Pediatrics Archive

Takeout meal consumption linked to adverse health risks in children

The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.

Delayed treatment after epileptic seizure onset leads to higher mortality rate

Ill-timed administration of benzodiazepine treatment in pediatric patients with refractory convulsive status epilepticus is associated with many short-term adverse events.

CDC reports lack of sleep in majority of school children

Nearly 75% of high school students are not getting enough sleep.

Postsurgical death risk greater in black children

Preoperative risk factors were greater in African-American children compared with white children.

Optimizing pediatric health between pediatricians and public health professionals: AAP recommendations

In a policy statement Pediatrics , recommendations are presented for increasing cooperation between pediatricians and public health professionals in order to ensure optimal health for children.

Comorbidity risks increase in children with psoriasis

Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis screening: a USPSTF recommendation statement

The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.

CDC: Unsafe infant sleep practices prevalent in the US

Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a non-supine sleep position, are still prevalent in the United States.

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.

Some infants are prematurely exposed to complementary foods

About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.

Infant mortality rate varied by state, race from 2013 to 2015

The infant mortality rate varied by state, from 4.28 to 9.08 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts and Mississippi, respectively, in 2013 through 2015.

Obesity in preschoolers leads to exacerbated asthma

Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.

Average birth weights have decreased among infants born in Flint, Michigan

Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.

Children are exposed to more allergens in daycare than at home

Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.

Prescription video game shows promising results for pediatric ADHD

A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.

Omega-3 supplementation improves pediatric executive functioning

Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.

Cerebral morphometric alterations can help detect ADHD in children

Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.

Methotrexate vs tumor necrosis factor inhibitors for pediatric psoriasis

Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.

ADHD medication in pregnancy linked to few absolute increased risks

Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.

Clinician accuracy low for lyme disease diagnosis

Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Brief intervention may be beneficial for adolescents with chronic pain

A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.

Prenatal ADHD treatment linked to neonatal morbidity

Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.

Delayed vs immediate cord clamping: comparing the impact on preterm infant health

Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.

Vaccination coverage remains above 90% for infants

Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.

AAP releases updated information on cord blood banking

The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.

Halloween tips for children with diabetes

With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.

Clinical tool developed to determine pediatric community-acquired pneumonia severity

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.

Infection prevention in ambulatory settings: A policy statement from the AAP

The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.

Antidepressant use linked to type 2 diabetes in young adults

Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.

Diabetes risk greater in children, young adults on second-generation antipsychotics

Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Antenatal multivitamin use linked to lower autism risk in offspring

Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.

AAP releases list of 5 unnecessary endocrine-related tests

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.

Insulin pump linked to better glycemic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy is linked to lower risks of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis and better glycemic control than insulin injection therapy.

Tdap vaccination during pregnancy protects infants from pertussis

With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.

Most adolescents with ADHD have indifferent attitudes toward medication

A majority of study participants also reported that they frequently skip doses of ADHD medication.

Once-daily HIV tablet safe for children

Elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide was well tolerated in children and maintained high virological suppression.

Many US adults affected by ADHD not properly treated

There is an unmet need for better treatment to manage symptom burden among US adults with ADHD.

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease increases cancer risk in adulthood

Patients with childhood-onset IBD have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, lymphoid neoplasms, and skin cancer,

New biochemical bone assessment predicts fracture risk in children

The FSI proved to be at least as effective in predicting fracture risk in children as femoral and total body BMD.

FDA approves Adzenys ER for ADHD treatment

The FDA has approved Adzenys ER extended-release oral suspension ADHD treatment for patients 6 years and older.

Suicide attempt risk not associated with ADHD treatment

There does not appear to be an association between methylphenidate hydrochloride treatment for ADHD and suicide attempts.

FDA to review novel investigational treatment for ADHD

Sunovion has submitted a New Drug Application for dasotraline, a new treatment for ADHD.

USPSTF recommends screening for amblyopia in all children aged 3 to 5 years

The USPSTF recommends that children aged 3 to 5 years undergo vision screening at least once to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

2017-2018 recommendations for pediatric influenza vaccination

The guidelines include a strong recommendation for annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older.

Influenza vaccination rates drop in children when nasal spray is unavailable

Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.

Clinical pathway beneficial for pediatric acute gastroenteritis

Clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis patients is associated with a sustained reduction in IV fluid use and length of stay in the pediatric emergency department.

PrEP adherence in adolescent MSM decreases over time

Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.

FDA approves Chagas disease treatment for children

The FDA has approved benznidazole to treat the tropical parasitic infection Chagas disease in children.

Updated recommendations for pediatric integrative medicine

The recommendations update the AAP's original 2008 statement on complementary medicine.

AAP: Hepatitis B vaccine should be given within first 24 hours of life

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.

Shorter sleep duration linked to higher diabetes risk in children

Sleep duration for 1 hour longer was associated with lower BMI, fat mass, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose but had no effect on HbA1c or cardiovascular risk.

Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia

No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.

Anti-vaccine information during pregnancy could delay infant immunization

Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.

Managing high blood pressure in children: a clinical practice guideline

The AAP has released an updated clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of high blood pressure in children.

Antiemetics: a clinical practice guideline update from ASCO

The updated guidelines will help clinicians prevent and manage nausea and vomiting caused by antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy in cancer patients.

Child with HIV suppresses virus without antiretroviral therapy for more than 8 years

A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.

Contraception and adolescents: ACOG releases counseling recommendations for clinicians

The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.

Screening guidelines for pediatric psoriasis comorbidities

The guidelines are the first to provide recommendations for comorbidity screening in pediatric psoriasis patients.

12.9 million infants worldwide not vaccinated in 2016: A WHO report

Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.

Antibody screenings could detect celiac disease in asymptomatic children

Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.

Many children with suspected penicillin allergy may not be allergic

A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.

CDC: 101 influenza deaths in children reported for 2016-17

A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.

Maternal antibodies inhibit antigenic responses to vaccines in infants

Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.

USPSTF recommends obesity screening in children aged 6 years and older

The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Majority of birth defects have unknown etiology

About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.

Too much or too little gestational weight gain increases risk of adverse outcomes

Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.

Breast milk bacteria seed development of infant gut microbiome

Findings show that bacteria from mothers' breast milk and areolar skin are transferred to their infants' guts.

FDA approves medical device to treat esophageal atresia

The new device uses magnetic catheters to draw the upper and lower esophagus together.

FDA approves first generic forms of Strattera for ADHD

The generic forms of Strattera are the first to be approved by the FDA for the treatment of ADHD.

Zinc effective in children with presymptomatic Wilson disease

Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.

Wrong-patient orders are more likely in NICU vs non-NICU pediatric units

Implementation of a combined ID re-entry intervention and distinct naming convention greatly reduced the risk.

Celiac disease linked to diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Celiac disease is associated with anorexia nervosa before and after a diagnosis of celiac disease.

Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy lowers risk for newborns

Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.

PCV10 vaccine decreases pneumonia rate in children

PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.

Antibiotic prescribing in primary care varies for community-acquired pneumonia

Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia

Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Annual rate of perinatal HIV infection decreased in United States

However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.

Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia

A hypoglycemia bundle was created in order to reduce hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia.

Adolescents not seeking STD services due to confidentiality issues

Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.

HPV educational session may boost vaccination rates in high school students

The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.

Sepsis risk calculator helps decrease antibiotic use in infants

Data presented at NAPNAP show that an early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants who received a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.

Low vitamin E in pregnant women increases asthma risk in offspring

Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizer ingestion linked to increasing illnesses in children

Some older children may be intentionally consuming brands containing alcohol, according to CDC researchers.

MRI may detect autism before age 1

MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.

Uric acid concentration and fructose intake linked to NASH in children

Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Licorice consumption during pregnancy may be harmful for offspring

Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.

2017 immunization schedule for children and adolescents released by CDC

The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.

Rate of vitamin D deficiency increased in children from 2000 to 2014

Researchers observed a 15-fold increase in diagnosis from 2008 to 2014 after accounting for demographic changes.

FDA approves first newborn screening system for rare metabolic disorders

The Seeker System is approved to screen for four rare lysosomal storage disorders in newborns.

Recurrent pneumonia resulting from misdiagnosed endobronchial suture—a case synopsis

Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.

ADHD accounts for 6 million annual clinician visits for children

More than 6 million physician visits were made by children between 4 and 17 years of age with ADHD in 2012 to 2013.

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.

Monitoring asthma control in children: AAP recommendations for clinicians

Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.

NIH releases addendum guidelines to prevent peanut allergies through early introduction

The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.

Psychiatric, behavioral conditions linked to future long-term opioid use

Patients diagnosed with a prior psychiatric condition have increased odds of long-term opioid receipt than patients without these conditions.

FDA issues warning of anesthesia use in children and pregnant women

The FDA warns against the repeated or prolonged use of anesthesia in pregnant women and in children younger than 3 years of age.

Neonatal abstinence syndrome increases among rural-born infants

Diagnoses of neonatal abstinence syndrome rose from 1.2 per 1,000 hospital births to 7.5 per 1,000 hospital births among rural infants between 2004 and 2013.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters