Pediatrics

AAP Provides Safety Precautions to Prevent Drowning

AAP Provides Safety Precautions to Prevent Drowning

Drowning is leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children aged 1 to 4 years.

Completing Sepsis Bundle Within an Hour Cuts Pediatric Mortality

Completing Sepsis Bundle Within an Hour Cuts Pediatric Mortality

However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.

HPV Legislation Doesn't Impact Teen Sexual Behaviors

HPV Legislation Doesn't Impact Teen Sexual Behaviors

No substantive or significant associations between HPV legislation and adolescent sexual behaviors.

Parental Belief in Religion Lowers Child Suicide Risk

Parental Belief in Religion Lowers Child Suicide Risk

Findings independent of offsprings' views on religious importance.

Nonmedical expenses of pediatric hospitalizations have disproportionate effects

Caregivers of hospitalized children had median nonmedical expenses and lost wages totaling $51.4 per day of hospitalization.

ADA Releases Updated Guidelines for Managing Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes

ADA Releases Updated Guidelines for Managing Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes

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It is critical for us to remember that children are not little adults. Pediatric-onset diabetes is different from adult-onset diabetes due to its distinct epidemiology, pathophysiology, developmental considerations, and response to therapy.

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

Increasing screen trends may have negative cardiometabolic impact; panel calls for more research.

Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Fetal, Infant Growth

Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Fetal, Infant Growth

Findings based on study of Bangladeshi women and infants, a population with known deficiency.

Resource Use Greater for More Severe Pediatric Appendicitis

Resource Use Greater for More Severe Pediatric Appendicitis

Findings suggest need for reimbursement to have severity adjustment, especially in underserved areas.

Stat Consult: Cleft Lip and Palate

Stat Consult: Cleft Lip and Palate

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Cleft lip and palate is defined as congenital malformation of the upper lip and/or oral cavity disrupting normal facial structure and oromotor function.

Asthma Hospitalization Risk in Children From Grass, Weed, and Other Pollens

Asthma Hospitalization Risk in Children From Grass, Weed, and Other Pollens

Grass, other weeds, and unclassified pollen were significantly associated with increased risk for asthma hospitalization in young children.

Pediatric Ward Noise at Night Exceeds Recommended Levels

Pediatric Ward Noise at Night Exceeds Recommended Levels

Poorer quality sleep for children, parents attributed to high levels of noise.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Cumulative incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 38.3 per 100,000 prescriptions.

WIC Program Enrollment Linked to Declining Pediatric Obesity

WIC Program Enrollment Linked to Declining Pediatric Obesity

Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

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A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Child Health Concerns Related to Use of Food Additives

Substantial improvements to food additives regulatory system are needed.

Lithium Use During Pregnancy Linked to Infant, Maternal Health Risks

Lithium Use During Pregnancy Linked to Infant, Maternal Health Risks

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Maternal lithium use in the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk for infant malformations.

Lack of Vaccination in High-Exempt Areas Linked to Medical Distrust

Lack of Vaccination in High-Exempt Areas Linked to Medical Distrust

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Exemption from vaccination is common in Arizona school districts due to lack of trust in medical establishments.

Food-Induced Anaphylaxis Risk in Infants, Children

Food-Induced Anaphylaxis Risk in Infants, Children

Respiratory symptoms were more common in older children compared with infants who presented with food-induced anaphylaxis.

More Youths With Hypertension Using 2017 AAP Guidelines

More Youths With Hypertension Using 2017 AAP Guidelines

Weighted net estimated increase of 795,000 US youths being reclassified as having hypertension.

Decrease in Mean Platelet Counts Seen During Pregnancy

Decrease in Mean Platelet Counts Seen During Pregnancy

Platelet counts of 150,000/mm at time of delivery more common with pregnancy-related complications

Guidelines for Management of Hypothalamic-Pituitary, Growth Disorders in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Guidelines for Management of Hypothalamic-Pituitary, Growth Disorders in Childhood Cancer Survivors

The Endocrine Society, European Society of Endocrinology, and Pediatric Endocrine Society issue guidelines for the management of hypothalamic-pituitary and growth disorders in childhood cancer survivors.

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Two-Thirds of Parents Report Their Child Has Had Headache

Only 44 of parents would definitely go to ER if their child had headache that didn't improve with medication.

Overuse of Neuroimaging in the Emergency Department Reported for Pediatric Headache

Overuse of Neuroimaging in the Emergency Department Reported for Pediatric Headache

Investigators examined rates, predictors, and outcomes of neuroimaging in pediatric and adolescent patients who presented to the ED with a headache.

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

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The administration of PCV7 and PCV13 reduced the number of ambulatory visits for otitis media in pediatric patients.

Blister Packs for Several Meds Recalled Due to Risk of Harm to Children

Blister Packs for Several Meds Recalled Due to Risk of Harm to Children

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The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Internet "Challenges" and Teenagers: a Guide for Primary Care Providers

Discussions involving Internet challenges with children and adolescents should be as sensitive as those about sexuality and drug or alcohol use.

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

Others have argued that dismissal is ethically problematic because it can deprive children of comprehensive pediatric care and undermine public health.

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

Policy supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes, adding warning labels

Metabolic Health Predicative of Cognitive Development in Children

Metabolic Health Predicative of Cognitive Development in Children

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Researchers assessed whether current metabolic parameters are inversely associated with cognitive functioning.

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