Opioids

Congress Passes Bill to Fight Opioid Crisis

Congress Passes Bill to Fight Opioid Crisis

Comprehensive bipartisan package earmarks billions of dollars to fight opioid abuse in the United States.

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

CDC Guideline for Opioid Prescribing May Have Effectively Reduced Opioid Prescribing Practices

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's "Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain" may have contributed to a further reduction in several opioid prescribing practices.

US Senate Passes Opioids Bill

US Senate Passes Opioids Bill

Comprehensive bipartisan package earmarks billions of dollars to fight opioid abuse in the United States.

Benefits of NSAIDs as Part of Multimodal Analgesia Regimen in Children

Benefits of NSAIDs as Part of Multimodal Analgesia Regimen in Children

Perioperative and emergency department use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as part of a multimodal analgesia regimen may improve pain control in pediatric populations and avoid opioid-related adverse events.

PT Better After Hip Surgery Than Opioids in Younger Adults

PT Better After Hip Surgery Than Opioids in Younger Adults

Benefits include lower hip-related downstream costs and lower opioid use after arthroscopic surgery.

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

No significant reduction in percentage of patients prescribed opioids after general surgery.

Hydrocodone Schedule Change Affected Post-Op Opioid Rx

Hydrocodone Schedule Change Affected Post-Op Opioid Rx

Increase in mean OMEs filled in initial opioid rx after hydrocodone's change from schedule III to II.

Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalization Rates Decrease From 2009 to 2015

Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalization Rates Decrease From 2009 to 2015

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The number of patients prescribed opioids and visiting an emergency department or requiring hospitalization decreased from 2009 to 2015.

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid OD After Sobriety

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid OD After Sobriety

Airlines also encouraged to include naloxone in emergency medical kits.

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Dose-response association with highest odds of opioid-related death with high-dose pregabalin.

Cancer Patients Treated With Step III Opioids Often Have Sleep Disturbances

Cancer Patients Treated With Step III Opioids Often Have Sleep Disturbances

The majority of patients with cancer who are being treated with World Health Organization Step III opioids were found to experience poor sleep quality, often due to pain.

Opioid Dependence More Common Before Spine Surgery

Opioid Dependence More Common Before Spine Surgery

Findings based on large study of patients having surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

Integration of Opioid, Infectious Disease Treatment Needed

Integration of Opioid, Infectious Disease Treatment Needed

Expert panel recommends 5 action steps for treating opioid abuse and its intersecting epidemics.

CDC: EMS Administration of Naloxone Up From 2012 to 2016

CDC: EMS Administration of Naloxone Up From 2012 to 2016

Monitoring non-fatal overdose events from EMS data may aid in developing emergency response.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

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Variation exists in opioid prescribing practices among clinicians in single-hospital systems, which prompts concern about the potential for opioid overprescribing.

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Odds of pre-op opioid use up with age 31 to 40 years, tobacco use, illicit drug use, depression.

Emergency Physicians Offer Recommendations for Identifying and Managing Opioid Use Disorder

Emergency Physicians Offer Recommendations for Identifying and Managing Opioid Use Disorder

American emergency medicine physicians have been taking measures to address the ongoing opioid crisis, which affects emergency departments throughout the country.

Any Opioid Use Tied to Involvement in Criminal Justice System

Any Opioid Use Tied to Involvement in Criminal Justice System

History of involvement with criminal justice system increased with intensity of drug use.

Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain

Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain

Consensus guidelines regarding the use of ketamine for the management of acute pain have been approved.

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

Surgeon General Jerome M. Adams, M.D., M.P.H., has urged more Americans to carry naloxone, an FDA-approved medication that can be delivered via nasal mist or injection and can temporarily suspend the effects of opioid overdose.

FDA Takes Steps to Reconcile Needs of Patients With Chronic Pain, Efforts to Curb Opioid Epidemic

FDA Takes Steps to Reconcile Needs of Patients With Chronic Pain, Efforts to Curb Opioid Epidemic

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A panel discussion event held at the US Food and Drug Administration gathered patients with chronic pain and FDA officials, to reconcile concerns around prescriptions of opioid medications with the needs of these patient populations.

Reproductive Dysfunction Risk in Women Taking Long-Term Opioids for Musculoskeletal Pain

Reproductive Dysfunction Risk in Women Taking Long-Term Opioids for Musculoskeletal Pain

Women prescribed long- vs short-term opioids for chronic musculoskeletal pain may be at increased risk for menopause and abnormal menstruation.

Chronic Pain Leads to Higher Opioid Doses and Lower QoL in Sickle Cell Patients

Chronic Pain Leads to Higher Opioid Doses and Lower QoL in Sickle Cell Patients

In adults with sickle cell disease, higher daily opioid use may be associated with poorer health-related quality of life.

Lofexidine a Non-Narcotic Option for Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

Lofexidine a Non-Narcotic Option for Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms

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Lofexidine may help patients with opioid withdrawal symptoms or difficulty with opioid discontinuation.

Buprenorphine Diversion Driven by Withdrawal Prevention, Abstinence Maintenance

Buprenorphine Diversion Driven by Withdrawal Prevention, Abstinence Maintenance

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Researchers deployed a survey to individuals who had received treatment for opioid use disorder to assess their use of buprenorphine.

Oxycodone Substitute Shows Lower Abuse Potential

Oxycodone Substitute Shows Lower Abuse Potential

Investigators assessed the potential for abuse associated with NKTR-181, a new mu-opioid receptor agonist analgesic.

Transition to Naltrexone in Opioid Use Disorder Benefits from Psychosocial Assessment

Transition to Naltrexone in Opioid Use Disorder Benefits from Psychosocial Assessment

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A combination of naltrexone induction and psychoeducational counseling was found to facilitate transition from active opioid use and buprenorphine maintenance in individuals with opioid use disorder.

Recommendations for Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Tolerance

Recommendations for Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Tolerance

With the increasing number of patients presenting to surgery with opioid tolerance, clinicians should be familiar with their specific analgesic needs.

Meds for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in OD Survivors

Meds for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in OD Survivors

Minority of opioid overdose survivors receive MOUD; buprenorphine, MMT linked to reduced mortality

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