Psychiatry

Schizophrenia, Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder Linked With Abnormal Functional Connectivity

Schizophrenia, Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder Linked With Abnormal Functional Connectivity

Local functional connectivity may serve as neuroimaging marker to investigate the human brain connectome.

AMA Vows to Improve Access for Physicians Seeking Mental Health Care

AMA Vows to Improve Access for Physicians Seeking Mental Health Care

New policy recommends state licensing boards to only inquire about current conditions

Personality Disorders Related to Adverse Outcomes in Bipolar Disorder

Personality Disorders Related to Adverse Outcomes in Bipolar Disorder

These data may lead to a more nuanced understanding of bipolar disorder and to a better definition of the effectiveness of interventions directed at treating both personality disorders and bipolar disorder.

Older Age Tied to Poorer Course of Major Depressive Disorder

Older Age Tied to Poorer Course of Major Depressive Disorder

Results were slightly attenuated but remained mostly significant with adjustment for prognostic factors

Recommendations for Psychological Treatment of Anxiety in Primary Care

Recommendations for Psychological Treatment of Anxiety in Primary Care

Increased implementation of integrated primary care could help to improve the availability of psychological treatment for this patient population.

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Prolonged Exposure to Psychotropic Medications Common in Medicaid-Insured Children

Researchers emphasized the need for outcomes research in pediatric populations to elucidate the long-term effects of early and sustained psychotropic medication exposure.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Parent-child reading interventions have positive psychosocial effects

A meta-analysis reviewing the effect of parent-child book reading interventions revealed a positive correlation between such interventions and a broad range of beneficial psychosocial outcomes, including social-emotional competence, quality of life, and parenting competence.

Alcohol use disorder: a clinical practice guideline

Alcohol use disorder: a clinical practice guideline

The new guideline focuses on evidence-based treatments in alcohol use disorder such as pharmacologic treatments, naltrexone, disulfiram, and topiramate.

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Distinct treatment trajectories vary for childhood depression

Youths receiving dual therapy for depression had the highest incidence of attempted suicide compared with those receiving monotherapy.

Most adolescents with ADHD have indifferent attitudes toward medication

Most adolescents with ADHD have indifferent attitudes toward medication

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A majority of study participants also reported that they frequently skip doses of ADHD medication.

Discontinuation of antidepressants before 1 year may increase relapse risk in patients with anxiety

Discontinuation of antidepressants before 1 year may increase relapse risk in patients with anxiety

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Antidepressant discontinuation increased the odds of relapse compared with continued therapy.

Alcohol use and high-risk drinking has increased among US adults

Alcohol use and high-risk drinking has increased among US adults

Increases were greatest among women, older adults, racial/ethnic minorities, and individuals with lower educational level and family income.

APA identifies reasons for underuse of buprenorphine

APA identifies reasons for underuse of buprenorphine

The number of physicians adopting buprenorphine therapy has not kept pace with the magnitude of the opioid epidemic.

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

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Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

Physical activity may not reduce the risk of dementia

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Results from a 27-year follow-up study found no association between physical activity and a lower risk of dementia.

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

Depression among diabetes patients may affect long-term drug adherence

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Patients exhibiting moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms had worse adherence than nondepressed patients.

Political conflicts in the workplace cause stress post-election

Political conflicts in the workplace cause stress post-election

A recent survey found that 26% of workers felt tense or stressed ever since the election, due to political discussions at work.

Drug and alcohol use associated with higher risk of adolescent firearm homicide

Drug and alcohol use associated with higher risk of adolescent firearm homicide

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Substance use is associated with an increased risk of adolescent firearm homicide.

Psychiatric, behavioral conditions linked to future long-term opioid use

Psychiatric, behavioral conditions linked to future long-term opioid use

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Patients diagnosed with a prior psychiatric condition have increased odds of long-term opioid receipt than patients without these conditions.

Psilocybin treatment reduces depression, anxiety in cancer patients

Psilocybin treatment reduces depression, anxiety in cancer patients

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Two studies found that psilocybin (magic mushrooms) treatment was effective for anxiety and depression.

Electroconvulsive therapy effective for major depressive disorder

Electroconvulsive therapy effective for major depressive disorder

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Electroconvulsive therapy is effective for depression in patients with suicidal ideation and resistance to other treatments.

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

AAP recommendations for behavioral and emotional problems in young children

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Most young children with an emotional, behavioral, or relationship problem receive no interventions for their disorder.

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

Dementia rates decline over the last decade in the United States

The prevalence of dementia dropped about 24% between 2000 and 2012.

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Depression limits adherence to COPD maintenance medications

Older adults with depression are less likely to adhere to COPD maintenance medications regimens.

Suicide prevention: restricting access to lethal means is effective

Suicide prevention: restricting access to lethal means is effective

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While many suicide prevention techniques are effective, others have not been proven to be beneficial.

Most antidepressants may be ineffective for children, adolescents

Most antidepressants may be ineffective for children, adolescents

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For children and teens diagnosed with depression, the benefits of the most commonly prescribed antidepressants may not outweigh the risks.

FDA approves buprenorphine implant for opioid dependence

FDA approves buprenorphine implant for opioid dependence

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Probuphine is the first buprenorphine implant approved for the maintenance treatment of opioid dependence.

Smoking while pregnant increases risk of schizophrenia in offspring

Smoking while pregnant increases risk of schizophrenia in offspring

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Mothers who heavily used tobacco during pregnancy increased the risk of their children developing schizophrenia.

Antidepressants regularly prescribed for off-label indications

Antidepressants regularly prescribed for off-label indications

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Antidepressant use for anxiety, panic, and ADHD has increased.

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