Pain Management Information Center Archive
The FDA commissioned the report to provide an update on current evidence on research, care, and education in the pain field, and to identify actionable measures for the FDA to more adequately address the ongoing opioid epidemic.
However, the number of opioids prescribed decreased between 2010 and 2015.
Among the nearly 40 million Americans who have a mental health condition, about 19% use prescription opioids.
Researchers found that back pain patients are also more likely to get higher doses of opioids.
Ketamine may alleviate depression, pain, and adverse effects associated with opioid treatment.
Clinicians should consider limiting pre-TKA opioid prescriptions to optimize the benefits of TKA.
Many PA students and practicing PAs did not feel that their PA program adequately trained them to screen for opioid abuse.
Oral corticosteroids could be an alternative symptomatic treatment for acute sore throat, which is a significant burden in primary care and a source of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction was associated with short-term benefits for pain intensity and physical functioning.
Administration of acetaminophen at the recommended dosage yields serum concentrations below 10 µg/mL due to increased elimination.
Researchers found that some surgery patients may face a higher risk of becoming dependent on opioids.
The recently released CDC guidelines on opioid prescribing remain a topic of debate.
Radiofrequency treatment is an effective option for treating refractory chronic knee, hip, and shoulder joint pain.
Patients with chronic pain who are hospitalized have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality, longer lengths of stay, and more frequent readmissions than patients without chronic pain.
At 1 month after the intervention, the percentage of responders was higher in the GC IDI group than the control group.
The drug combination significantly contributes to the overall population risk of opioid overdose.
The Veterans Administration and Department of Defense issue a clinical practice guideline regarding opioid therapy for chronic pain in veterans.
The ACP has released 3 recommendations for the treatment of patients with acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain.
Intravenous lidocaine is safe for reducing pain in patients in the ICU with varying degrees of organ dysfunction.
The toolkit will provide healthcare professionals with adequate tools to manage their patients' pain.
Researchers identify strategies that could ensure access to naloxone.
Recent data suggests that a virtual reality game could reduce pain by as much as one-half.
A program based on cognitive behavioral therapy and physical exercise could improve pain self-management in patients with complex pain.
Intrarosa provides an additional treatment option for women with dyspareunia caused by vulvar and vaginal atrophy.
Lidocaine patches may be effective for patients who are in pain but are looking to avoid drugs that could be addictive.
Researchers conducted an examination in patients over 65 years with moderate-to-severe pain in an academic emergency department.
Conditions such as chronic disease, mental illness, or substance abuse commonly overlap with each other and with poverty, which contributes to poor health.
Patients would like more thorough conversations with their primary care physician over the use of naloxone.
No significant differences were observed among treatments for pediatric migraines.
The average total cost was lower for pregabalin treatment due to lower use of concomitant medications, fewer primary care visits, and fewer sick days.
Women who received epidural pain relief during labor had lower scores on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.
Patients who knew they were taking a placebo pill still experienced less lower back pain.
Data from the CDC's National Health Statistics Reports show that more than half of adults in the United States have a musculoskeletal pain disorder.
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids in adolescence leads to substance use disorder symptoms in adulthood
Using medical or nonmedical prescribed opioids in adolescence may lead to alcohol, drug, and mental health disorders in adulthood.
A young Caucasian woman presented with complaints of years regarding pain in her feet but did not know the cause.
Massage therapy appears to be efficacious for reducing pain and anxiety in patients who are about to undergo or are recovering from surgical procedures.
Patients who suffer from cervical disc herniation can find relieve in percutaneous nucleoplasty (PCN) and pulsed radio frequency (PRF).
Data showed an increase in dystrophin production that could predict clinical benefit among patients with DMD.
Pregabalin significantly improves pain irrespective of the time since pain onset.
Developments in functional, structural, and neurochemical imaging could help predict individuals with acute pain who are likely to progress to chronic pain.
Oxycodone/naloxone may provide effective analgesia and improve patients' ability to participate in physiotherapy.
Research has shown that use of suboxone and methadone, in conjunction with counseling, can be effective addiction treatment.
Guideline from the American Urological Association has been revised to incorporate the management of patients with staghorn renal stones.
Patients provided with at least 2 refills were 2.25 times more likely to develop an opioid dependency.
Prepubertal children who regularly engage in sedentary behavior have an increased likelihood of experiencing various pain conditions.
Metamizole should be considered in patients with contraindications to NSAIDs.
Screening for pain at every visit is recommended, and management and treatment options are specified.
Ice is among alternative recommendations for treatment of chronic pain.
Older adults presenting with abdominal pain should be screened for appendicitis.
Pain management specialists may have an important role to play in the treatment of patients with chronic visceral pain.
The adoption of various state laws did not affect rates of opioid prescription or strength of dose.
Only 5.5% of ER patients are diagnosed with 1 of 6 life threatening conditions.
Despite being well-informed, many parents struggled to manage their child's postoperative pain.
Patients with chronic, noncancer pain who were treated with long-acting opioid therapy had a 1.6 times greater risk of death.
After an acute hospitalization, many Medicare beneficiaries submit pharmacy claims for opioid prescriptions.
The HEART pathway app provides doctors in the ED with a digital application an already proven method of assessment.
Patients on opioids for chronic pain who were coprescribed naloxone had 47% fewer opioid-related ER visits.
Despite the widespread use of NSAIDs to treat pain, many patients lack knowledge about these medications and their risks.
No difference was recorded between patients treated with lidocaine plus amitriptyline versus patients treated with acetaminophen and tramadol.
For patients with chronic low back pain, opioids may provide some short-term relief but are unlikely to be effective within recommended doses.
Acceptance and commitment therapy can have positive outcomes in adults with chronic pain.
Chronic pain in veterans has been linked to mental health conditions and high use of healthcare resources.
Researchers found no serious adverse events related to treatment with cannabinoids.
Probuphine is the first buprenorphine implant approved for the maintenance treatment of opioid dependence.
After 8 weeks, patients with rheumatoid arthritis who took probiotics showed improvements in disease activity and metabolic health.
For patients with basilar or hemiplegic migraines, two common migraine medications do not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.
Clinicians in hospital settings need strategies in place to safely provide opioid pain relief to hospitalized patients.
Spinal manipulation patients experienced statistically, but not clinically significant, reductions in pain and disability.
Slippery elm may be beneficial for patients with GI complaints.
Readers provide more suggestions for treating musculoskeletal pain.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common problems encountered in primary care, and conservative treatment can improve patients' quality of life.
Which non-narcotic analgesics are best for treating musculoskeletal pain?
Interventional pain specialists can work together with primary care providers to provide the best care for patients managing chronic pain.
Although opioids are often prescribed for noncancer pain, a new review shows that they are no more effective than acetaminophen or NSAIDs.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy may be useful to improve chronic low back pain.
A national push to decrease opioid prescription rates has not led to a net decrease in overdose deaths. Has progress been made?
The CDC's new guideline regarding opioid therapy for chronic pain focuses on balancing potential benefits and harms to the patient.
Patient monitoring and pain specialist support can help primary care practitioners better manage their patients taking opioids for chronic pain.
When compared to naproxen alone, the combination of either cyclobenzaprine or oxycodone/acetaminophene plus naproxen does not as effectively improve acute, nontraumatic lower back pain.
Trial results show that patients with chronic neck pain benefit from acupuncture and Alexander Technique treatment in conjunction with their usual pain management.
The FDA approval of a pediatric indication for Oxycontin creates a safer situation for terminally ill children.
The FDA has approved a pediatric indication for OxyContin in patients as young as 11 years.
For patients with severe osteoarthritis, dangling their legs can help with intra-articular injections.
Most pharmacies have a generic, affordable "caine" medication to relieve pain in wound care.
Oral prednisone can improve functional status in patients with acute radiculopathy due to a herniated disk but does not improve pain.
Emergency-department initiated buprenorphine treatment may increase addiction treatment and decrease opioid use in patients with opioid dependence .
Headache is one of the most common complaints in outpatient practice. There are 10 things that clinicians need to know to help treat their patients with headache.
A significant number of pain patients who use alternative therapies have not discussed them with their clinicians.
A patient overdoses when communication breaks down between clinicians.
Needle aponeurotomy and collagenase Clostridium histolyticum are both viable options for treating patients with Dupuytren disease.
A man with worsening pain in his right arm is diagnosed with reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Patients with chronic arthritis were 15.8% more likely to have work disability.
Significant improvements in total FSFI score and in desire, excitement, lubrication domains.
Opioids had no impact on exercise capacity, however.
Acetaminophen provided a small benefit in the reduction of pain and disability in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee and provided no benefit in reducing pain in patients with lower back pain.
Patients who remain cheerful, despite personal drama, deserved to be recognized for the effort they put in.
The risk of back pain was highest between 7 a.m. and noon.
Some HIV-positive patients may be employing harmful self-management strategies to cope with chronic pain.
It is irresponsible and unprofessional to assume that once a patient is pregnant, her pain management is the responsibility of the obstetric team.
Primary-care providers should try to ease pediatric patients' anxiety about needles by preparing them for what to expect.