Pain Management

Low Literacy Self-Management Program for Chronic Pain May Be Effective

Low Literacy Self-Management Program for Chronic Pain May Be Effective

A low-literacy, pain self-management program delivered one-on-one by a health educator or in groups with lectures from experts over a period of 6 months may improve chronic pain outcomes.

Chronic Low Back Pain Levels Vary Between Sex and Race

Chronic Low Back Pain Levels Vary Between Sex and Race

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Differences exist in race and gender in patients with chronic lower back pain, especially in pain sensitivity and severity due to aftersensations from mechanical punctuate pain and deep muscle hyperalgesia.

Fewer Cervical Spine Injuries Seen With Motorcycle Helmet Use

Fewer Cervical Spine Injuries Seen With Motorcycle Helmet Use

Findings based on analysis of motorcycle accident victims by helmet use.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

Wide Variations in Opioid Prescribing Practices for Surgical Procedures

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Variation exists in opioid prescribing practices among clinicians in single-hospital systems, which prompts concern about the potential for opioid overprescribing.

Combination Therapies for Low Back Pain, Sciatica May Not Have Added Benefit

Combination Therapies for Low Back Pain, Sciatica May Not Have Added Benefit

There is a lack of evidence supporting the benefits of combination drug therapy over monotherapy for the management of low back pain and sciatica.

FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

FDA to Review Novel Opioid Analgesic for Chronic Low Back Pain

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This novel agent has low permeability across the blood-brain barrier, which slows its rate of entry into the brain and reduces dopamine release.

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Postpartum Pain Management Recommendations From the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

A committee from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists formulated several recommendations for safely managing pain and fatigue in women during the early postpartum period.

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Preoperative Opioids Used by Nearly One-Quarter of Surgical Patients

Odds of pre-op opioid use up with age 31 to 40 years, tobacco use, illicit drug use, depression.

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Only 44 of parents would definitely go to ER if their child had headache that didn't improve with medication.

Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain

Radiofrequency Denervation Efficacious in Treating Thoracic Zygapophyseal Joint Pain

Radiofrequency denervation, typically used to treat lumbar and cervical zygapophyseal joint pain, has shown efficacy in treating thoracic zygapophyseal joint pain.

Emergency Physicians Offer Recommendations for Identifying and Managing Opioid Use Disorder

Emergency Physicians Offer Recommendations for Identifying and Managing Opioid Use Disorder

American emergency medicine physicians have been taking measures to address the ongoing opioid crisis, which affects emergency departments throughout the country.

Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain

Pain Societies Issue Guidelines on Use of Ketamine for the Management of Acute Pain

Consensus guidelines regarding the use of ketamine for the management of acute pain have been approved.

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

Surgeon General Jerome M. Adams, M.D., M.P.H., has urged more Americans to carry naloxone, an FDA-approved medication that can be delivered via nasal mist or injection and can temporarily suspend the effects of opioid overdose.

Stat Consult: Chronic Low Back Pain

Stat Consult: Chronic Low Back Pain

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Chronic low back pain (LBP) defined as persistent or fluctuating musculoskeletal pain of lower back and lumbar spine lasting >3 months.

FDA Upscheduling of Hydrocodone Places Burden on APRNs

FDA Upscheduling of Hydrocodone Places Burden on APRNs

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A study assessing the impact of upscheduling of hydrocodone combined medications on APRN practices in Oklahoma revealed significant barriers to effective pain management.

NKTR-181 for Chronic Lower Back Pain:  SUMMIT-07 Results

NKTR-181 for Chronic Lower Back Pain: SUMMIT-07 Results

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The phase 3 SUMMIT-07 trial assessed the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of a new mu-opioid receptor agonist analgesic in adults with moderate to severe chronic lower back pain.

Recommendations for Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Tolerance

Recommendations for Perioperative Pain Management in Patients With Opioid Tolerance

With the increasing number of patients presenting to surgery with opioid tolerance, clinicians should be familiar with their specific analgesic needs.

Cryoablation Efficacious for Cancer Pain, Review Finds

Cryoablation Efficacious for Cancer Pain, Review Finds

Cryoablation also cuts the need for opioids at 24 hours post-treatment and at three months

PTSD Symptoms and the Acute Pain Response in Low-Income Women

PTSD Symptoms and the Acute Pain Response in Low-Income Women

Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms may be associated with higher levels of acute pain and pain interference in low-income inner city women.

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Recommendations Developed for Managing Postpartum Pain

Impact of medications on mother-infant dyad should be considered, as many women breastfeed

Adding Chiropractic to Usual Care Beneficial for Low Back Pain

Adding Chiropractic to Usual Care Beneficial for Low Back Pain

Improvements in low back pain intensity and disability among active-duty military personnel

First-of-Its-Kind Migraine Drug Receives FDA Approval

First-of-Its-Kind Migraine Drug Receives FDA Approval

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The efficacy of Aimovig was evaluated as a preventive treatment of episodic or chronic migraine in 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies: 2 studies in patients with episodic migraine (4-14 migraine days per month) and 1 study in patients with chronic migraine (≥15 headache days per month with ≥8 migraine days per month).

Combining Spinal Manipulation and Exercise for Low Back Pain in Adolescents

Combining Spinal Manipulation and Exercise for Low Back Pain in Adolescents

A combination of self-care education, aerobic and strength-training exercise, and spinal manipulation therapy may provide greater pain relief and improved treatment satisfaction compared with exercise only in adolescents with low back pain.

Helping to End Addiction: NIH Initiative Addresses Opioid Epidemic

Helping to End Addiction: NIH Initiative Addresses Opioid Epidemic

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National Institutes of Health Director, Francis Collins, MD, PhD, announced on April 4, 2018 the launch of the Helping to End Addiction Long-Term Initiative.

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk of Chronic Pain

Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk of Chronic Pain

Findings based on two-year follow-up of a large, community-dwelling cohort in Malaysia

CBT vs Pain Education for Chronic Pain in Low-Income Clinics

CBT vs Pain Education for Chronic Pain in Low-Income Clinics

Group cognitive behavioral therapy and pain education may be more effective than usual care for improving pain and physical function in patients presenting with chronic pain at low-income clinics.

Tai Chi May Be Therapeutic Option for Fibromyalgia

Tai Chi May Be Therapeutic Option for Fibromyalgia

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Tai chi interventions may be more effective at treating fibromyalgia than aerobic exercise.

FDA: Social Media Companies Are Not Doing Enough to Stop Illegal Opioid Sales

FDA: Social Media Companies Are Not Doing Enough to Stop Illegal Opioid Sales

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FDA has called on social media companies and internet service providers to take a proactive approach in curbing online selling of opioids through their platforms.

Gluten-free diet associated with reduced neuropathy pain

Gluten-free diet associated with reduced neuropathy pain

Individuals with gluten neuropathy experienced less peripheral neuropathic pain when adhering to strict gluten-free diets.

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