Orthopedics

Regional Anesthesia Tied to Lower Opioid Use in TKA, Hip Arthroplasty

Regional Anesthesia Tied to Lower Opioid Use in TKA, Hip Arthroplasty

Findings based on comparison to general anesthesia for knee and hip arthroplasty

Effects of the Two Types of Anorexia Nervosa on Bone Metabolism

Effects of the Two Types of Anorexia Nervosa on Bone Metabolism

Investigators sought to determine whether both restrictive and purging types of anorexia nervosa effect bone metabolism.

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

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Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.

USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention

USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention

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The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.

Hip fracture risks increase with short-term PPI use in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Hip fracture risks increase with short-term PPI use in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Short-term proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are linked to an elevated risk for hip fracture among patients with Alzheimer's disease. No link is seem among patients taking long-term or cumulative PPIs.

FDA approves shock wave device to treat diabetic foot ulcers

FDA approves shock wave device to treat diabetic foot ulcers

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The FDA has approved the Dermapace System for treatment of chronic, full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers.

Case Study: Foot pain after jogging

Case Study: Foot pain after jogging

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A 64-year-old woman presents to an urgent care clinic with 24 hours of left foot pain. She states that she tweaked it while jogging. The pain is localized to the lateral portion of her foot.

Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: comparing postoperative treatment options for pain

Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: comparing postoperative treatment options for pain

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No significant differences were found in pain management for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between use of an abduction brace and antrotation sling.

Are your colleagues continuing to perform unnecessary arthroscopies?

Are your colleagues continuing to perform unnecessary arthroscopies?

Unknown knowns are ideas that we're aware of on some level but, for whatever reason, choose not to admit to ourselves.

Steroid treatment effective for carpal tunnel syndrome

Steroid treatment effective for carpal tunnel syndrome

The researchers found that four weeks after treatment there was significant improvement in Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire scores.

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

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The FSI proved to be at least as effective in predicting fracture risk in children as femoral and total body BMD.

Treating patients with a fracture: Engage an expert

Treating patients with a fracture: Engage an expert

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It is essential for healthcare professionals to collaborate with other experts from all specialty areas.

Long-term type 1 diabetes not associated with hand osteoarthritis

Long-term type 1 diabetes not associated with hand osteoarthritis

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However, long-term type 1 diabetes is associated with hand pain, disability, and stiffness.

Weight loss leads to lower cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis

Weight loss leads to lower cartilage degeneration in osteoarthritis

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Patients who lost weight over a 48-month period had a lower rate of cartilage degeneration than patients who maintained stable weight.

Fiber and chondroitin may reduce knee pain in osteoarthritis

Fiber and chondroitin may reduce knee pain in osteoarthritis

The researchers found that people who ate the most fiber were at lower risk of developing osteoarthritis knee pain.

Hand osteoarthritis will affect about 40% of people

Hand osteoarthritis will affect about 40% of people

Excess weight was also a risk factor for hand arthritis, according to the researchers.

Knee arthroscopy rates for osteoarthritis decrease in the United States

Knee arthroscopy rates for osteoarthritis decrease in the United States

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However, overall age and rates of knee arthroscopy increased between 1998 and 2006.

FDA approves radiofrequency treatment for osteoarthritis knee pain

FDA approves radiofrequency treatment for osteoarthritis knee pain

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The FDA has cleared Halyard Health's COOLIEF Radiofrequency Treatment for relief of chronic osteoarthritis knee pain.

Metabolic syndrome not linked to knee osteoarthritis

Metabolic syndrome not linked to knee osteoarthritis

Researchers found no association between metabolic syndrome and incident knee osteoarthritis.

Inpatient rehabilitation may not improve mobility in total knee arthroplasty

Inpatient rehabilitation may not improve mobility in total knee arthroplasty

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Researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether inpatient rehabilitation provided greater improvements compared with a monitored home-based program alone.

Total knee replacement for osteoarthritis has minimal effect on quality of life

Total knee replacement for osteoarthritis has minimal effect on quality of life

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Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative show that total knee replacement has minimal effects on quality of life among patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Knee osteoarthritis linked to increased risk of hypertension

Knee osteoarthritis linked to increased risk of hypertension

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Researchers observed a higher incidence of hypertension in patients with knee osteoarthritis compared with patients without osteoarthritis.

Thoracic outlet syndrome: A review

Thoracic outlet syndrome: A review

The condition has one fundamental pathophysiology but multiple distinct clinical presentations, including venous and neurogenic.

Undiagnosed cellulitis

Undiagnosed cellulitis

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A patient is asked to follow up for care but does not, and severe cellulitis develop

Electroacupuncture may improve carpal tunnel symptoms

Electroacupuncture may improve carpal tunnel symptoms

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Patients treated with electroacupuncture plus splinting were more likely to show improvements.

Bupivacaine liposome injectable improves total knee arthroplasty outcomes

Bupivacaine liposome injectable improves total knee arthroplasty outcomes

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Patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty have better outcomes with bupivacaine liposome injectable than traditional anesthetics.

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

Overweight, obese patients have increased osteoarthritis risk

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The risk of developing hand, hip, and knee osteoarthritis is increased in people who are overweight or obese.

Osteoarthritis: conservative treatment options

Osteoarthritis: conservative treatment options

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common problems encountered in primary care, and conservative treatment can improve patients' quality of life.

Wrist pain after a fall: a simple fracture?

Wrist pain after a fall: a simple fracture?

After a fall on an outstretched hand, wrist injuries are common, but ligament tears should also be considered in adults.

Radiographs not reliable for detecting hip osteoarthritis

Radiographs not reliable for detecting hip osteoarthritis

In two osteoarthritis studies, radiographs correctly detected hip OA in only a fraction of patients.

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