Increase seen carbapenem- and cephalosporin-resistant strains, with peak in 2008
Fetal genetic score for birth weight affects fetal growth at various maternal fasting plasma glucose levels.
Associated with increased risk of composite end point of acute rejection, allograft failure
Psychological impairment seen particularly in those with chronic health conditions
If trends continue, about one-third of children and one-half of teens will be obese/overweight by 2030.
At age 5 years, decreased waist circumference in both sexes, reduced insulin concentrations in boys
Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases
Significant, positive link for common allergies, especially food allergy, with autism
Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.
Long-term mortality elevated even for mild defects; overall survival improved over time
Elevated risk of overweight for formula-fed infants attenuated with adjustment for gut microbiota
Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women
The Agency is urging manufacturers to stop marketing OTC oral drug products containing benzocaine for teething to this patient population.
The hexavalent DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine may not affect Hib vaccine efficacy.
In black infants who were born preterm, vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for recurrent wheezing.
Estimates of prescription medication use in children and adolescents showed an overall decrease in use of any medication from 1999 to 2014.
Following latest shooting, pediatricians join call for action to be taken to address firearm deaths, injury
Researchers emphasized the need for outcomes research in pediatric populations to elucidate the long-term effects of early and sustained psychotropic medication exposure.
Diethylstilbestrol exposure during pregnancy is associated with multigenerational neurodevelopmental deficits in childhood, including ADHD.
Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.
From 2007 to 2015 there was a decrease in perinatal mortality at gestational ages 39 to 40 weeks
Gilenya is the first multiple sclerosis drug approved for children
The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.
POEM scores didn't meet minimal clinically important difference after adjustment for confounders
Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.
Investigators examined presenting features of migraine vs arterial ischemic stroke in children presenting to the emergency department.
Relative decrease in buprenorphine-naloxone exposure after transition to unit-dose packaging
Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8 to 14.2%.
Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.
Maternal caffeine consumption tied to higher infant growth and childhood excess weight gain
No statistically significant difference was observed in the number or duration of prenatal ultrasonographic scans across the entire pregnancy in children with later autism compared with controls with non-ASD developmental delay or typical development.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
No significant difference in mortality for those undergoing whole body CT vs selective CT approach
Some allergic diseases associated with acid-suppressive, antibiotic intake in infants younger than 6 months old include food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.
In Utero Exposure to Multiple AEDs, Sodium Valproate Linked to Poor Educational Attainment in Childhood
In utero exposure to AEDs in combination, or sodium valproate alone, is associated with a significant decrease in attainment in national educational tests for 7-year-old children.
Increased adiposity in childhood may negatively impact liver function in children as young as 8 years old.
Co-occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is common in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.
Children with chronic irritability, including depressive or anxious moods, may be at an increased risk for suicidality or suicidal thoughts as adolescents.
Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.
After program initiation in 10 high schools, students responded positively to the campaign by having greater awareness, better identification skills of depression, and reduced stigma.
Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.
Complete genome sequences were elucidated for 31 fetuses from amniotic fluid. Two methods of DNA extraction proved to be relatively equal in quality of complete genome sequence.
Singleton low birthweight rates increased from 2014 to 2016, according to a March data brief by the CDC and NCHS.
A diabetes transition registry may help adolescents with type 1 diabetes plan and prepare for independent adult care.
School attendance or daycare for immunosuppressed pediatric cancer patients remains a topic of uncertainty for many clinicians.
Standardizing postpartum depression screening in the ambulatory pediatric setting coupled with implementing a referral algorithm and referral guide can help more PPD cases be identified, further evaluated, and treated.
Better glycemic control, weight reduction with surgical treatment for youths with T2D, severe obesity
For adolescents with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity, surgical therapy facilitates glycemic control and weight reduction better than medical therapy.
Implementing mental health services early on in pediatric oncology patients has significant benefits, as managing such distress before symptom severity worsens creates better short- and long-term outcomes.
Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.
Hospital notifications are received more quickly by teen patients with STIs as text messages rather than phone calls.
The US opioid crisis is negatively affecting children, and the rate of hospitalization and pediatric intensive care unit admission for pediatric opioid ingestions is increasing.
Increased daily family management, which includes attending to physical, psychological, or social aspects of a child with special healthcare needs, may be negatively associated with quality of life in children with chronic conditions.
Maternal factors, such as age and stress levels, may be linked with infant feeding concerns.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
Bullying and maltreatment may be factors that explain the high pregnancy levels in teenage sexual minorities.
Two primary care pediatric clinics study the relationship between screen time use and mental health effects on children between 6 and 12 years old.
The world's smallest mechanical heart valve was approved by the FDA for newborns and young infants with heart defects.
NAPNAP will celebrate its 45th anniversary at the organization's National Conference in Chicago from March 19-22, 2018.
Clinicians using communication training and fact sheets to inform adolescents about HPV, significantly increased vaccination initiation and completion rates among their patients.
Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.
When testing for sensitivity to histamine, larger swelling sizes were recorded for infants with eczema and atopic dermatitis compared with infants without those conditions.
Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.
A cohort from the CANDLE study was assessed to determine if race plays a role in the protective effect of maternal vitamin D levels on childhood asthma.
Technical variant grafts may be better than whole grafts for living donor liver transplants in children.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has updated clinical practice guidelines to assist primary care clinicians in the management of adolescent depression.
Behavioral interventions that include sexual risk reduction combined with alcohol- and cannabis-focused elements are effective at reducing sexually transmitted infection incidence among justice-involved adolescents.
An inverse relation was observed between epilepsy and cerebral palsy and 5-minute and 10-minute Apgar scores.
The updates contain new or revised ACIP recommendations for poliovirus, influenza, and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, as well as a clarification of the recommendations for rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines.
Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.
The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Ill-timed administration of benzodiazepine treatment in pediatric patients with refractory convulsive status epilepticus is associated with many short-term adverse events.
Nearly 75% of high school students are not getting enough sleep.
Preoperative risk factors were greater in African-American children compared with white children.
Optimizing pediatric health between pediatricians and public health professionals: AAP recommendations
In a policy statement Pediatrics , recommendations are presented for increasing cooperation between pediatricians and public health professionals in order to ensure optimal health for children.
Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.
Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a non-supine sleep position, are still prevalent in the United States.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.
The infant mortality rate varied by state, from 4.28 to 9.08 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts and Mississippi, respectively, in 2013 through 2015.
Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.
Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.
A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.
Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.
Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.
Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.
Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.
Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.
A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.
Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.
Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.
Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.
Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.
The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.
With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.