Pulmonology News Archive
In phase 2 study, surgery for abnormal acid GER in IPF patients was safe, well-tolerated.
Teens whose concern over societal discrimination grew between 2016 and 2017 increased their cigarette and marijuana use.
Cockroach and mouse allergies were most often associated with poorly controlled asthma and exacerbations in urban adolescents.
Total omega-3 and omega-6 plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids relative abundances were significantly inversely correlated with asthma/recurrent wheeze and allergic sensitization.
Investigators examined the effects of smoking on respiratory symptoms and functional levels in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Vitamin D deficiency is independently associated with subclinical interstitial lung disease and its progression.
Although allergic sensitization and hay fever rates increased as children grew older, the rates of asthma dropped.
Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current, future consequences for human health.
Patients perceive swallowing difficulty from thickness of saliva, but no real increase in mucus.
Increase in asthma hospital visits with increasing ambient particulate matter in San Luis Valley.
According to the report, the patient complained of a non-productive cough, accumulation of mucus, and post-nasal drip and requested a thorough assessment of her medical conditions.
No difference in exacerbations with indacaterol/glycopyrronium for non-frequently exacerbating COPD.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
Many women are unconvinced of the potential harmful effects of marijuana use in pregnancy due to the lack of available evidence.
CXR had negative predictive value of 98.8% in children evaluated for suspected pneumonia.
First bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using endobronchial valve performed at Temple University.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction have significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Researchers found that 14.6 percent of adults reported marijuana use in the past year and 8.7 percent reported use in the past 30 days.
Rate of incident pneumonia increased in second year after initiating treatment with proton pump inhibitors.
Air pollution advisories, air quality alerts issued for Washington, Oregon.
Children and young adults with asthma and multiple food allergies may be at risk for reduced small airway lung function than children with a single food allergy.
An expert panel developed suggestions for chronic cough management in interstitial lung disease, but more clinical trials are needed to establish recommendations.
Sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus increased the risk for severe asthma.
Rifampin has significantly higher rate of treatment completion, fewer drug-related adverse events.
Serologically assessed collagen remodeling plays a key role in the severity of COPD, as determined by airflow limitation and dyspnea, as well as in disease outcomes.
More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.
Agency offers steps to minimize exposure, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
Valve has been approved after review of data from trial involving 190 patients with emphysema
Investigators examined the incidence and outcomes of pneumonia in patients with acute ischemic stroke and type 2 diabetes.
The use of formal palliative care services among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increased by 1% per year, going from 5.3% in 2004 to 14.3% in 2014.
Researchers from the University of Rochester identified improvement in pulmonary function in symptomatic adult patients with asthma treated with once-daily tiotropium.
Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.
Researchers developed a predictive algorithm to identify individuals with a higher risk for severe reactions to the standardized peanut oral food challenge.
Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases
Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.
AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products
In black infants who were born preterm, vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for recurrent wheezing.
Crossover in sex-specific rates among US non-Hispanic whites born since 1965
Men with higher estradiol and estradiol/testosterone levels had an increased risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Grip strength is strongly and inversely associated with all-cause mortality and incidence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, COPD, all cancer, and subtypes of cancer, with associations being modestly stronger in the younger age groups.
The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.
A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.
Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.
Findings based on a portable monitor and use of a semi-automatic treatment algorithm
Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.
Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.
Single maintenance and reliever therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are linked to better management of asthma in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma.
Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.
Patients with opioid dependence or abuse may exhibit a higher prevalence of asthma compared with the general population.
Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.
Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
When testing for sensitivity to histamine, larger swelling sizes were recorded for infants with eczema and atopic dermatitis compared with infants without those conditions.
Researchers assessed whether the administration of dupilumab improves signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis in patients with or without comorbid asthma.
Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.
Intranasal corticosteroids are the current guideline-preferred treatment recommendation for nasal congestion.
Data from the Isle of Wight birth cohort study and the Kuwait University Allergy cross-sectional study were used to assess self-reported acetaminophen use and asthma diagnosis.
A cohort from the CANDLE study was assessed to determine if race plays a role in the protective effect of maternal vitamin D levels on childhood asthma.
Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.
Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.
A congressionally mandated report has found that e-cigarettes are likely to be far less harmful than conventional cigarettes, although they are not without health risks.
Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.
Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.
Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.
Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.
New evidence regarding safety is spurring the US FDA to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and COPD.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
There has been little change in the treatment recommendations for cough due to the common cold since publication of guidelines in 2006.
A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.
The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.
Incidence of pneumonia was higher among patients with GERD compared with matched controls.
Results support the benefits of single-inhaler triple therapy compared with inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist therapy in patients with advanced COPD.
Researchers observed a positive correlation between the amount and duration of smoking and the occurrence of psoriasis.
Asthma was associated with Crohn's disease and with early- and late-onset ulcerative colitis.
Men who are admitted to the hospital with a serious infection may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years immediately following the infection.
Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia
No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.
Vitamin B supplements are not chemopreventive and may increase cancer risk in men.
No significant effects were found from oral corticosteroid use for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma.
The COPD Foundation has released tips for patients with COPD to avoid pneumonia and exacerbations.
Results show that exposure to pesticides and herbicides is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis.
Researchers found that doxycycline plus prednisone did not prolong the time between exacerbations in patients with COPD.
The hospital and ICU mortality rates of critically ill patients with VZV-CAP were 24% and 17%, respectively.
Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.
A chest CT can provide additional information on comorbidities, including coronary artery disease and osteoporosis.
The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.
Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.
Patients are more likely to exercise and participate in pulmonary rehabilitation if they live with others and have a caregiver.
LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.
Users of opioid-only agents had significantly increased rates of emergency room visits and hospitalizations for ischemic heart disease and IHD-related mortality.
Cardiac geometry demonstrated by non-contrast computerized tomography scan can predict which patients will respond to β-blocker therapy with a reduction in exacerbation frequency.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
Adding home noninvasive ventilation to home oxygen therapy was effective in patients with persistent hypercapnia following an acute exacerbation of COPD.
The national action plan released by the NHLBI aims to reduce the burden of COPD through collaboration with federal agencies, patients, advocates, and researchers.
The TRINITY study found that triple therapy significantly reduced the rate of COPD exacerbations.