Print Issue: May 29, 2008

Breakfast keeps teens’ weight down

Adolescents and young adults who eat breakfast are less likely to become overweight than those who skip the meal, a new study shows. They also have better overall diets, and are much more physically active. Researchers at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis surveyed a racially and economically diverse sample of 2,216 boys and girls…

Diabetes drug slows atherosclerosis

THE diabetes drug pioglitazone (Actos) slowed the progression of atherosclerosis and showed other cardiovascular benefits in a recent head-to-head clinical trial against glimepiride (Amaryl). Known as PERISCOPE, the study enrolled 543 type 2 diabetics with coronary disease. They were randomly assigned to receive either 1-4 mg glimepiride or 15-45 mg pioglitazone, titrated to maximum tolerable…

Big bellies tied to increased dementia risk

Add dementia to the growing list of conditions a pot belly may predict. Researchers report that individuals with large abdominal girth in their 40s were as much as 3.6 times more likely to exhibit dementia three decades later than their leaner cohorts. Previous research has tied abdominal obesity to cardiovascular disease and other medical conditions.…

Hepatitis A on the wane

Since the mid-1990s, the incidence of acute infectious hepatitis A has been declining sharply in the United States, as the chart shows. Source: CDC

Plaque persists despite ezetimibe Rx

A combination of simvastatin and ezetimibe (Vytorin) lowered cholesterol better than simvastatin alone, but it had no effect on arterial plaque in a major clinical trial. As a result, cardiologists are recommending that clinicians use ezetimibe only as a drug of last resort. The results were presented at the American College of Cardiology’s (ACC) meeting…

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