastfeeding support interventions.
Women may have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes with low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin and high levels of total estradiol.
Data from the POBASCAM trial support the extension of screening intervals for cervical cancer beyond 5 years.
Researchers examined prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes in neonates with developmental abnormalities associated with Zika virus infections.