Pediatrics

Do School Report Cards Serve as a Precipitant to Child Physical Abuse?

Do School Report Cards Serve as a Precipitant to Child Physical Abuse?

By

Releasing report cards on Fridays may increase the rate of child physical abuse on the following Saturday.

Croup Symptoms, Hospital Readmissions Reduced With Glucocorticoids

Croup Symptoms, Hospital Readmissions Reduced With Glucocorticoids

Children with croup who were given glucocorticoids had reduced symptoms at 2 through 24 hours.

Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines for Venous Thromboembolism: Pregnant and Pediatric Patients

Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines for Venous Thromboembolism: Pregnant and Pediatric Patients

In this 3-part series, Hematology Advisor spoke with experts about the revisions to the ASH clinical practice guidelines for venous thromboembolism.

Muscle Atrophy Occurs Rapidly in Critically Ill, Ventilated Children

Muscle Atrophy Occurs Rapidly in Critically Ill, Ventilated Children

Forty-seven percent of cohort experienced 11% decrease in diaphragm thickness after 6 days.

Identifying Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Antigenemia in Pediatric Patients

Identifying Risk Factors for Cytomegalovirus Antigenemia in Pediatric Patients

Researchers assessed risk factors for cytomegalovirus antigenemia in pediatric patients.

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Vaccine for Pediatric Influenza

Recent Nasal Preps Less Effective Than Vaccine for Pediatric Influenza

The quadrivalent LAIV4 is less effective than IIV against influenza A/H1N1pdm09 in all pediatric age groups.

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Child Pneumonia Rate Dropped Globally From 2000 to 2015

Number of clinical pneumonia episodes in children 5 years reduced 22% in developing countries.

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

School Nutrition Programs Slow BMI Gains in Children

Promoting healthier eating in middle school more effective than adding physical activity.

Case Study: Fever and Headache in an Adolescent Boy

Case Study: Fever and Headache in an Adolescent Boy

By

A 13-year-old boy is sent to the emergency department for evaluation of fever and headache that have been present for approximately 1 week.

Incident Concussion 5.1% Per Season for Youth Football

Incident Concussion 5.1% Per Season for Youth Football

Risk increased for youth with depression or history of concussion.

Mental, Behavior, Developmental Disorders Up With Low-Income

Mental, Behavior, Developmental Disorders Up With Low-Income

Children in lower- vs higher-income households more often diagnosed with MBDDs.

Food Allergy in Children: A Public Health Concern

Food Allergy in Children: A Public Health Concern

By

The prevalence of food allergy in US children has increased, including the number of emergency department visits as well as severe allergic reaction responses, reflecting a growing public health concern.

Structured Family-Centered Peds Rounds Improve Patient Safety

Structured Family-Centered Peds Rounds Improve Patient Safety

Forty percent decrease seen in harmful errors; decrease also in nonpreventable adverse events.

Cesarean Delivery Outcomes May Influence Risk for Early Childhood Overweight

Cesarean Delivery Outcomes May Influence Risk for Early Childhood Overweight

By

Elective cesarean delivery may influence the risk of early childhood overweight.

Psychosocial Factors Key in Peds Care for Special-Needs Kids

Psychosocial Factors Key in Peds Care for Special-Needs Kids

Report provides guidance for clinicians caring for children and youth with special health care needs.

Prenatal Malaria Exposure Modulates Innate Immune Responses at Birth

Prenatal Malaria Exposure Modulates Innate Immune Responses at Birth

Placental malaria has a profound effect on the fetal immune system, and prenatal malaria exposure categories may drive heterogeneity to malaria susceptibility.

Risk for Later Suicide Up for Certain Youth Presenting to ED

Risk for Later Suicide Up for Certain Youth Presenting to ED

Hazard ratios significantly increased for self-directed violence after initial visit for epilepsy, seizures.

More US Teens Are Vaping, but Use of Opioids, Alcohol Falling

More US Teens Are Vaping, but Use of Opioids, Alcohol Falling

Vaping among American teenagers increased dramatically in 2018, with nearly 2 of every 5 high school seniors reporting they had tried an electronic cigarette during the past year.

Chemicals Found in Personal Care Products Linked to Early Puberty in Adolescent Girls

Chemicals Found in Personal Care Products Linked to Early Puberty in Adolescent Girls

By

Certain chemicals used in personal care and household products were found to cause early puberty in adolescent girls.

Home Remedies, Spices Associated With Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children

Home Remedies, Spices Associated With Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children

By

Spices, herbal remedies, and ceremonial powders may contain lead and contribute to elevated blood lead levels among exposed children.

Risk Up for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Risk Up for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Odds of both ASD and ADHD increased for later-born siblings of children with either diagnosis.

Increased Nurse Workload Linked to Missed Care in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Increased Nurse Workload Linked to Missed Care in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

By

Nurse staffing ratios and subjective workload were found to be directly associated with missed care in a NICU.

Childhood Behavioral Interventions May Promote Adult Cardiovascular Health

Childhood Behavioral Interventions May Promote Adult Cardiovascular Health

By

Focusing on children for health promotion, strategies for program implementation, and gaps in research may be a successful approach for lifelong cardiovascular health.

USPSTF Intervention to Prevent Child Maltreatment

USPSTF Intervention to Prevent Child Maltreatment

By

The United States Preventive Services Task Force has updated their 2013 recommendations for clinician interventions to prevent maltreatment in children.

Lack of Peds Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Lack of Peds Preventive Care Ups Unplanned Hospital Admissions

Infants and children lacking vaccinations, development checks more likely to be admitted.

A Case of Floppy Baby Syndrome

A Case of Floppy Baby Syndrome

A previously healthy 4-month-old infant presents with weak cry, inability to feed, and having the appearance of a "floppy rag doll."

Prevalence of Ever-Diagnosed ASD 2.79% in US Children

Prevalence of Ever-Diagnosed ASD 2.79% in US Children

70 percent of children with current ASD are treated; 20.3% receive behavioral treatment and medication.

Oral Immunomodulatory Therapy for Pediatric Peanut Allergy

Oral Immunomodulatory Therapy for Pediatric Peanut Allergy

By

Pediatric patients with peanut allergy may benefit from an oral immunomodulatory treatment that can reduce the severity of symptoms associated with peanut protein ingestion.

For Teen Girls, Depression May Predict Subsequent Alcohol Use

For Teen Girls, Depression May Predict Subsequent Alcohol Use

Depression severity predicts increased likelihood of alcohol use; link for reverse pathway inconsistent.

Liquid Biopsy Can Assess Treatment Response of Peds Brain Tumors

Liquid Biopsy Can Assess Treatment Response of Peds Brain Tumors

Study is the first to document the utility of liquid biopsy in a pediatric brain tumor population.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters