Ob/Gyn Information Center News Archive
No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy
A follow-up study from KEEPS found that cessation of menopausal hormone therapy did not change the expected trajectory of carotid artery intima-media thickness over a 3-year period.
Many children born to mothers with Zika infection do not undergo all recommended assessments.
ROM tests are used to aid in diagnosing ruptured membranes in pregnant women through analysis of vaginal secretions.
Findings based on study of Bangladeshi women and infants, a population with known deficiency.
fT3 and fT3-to-fT4 ratio correlated positively with gestational diabetes at the first and second trimester.
The insulin sensitivity in post- and premenopausal women along with lipid deposition in the liver and skeletal muscle was examined.
International evidence-based guidelines include 166 recommendations and practice points to improve health outcomes of women with PCOS.
High total HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women may mask heart disease risk.
As there is currently no treatment option available to slow the progression of preeclampsia, clinicians assess esomeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, as a therapeutic candidate for this challenging condition.
C-509T allele and postoperative cosmetic surgery significantly linked to breast fibrosis risk.
Heat-stable carbetocin — an analog of oxytocin — was found to be noninferior to oxytocin in preventing hemorrhage associated with vaginal birth and may be beneficial in low- and middle-income countries.
Numerous cases of vaginal burns or scarring have been linked to the procedures.
No increased risk of corpus uteri, invasive breast cancer for women undergoing assisted reproduction.
Rate of acute myocardial infarction one per 12,400 for those hospitalized during pregnancy, puerperium.
Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
A committee from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists formulated several recommendations for safely managing pain and fatigue in women during the early postpartum period.
Women receiving the inactivated influenza vaccine demonstrated superior antibody response compared with those receiving the live attenuated influenza vaccine.
Ribociclib approved in combo with AI as endocrine tx for HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast CA.
Vaccinated women and girls living with HIV may be at greater risk for HPV vaccine failure compared with women and girls without HIV.
Maternal lithium use in the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk for infant malformations.
Recurrent hypertensive disease of pregnancy is associated with increased risk for early all-cause and some cause-specific mortality.
The Kaiser Family Foundation recently released results from a new poll examining the public's view on women's issues.
Metformin use during the first trimester of pregnancy is not correlated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies.
Depressed mood more common in young pregnant women today than in their mothers' generation.
Women with preeclampsia with severe features had increased right ventricular systolic pressure and decreased global right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain.
Platelet counts of 150,000/mm at time of delivery more common with pregnancy-related complications
This retrospective study sought to assess migraine patterns in 69 menopausal women between ages 40 and 60 who were treated at Partners Healthcare Hospitals for concurrent migraine headache.
Women prescribed long- vs short-term opioids for chronic musculoskeletal pain may be at increased risk for menopause and abnormal menstruation.
Researchers from the University of Bristol found no association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders.
In New Zealand, large proportion did not receive event debrief, referral to social support or specialist
Hormone therapy in postmenopausal women with mild cognitive impairment was examined.
Visit provides unique opportunity to address relationship between family and pediatric practice.
An evaluation assessed the nonhealthcare-related influences that have led to misconceptions about long-acting reversible contraceptives.
Investigators report results from the MONALEESA-7 trial, which assessed ribociclib plus endocrine therapy in premenopausal women with advanced breast cancer.
Association holds after adjustment for unmeasured genetic, environmental factors
Researchers assessed the effect of testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin levels on coronary heart disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy linked to risk of poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring
No Additional Benefits With Vaginal Estradiol Tablets, Moisturizers for Postmenopausal Vulvovaginal Symptoms
Prescribed vaginal estradiol tablets and over-the-counter vaginal moisturizers may not be more effective than placebos for postmenopausal vulvovaginal symptoms.
Equol-containing nutraceuticals may be beneficial for postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms.
In year 1, 13% did not undergo MRI or mammography; up to 19% by year 5.
The FDA approval was supported by findings from a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that evaluated Imvexxy (4mcg and 10mcg) vs placebo from baseline to week 12.
Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women
A physician report indicates that 4 placebo (non-hormonal) capsules were placed in the first 4 days of therapy instead of active capsules.
Investigators summarize data regarding the management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy and in the postpartum period.
Active major depression in women not associated with negative fertility outcomes.
Investigators sought to determine whether both restrictive and purging types of anorexia nervosa effect bone metabolism.
Impact of medications on mother-infant dyad should be considered, as many women breastfeed
Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.
From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks
Elevated risk of various cardiovascular outcomes, including pulmonary heart disease, atrial fibrillation
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
The USPSTF has found that screening for intimate partner violence is beneficial for reproductive-aged women, although there is inadequate evidence to weigh the balance of benefits and harms of screening for abuse in elderly and vulnerable adults.
No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.
Increase in use depends on the amount of reduction in out-of-pocket costs
In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood
In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.
Genetic mutations assays using PapSEEK may facilitate the detection of certain cancers using fluids from Pap tests.
The two most prevalent HIV symptoms, fatigue and muscle aches, are more common in women than men and can worsen with menopause.
Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.
Bullying and maltreatment may be factors that explain the high pregnancy levels in teenage sexual minorities.
The incidence of ovarian cancer was not related to metformin or statin usage among women with type 2 diabetes.
Many medical schools provide paternity and maternity leaves, though the duration may among schools.
Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.
Cesarean delivery is associated with a reduced rate of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, but this should be weighed against the association with increased risks for fertility, future pregnancy, and long-term childhood outcome.
The USPSTF reports that pregnant women can benefit from screening for syphilis infection.
The USPSTF has issued an updated recommendation statement on ovarian cancer screening.
Laparoscopy became the most common surgical approach for hysterectomy between 2010 and 2013, with associated changes in payments statistics for hysterectomy.
A multi-analyte blood test, CancerSEEK, can detect 8 common cancer types, with high sensitivity and specificity.
Several reproductive variables were independently linked to increased CVD risks.
Both patients with and without BRCA mutations have comparable survival rates.
For women who work night shifts, breast cancer risks increase by 3.3% for every 5 years of work.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.
Early treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy can prevent complications.
Prenatal marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2016 for pregnant women of all ages.
Breast cancer diagnosis is higher among women who currently use or recently used contemporary hormonal contraceptives than among women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.
Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.
Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.
Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.
The CDC revised its US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use categorization for DMPA injection in women at high risk for HIV infection from US MEC category 1 to US MEC category 2.
Early menopause risk is highest in weight-cycling and severely underweight women.
Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.
The practice bulletin provides information for appropriate patient selection and evidence-based recommendations for intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants.
Among women who are attempting to conceive naturally, diminished ovarian reserve is not associated with infertility.
The major change includes screening with hrHPV testing alone as an alternative to cytology screening alone starting at age 30 years.
Alternative treatments should be offered to pregnant women with HIV instead of tenofovir or emtricitabine.
Women on AEDs during pregnancy are at a higher risk of delivering prematurely and giving birth to SGA newborns.
A 1% paracervical nerve block may be useful for reducing patient-reported pain during IUD insertion.
The researchers found no long-term increase in either all-cause or cause-specific mortality among women who received hormone therapy for up to 5.6 years or 7.2 years, depending on the type of therapy.
Duration of total and exclusive breastfeeding was significantly associated with a decreased risk of endometriosis.
A variety of non-hormone options and therapies are available for treatment of estrogen-depletion symptoms and clinical problems after a diagnosis of breast cancer.
Thousands of US lives would be saved each year if women received annual mammograms starting at age 40.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
Women with at least 1 previous cesarean delivery have an increased risk of complications when undergoing a hysterectomy.
Risk factors for emergency department visits include younger age, higher parity, Medicare or self-pay insurance, and postoperative pain.
The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.
Telbivudine administered during early and middle pregnancy prevented hepatitis B transmission from mother to infants in all participants receiving antiviral treatment.
Lifestyle interventions reduce gestational weight gain across various subgroups of women and lower the odds of cesarean section without affecting offspring outcomes.
Women who experienced early menopause were 2.4 times more likely to develop diabetes.
Preterm preeclampsia occurred in 13 participants (1.6%) in the aspirin group, as compared with 35 (4.3%) in the placebo group.
Breast cancer risk is increased with a larger number of first- and second-degree relatives diagnosed as having breast cancer for both BRCA1/BRCA2 carriers.