CXR had negative predictive value of 98.8% in children evaluated for suspected pneumonia.
Extreme differences in daily photoperiod during pregnancy may be related to risk for lifetime depression in offspring.
Gradually increasing academic pursuits requires careful planning among the medical, school, and family units to enable prompt return and avoidance of prolonging school absence.
One-time nurse-led call does not lower reutilization of urgent care services after pediatric discharge.
Supplementation linked to higher BMI z score at age 6 years but no higher proportion of obese children.
A short course of oral steroids was not found to significantly improve otitis media with effusion in children.
Perioperative and emergency department use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as part of a multimodal analgesia regimen may improve pain control in pediatric populations and avoid opioid-related adverse events.
CT scans may be warranted in the case of vomiting, unconsciousness, and severe, worsening headaches.
All children age 6 months and older, including teens, advised to undergo annual immunization.
Increases in use of 1 or more contraceptive methods, dual-method use, long-acting reversibles.
Postoperative Complications of Pediatric Appendicitis Increase Risk for Adverse Events, Greater Hospital Resource Use
Complicated appendicitis in pediatric patients may result in surgical site infections, revisits, increased length of stay, and increased cumulative cost from all encounters.
Significant increases in prevalence in subgroups by age, sex, race/ethnicity, income, geographic region.
Decision made 'out of an abundance of caution and concern for the safety of students and employees'.
Findings support ED discharge with oral antibiotics for children with urinary tract infection.
Recall due to mismarked dosage cup in 4-oz bottles of Children's Advil Suspension Bubble Gum Flavored.
But less than one-half and one-quarter are exclusively breastfeeding through 3 and 6 months.
Spinal manipulative therapy plus exercise more effective than exercise alone over 1-year period.
For this study, researchers investigated the incidence of primary ovarian insufficiency incidence and estimated risk for POI after vaccination with human papillomavirus, Tdap, influenza and meningococcal conjugate using Kaiser Permanente Northwest electronic health records from 2006 to 2014.
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.
Children with abdominal pain commonly had clinically significant anxiety, moderate disability, pain.
Five evidence-based recommendations list tests, procedures that doctors, patients should question.
Completion of a care bundle for pediatric patients within 1 hour of sepsis recognition, which includes blood cultures, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and a 20-mL/kg intravenous fluid bolus, was associated with lower in-hospital mortality among children with sepsis and septic shock
Drowning is leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children aged 1 to 4 years.
No substantive or significant associations between HPV legislation and adolescent sexual behaviors.
However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.
Findings independent of offsprings' views on religious importance.
It is critical for us to remember that children are not little adults. Pediatric-onset diabetes is different from adult-onset diabetes due to its distinct epidemiology, pathophysiology, developmental considerations, and response to therapy.
Findings among teens diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease in the emergency department.
Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.
Findings based on study of Bangladeshi women and infants, a population with known deficiency.
Findings suggest need for reimbursement to have severity adjustment, especially in underserved areas.
Grass, other weeds, and unclassified pollen were significantly associated with increased risk for asthma hospitalization in young children.
Poorer quality sleep for children, parents attributed to high levels of noise.
Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.
Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.
A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.
Substantial improvements to food additives regulatory system are needed.
Maternal lithium use in the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk for infant malformations.
Exemption from vaccination is common in Arizona school districts due to lack of trust in medical establishments.
Respiratory symptoms were more common in older children compared with infants who presented with food-induced anaphylaxis.
Weighted net estimated increase of 795,000 US youths being reclassified as having hypertension.
The Endocrine Society, European Society of Endocrinology, and Pediatric Endocrine Society issue guidelines for the management of hypothalamic-pituitary and growth disorders in childhood cancer survivors.
Platelet counts of 150,000/mm at time of delivery more common with pregnancy-related complications
Only 44 of parents would definitely go to ER if their child had headache that didn't improve with medication.
Investigators examined rates, predictors, and outcomes of neuroimaging in pediatric and adolescent patients who presented to the ED with a headache.
Pelvic exam doesn't add to history for diagnosis of STIs in young females with suspected cervicitis, PID.
The administration of PCV7 and PCV13 reduced the number of ambulatory visits for otitis media in pediatric patients.
The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.
Others have argued that dismissal is ethically problematic because it can deprive children of comprehensive pediatric care and undermine public health.
Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels
Researchers assessed whether current metabolic parameters are inversely associated with cognitive functioning.
Visit provides unique opportunity to address relationship between family and pediatric practice.
The safety assessment included incidence of insertion or procedure-related removal and device-related serious adverse events through 180 after insertion.
Association holds after adjustment for unmeasured genetic, environmental factors
These findings are in line with previous research, which suggested that abuse and neglect in childhood have different effects on the brain.
Pediatric exposure to buprenorphine can result in serious adverse outcomes, especially among children aged younger than 6 years.
Vivio can accurately detect cardiac dysfunction in anthracycline-exposed childhood cancer survivors
Sodium chloride content of intravenous fluids does not affect neurologic events in children with diabetic ketoacidosis.
The American Academy of Pediatrics releases a new clinical report on the diagnosis and treatment of clinically significant gastroesophageal reflux.
Increase seen carbapenem- and cephalosporin-resistant strains, with peak in 2008
Fetal genetic score for birth weight affects fetal growth at various maternal fasting plasma glucose levels.
Associated with increased risk of composite end point of acute rejection, allograft failure
Psychological impairment seen particularly in those with chronic health conditions
If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.
At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys
Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases
Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism
Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.
Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time
Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota
Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women
The Agency is urging manufacturers to stop marketing OTC oral drug products containing benzocaine for teething to this patient population.
The hexavalent DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine may not affect Hib vaccine efficacy.
In black infants who were born preterm, vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for recurrent wheezing.
Estimates of prescription medication use in children and adolescents showed an overall decrease in use of any medication from 1999 to 2014.
Following latest shooting, pediatricians join call for action to be taken to address firearm deaths, injury
Researchers emphasized the need for outcomes research in pediatric populations to elucidate the long-term effects of early and sustained psychotropic medication exposure.
Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.
Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.
From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks
Gilenya is the first multiple sclerosis drug approved for children
The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.
POEM scores didn't meet minimal clinically important difference after adjustment for confounders
Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.
Investigators examined presenting features of migraine vs arterial ischemic stroke in children presenting to the emergency department.
Relative decrease in buprenorphine-naloxone exposure after transition to unit-dose packaging
Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8 to 14.2%.
Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.
Maternal caffeine consumption tied to higher infant growth and childhood excess weight gain
No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
No significant difference in mortality for those undergoing whole body CT vs selective CT approach
Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.
In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood
In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.
Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.
Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
Children with chronic irritability, including depressive or anxious moods, may be at an increased risk for suicidality or suicidal thoughts as adolescents.