Pulmonology News Archive
A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.
Findings among children for both incident asthma and ongoing asthma.
Findings based on a portable monitor and use of a semi-automatic treatment algorithm
Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.
Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.
Single maintenance and reliever therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are linked to better management of asthma in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma.
Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.
Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.
There is a significant association between varicose veins and an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis and possible associations with pulmonary embolism and peripheral artery disease, though results are still unclear.
Patients with opioid dependence or abuse may exhibit a higher prevalence of asthma compared with the general population.
Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.
Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
When testing for sensitivity to histamine, larger swelling sizes were recorded for infants with eczema and atopic dermatitis compared with infants without those conditions.
Researchers assessed whether the administration of dupilumab improves signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis in patients with or without comorbid asthma.
Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.
Intranasal corticosteroids are the current guideline-preferred treatment recommendation for nasal congestion.
Data from the Isle of Wight birth cohort study and the Kuwait University Allergy cross-sectional study were used to assess self-reported acetaminophen use and asthma diagnosis.
A cohort from the CANDLE study was assessed to determine if race plays a role in the protective effect of maternal vitamin D levels on childhood asthma.
Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.
Undergoing cardiac surgery during the influenza season is associated with increased likelihood of development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.
A congressionally mandated report has found that e-cigarettes are likely to be far less harmful than conventional cigarettes, although they are not without health risks.
Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.
Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.
Overweight/obese preschools have greater asthma symptoms than normal-weight children when untreated.
Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.
New evidence regarding safety is spurring the US FDA to remove a Boxed Warning from certain inhaled medications used to treat asthma and COPD.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
A pneumonia vaccine under development provides the most comprehensive coverage to date and alleviates antimicrobial concerns.
There has been little change in the treatment recommendations for cough due to the common cold since publication of guidelines in 2006.
A combination antibiotic regimen with a macrolide was shown to improve short- and long-term outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia.
The researchers found that 42% of the estimated 12 million ever-employed adults with current asthma had received a pneumococcal vaccine.
Incidence of pneumonia was higher among patients with GERD compared with matched controls.
Results support the benefits of single-inhaler triple therapy compared with inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist therapy in patients with advanced COPD.
Researchers observed a positive correlation between the amount and duration of smoking and the occurrence of psoriasis.
Asthma was associated with Crohn's disease and with early- and late-onset ulcerative colitis.
Men who are admitted to the hospital with a serious infection may have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years immediately following the infection.
Hypoxia, increased work of breathing outweigh tachypnea, auscultatory findings in diagnosing pneumonia
No single clinical observation reliably differentiates pneumonia from other causes of respiratory illness in children.
Vitamin B supplements are not chemopreventive and may increase cancer risk in men.
No significant effects were found from oral corticosteroid use for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma.
The COPD Foundation has released tips for patients with COPD to avoid pneumonia and exacerbations.
Results show that exposure to pesticides and herbicides is associated with fixed airflow obstruction and chronic bronchitis.
Researchers found that doxycycline plus prednisone did not prolong the time between exacerbations in patients with COPD.
The hospital and ICU mortality rates of critically ill patients with VZV-CAP were 24% and 17%, respectively.
Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.
A chest CT can provide additional information on comorbidities, including coronary artery disease and osteoporosis.
The update includes 30 new medicines for adults and 25 for children and groups antibiotics into 3 distinct categories.
Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.
Patients are more likely to exercise and participate in pulmonary rehabilitation if they live with others and have a caregiver.
LABA/LAMA is associated with a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.
Users of opioid-only agents had significantly increased rates of emergency room visits and hospitalizations for ischemic heart disease and IHD-related mortality.
Cardiac geometry demonstrated by non-contrast computerized tomography scan can predict which patients will respond to β-blocker therapy with a reduction in exacerbation frequency.
Study findings suggest that nursing home residents should receive more guidance in using strategies to prevent aspiration during eating and drinking.
Adding home noninvasive ventilation to home oxygen therapy was effective in patients with persistent hypercapnia following an acute exacerbation of COPD.
The national action plan released by the NHLBI aims to reduce the burden of COPD through collaboration with federal agencies, patients, advocates, and researchers.
The TRINITY study found that triple therapy significantly reduced the rate of COPD exacerbations.
The annual number of patients who died from COPD while in the hospital decreased 62% from 2005 to 2014.
About 1 in 4 adult patients with pneumonia do not respond to initial prescription of antibiotic treatment.
Surgical pulmonary embolectomy for peripheral distribution of thrombus demonstrated positive outcomes in patients with either CPE or PPE.
Distinct differences occur between eosinophilic COPD and COPD patients with asthma.
Increased residual volume is associated with a larger pulmonary artery in patients with COPD.
A 2016 thunderstorm asthma outbreak in Australia occurred when high grass pollen concentrations were dispersed by strong winds.
The use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in asthma patients.
Compared with current use of metformin + sulfonylurea, the use of thiazolidinediones + metformin was associated with an increased risk of community-acquired pneumonia.
Clinicians should consider risk of pneumonia when weighing the benefits and risks of benzodiazepines in patients with Alzheimer disease.
All participants with a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio greater than 28.3 died within 30 days.
Use of the empowerment approach is necessary for health promotion in older patients with COPD, but little attention has been paid to the dimensions of empowerment in COPD management.
Utibron Neohaler inhalation powder is indicated for the long-term maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD.
Serum concentration levels of several antidepressants were lower in cigarette smokers compared with nonsmokers.
The European Respiratory Society and the American Thoracic Society have released a guideline for the treatment of patients with COPD exacerbations.
PCV10 decreases rate of pneumonia among vaccine-eligible children and older, unvaccinated children.
Elevated cardiac troponin T is also strongly prognostic of cardiac mortality observed in association with community-acquired pneumonia.
Factors that contribute to antibiotic choice for CAP include patient age, previous antibiotic receipt, and private insurance.
Researchers observed a 95.3% reduction of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia after implementation of routine immunization with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
A daily dose of atorvastatin could reduce pulmonary artery pressure among patients with COPD.
A novel technique involving NPPV reduced the risks of nosocomial infection, requirement for intubation, and hospital mortality in patients with COPD.
Researchers also observed no difference in 30-day mortality rates between patients in the ICU and those who received regular inpatient care in another hospital unit.
Countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.
Research presented at the AAAAI Annual Meeting suggests a link between maternal vitamin E levels and childhood asthma development.
Point of care lung ultrasound is an accurate tool for the diagnosis of pneumonia, according to researchers.
The guidelines outline the diagnosis of CF and clarify diagnostic criteria and terminology for other disorders associated with CFTR mutations.
Results showed no link between inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pharyngitis, otitis media, or sinusitis.
A strong inverse association between total fruit and vegetable consumption and COPD was observed in smokers but not in never-smokers.
Patients receiving vitamin D for deficiency without bolus doses experienced the most benefit.
Findings from a US claims-based retrospective study call for more effective antimicrobial treatments for patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
The ACIP has released the 2017 recommended immunization schedule for adults.
The schedule includes new or revised recommendations for several vaccines for children and adolescents.
Electronic cigarettes cause an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased oxidative stress, which may increase cardiovascular risk.
Higher-potency statins increased hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia compared with lower-potency statins.
Endobronchial suture should be considered in patients with recurrent pneumonia that is unresponsive to medical therapy.
Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccines offered protection against community-acquired pneumonia in COPD patients.
The PPSV23 vaccine may not prevent pneumonia in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
An estimated 900,000 veterans of a population of 6.7 million VHA patients met the criteria for LCS.
About one-third of adults with physician-diagnosed asthma in the last 5 years may not have a current diagnosis.
Recent advances in measuring asthma control tools have enhanced ongoing assessment and monitoring of asthma.
Budesonide/formoterol treatment decreased exacerbations in COPD after 3 months.
Self-estimated life expectancy rates may differ from clinician-estimated rates of survival.