The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Ill-timed administration of benzodiazepine treatment in pediatric patients with refractory convulsive status epilepticus is associated with many short-term adverse events.
Nearly 75% of high school students are not getting enough sleep.
Preoperative risk factors were greater in African-American children compared with white children.
Optimizing pediatric health between pediatricians and public health professionals: AAP recommendations
In a policy statement Pediatrics , recommendations are presented for increasing cooperation between pediatricians and public health professionals in order to ensure optimal health for children.
Some of the comorbidities include increased lipid levels, hypertension, and diabetes.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.
Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a non-supine sleep position, are still prevalent in the United States.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
About 16% of infants under 4 months were fed foods other than breast milk or formula.
The infant mortality rate varied by state, from 4.28 to 9.08 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts and Mississippi, respectively, in 2013 through 2015.
Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.
Day-care centers have more allergens from pets and mites than in homes.
A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.
Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.
Cerebral morphometric alterations can discriminate between children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls.
Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.
Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.
Clinician suspicion has minimal accuracy for the diagnosis of Lyme disease.
A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.
Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.
Treatment with ADHD medication during pregnancy was associated with a higher risk for neonatal morbidity, especially central nervous system-related disorders such as seizures.
Delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping show no major differences in health of preterm infants.
Infants aged 19-35 months had vaccination rates above 90%.
The policy statement from the AAP recommends public cord blood banking for collecting, processing, and using cord blood cells.
With a little creativity, children with diabetes can enjoy the festivities of Halloween.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.
The AAP has updated guidelines on infection prevention and control that include the endorsement of immunization for healthcare personnel and guidance during outbreaks of infectious diseases.
Type 2 diabetes risk is increased in young adults through antidepressant use, specifically the duration of use and the cumulative dose.
Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.
Maternal multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy may be inversely associated with ASD with intellectual disability in offspring.
The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled the list of tests for height and puberty, which should prompt careful discussion between parents and physicians.
Insulin pump therapy is linked to lower risks of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis and better glycemic control than insulin injection therapy.
With a continuing resurgence in pertussis, efforts should focus on maximizing Tdap uptake among pregnant women.
A majority of study participants also reported that they frequently skip doses of ADHD medication.
Elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide was well tolerated in children and maintained high virological suppression.
There is an unmet need for better treatment to manage symptom burden among US adults with ADHD.
Patients with childhood-onset IBD have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, lymphoid neoplasms, and skin cancer,
The FSI proved to be at least as effective in predicting fracture risk in children as femoral and total body BMD.
The FDA has approved Adzenys ER extended-release oral suspension ADHD treatment for patients 6 years and older.
There does not appear to be an association between methylphenidate hydrochloride treatment for ADHD and suicide attempts.
Sunovion has submitted a New Drug Application for dasotraline, a new treatment for ADHD.
The USPSTF recommends that children aged 3 to 5 years undergo vision screening at least once to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.
The guidelines include a strong recommendation for annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older.
Total influenza vaccination rates among children in the 2016 to 2017 influenza season dropped 1.6% from the year before.
Clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis patients is associated with a sustained reduction in IV fluid use and length of stay in the pediatric emergency department.
Adherence decreased over time in adolescent MSM who participated in a 48-week HIV PrEP intervention.
The FDA has approved benznidazole to treat the tropical parasitic infection Chagas disease in children.
The recommendations update the AAP's original 2008 statement on complementary medicine.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine should be given within the first 24 hours of life.
Sleep duration for 1 hour longer was associated with lower BMI, fat mass, insulin resistance, and fasting glucose but had no effect on HbA1c or cardiovascular risk.
Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia
No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.
Information about vaccines received during pregnancy could influence infant immunization.
The AAP has released an updated clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of high blood pressure in children.
The updated guidelines will help clinicians prevent and manage nausea and vomiting caused by antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy in cancer patients.
A child who was diagnosed with HIV at 1 month and received early treatment has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV therapy for 8.5 years.
The ACOG released recommendations to help clinicians counsel adolescents about using contraception.
The guidelines are the first to provide recommendations for comorbidity screening in pediatric psoriasis patients.
Nearly 1 in 10 infants did not receive any vaccinations in 2016, according to the World Health Organization.
Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.
Serum TG2A screening has a positive predictive value of 61% to detect celiac disease.
A 3-part testing process may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics in the pediatric emergency department.
A total of 101 influenza-related deaths occurred among children throughout the 2016-17 flu season.
Vaccines given shortly after birth demonstrated a strong inhibitory response to maternal antibodies.
The USPSTF has released updated recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents to focus on intensive behavioral interventions.
About 80% of birth defects between 2005 and 2009 have an unknown etiology.
Gestational weight gain greater than or less than guideline recommendations is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes.
Findings show that bacteria from mothers' breast milk and areolar skin are transferred to their infants' guts.
The new device uses magnetic catheters to draw the upper and lower esophagus together.
The generic forms of Strattera are the first to be approved by the FDA for the treatment of ADHD.
Treatment was effective in patients under 6 years who received 50 mg/day of zinc as an initial dose.
Implementation of a combined ID re-entry intervention and distinct naming convention greatly reduced the risk.
Celiac disease is associated with anorexia nervosa before and after a diagnosis of celiac disease.
Infants whose mothers got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy had a lower risk of pertussis during the first 2 months of life.
PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.
Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.
Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
However, missed opportunities for prevention were common among infected infants and their mothers in recent years.
Early feeding, skin-to-skin contact improves hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia
A hypoglycemia bundle was created in order to reduce hospital admission rates for infants at risk of hypoglycemia.
Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.
The students improved their basic knowledge of HPV and understood the benefits of the HPV vaccine.
Data presented at NAPNAP show that an early-onset sepsis calculator can decrease the number of infants who received a sepsis work-up and prophylactic antibiotics.
Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.
Some older children may be intentionally consuming brands containing alcohol, according to CDC researchers.
MRI scans showed that the brain size of infants grew faster between 12 and 24 months, the same time that behavioral signs of autism appeared.
Serum uric acid concentrations and fructose consumption are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Girls whose mothers consumed high amounts of licorice during pregnancy have more advanced pubertal maturation at age 12 years.
The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.
Researchers observed a 15-fold increase in diagnosis from 2008 to 2014 after accounting for demographic changes.
The Seeker System is approved to screen for four rare lysosomal storage disorders in newborns.
Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.
More than 6 million physician visits were made by children between 4 and 17 years of age with ADHD in 2012 to 2013.
Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.
Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.
The NIAID has issued addendum guidelines regarding the early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants at risk for peanut allergies.
Patients diagnosed with a prior psychiatric condition have increased odds of long-term opioid receipt than patients without these conditions.
The FDA warns against the repeated or prolonged use of anesthesia in pregnant women and in children younger than 3 years of age.
Diagnoses of neonatal abstinence syndrome rose from 1.2 per 1,000 hospital births to 7.5 per 1,000 hospital births among rural infants between 2004 and 2013.