Pulmonology

Food Allergies Linked to Reduced Small Airway Function in Children With Asthma

Food Allergies Linked to Reduced Small Airway Function in Children With Asthma

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Children and young adults with asthma and multiple food allergies may be at risk for reduced small airway lung function than children with a single food allergy.

Chronic Cough in Interstitial Lung Disease: More Clinical Trials Needed

Chronic Cough in Interstitial Lung Disease: More Clinical Trials Needed

An expert panel developed suggestions for chronic cough management in interstitial lung disease, but more clinical trials are needed to establish recommendations.

Severe Asthma Risk Increased From <i>Aspergillus fumigatus</i> Sensitization

Severe Asthma Risk Increased From Aspergillus fumigatus Sensitization

Sensitization to Aspergillus fumigatus increased the risk for severe asthma.

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Collagen Degradation, Formation Elevated in Patients With Exacerbated COPD

Serologically assessed collagen remodeling plays a key role in the severity of COPD, as determined by airflow limitation and dyspnea, as well as in disease outcomes.

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.

Wildfire Smoke Causes Health Risks

Wildfire Smoke Causes Health Risks

Agency offers steps to minimize exposure, particularly for those with chronic conditions.

FDA: Zephyr Endobronchial Valve Approved for Severe Emphysema

FDA: Zephyr Endobronchial Valve Approved for Severe Emphysema

Valve has been approved after review of data from trial involving 190 patients with emphysema

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

COPD End-of-Life Management Strategies: Use Could Be Expanded

The use of formal palliative care services among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increased by 1% per year, going from 5.3% in 2004 to 14.3% in 2014.

Tiotropium Once-Daily Plus ICS Maintenance May Improve Airflow Obstruction in Adult Asthma

Tiotropium Once-Daily Plus ICS Maintenance May Improve Airflow Obstruction in Adult Asthma

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Researchers from the University of Rochester identified improvement in pulmonary function in symptomatic adult patients with asthma treated with once-daily tiotropium.

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.

CD63 Ratio May Predict Allergic Reaction Severity in Peanut Food Challenge

CD63 Ratio May Predict Allergic Reaction Severity in Peanut Food Challenge

Researchers developed a predictive algorithm to identify individuals with a higher risk for severe reactions to the standardized peanut oral food challenge.

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Adenoid, Tonsil Removal May Affect Later Respiratory Risks

Surgeries by age 9 associated with higher long-term risks of respiratory, infectious, allergic diseases

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Respiratory Pathogens May Increase Treatment Failure Risk in Asthma

Increased risk of treatment failure for children with asthma exacerbations presenting to the ER.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Recurrent Wheezing in Preterm Black Infants

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Recurrent Wheezing in Preterm Black Infants

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In black infants who were born preterm, vitamin D supplementation may reduce the risk for recurrent wheezing.

Prediction tool helps tailor lung cancer screening to patient benefit and preferences

Prediction tool may help physicians better personalize screening discussions with patients.

Lung Cancer Incidence Higher for Young Women Than Young Men

Lung Cancer Incidence Higher for Young Women Than Young Men

Crossover in sex-specific rates among US non-Hispanic whites born since 1965

PAH Risk, Mortality Increased by Disturbances in Male Sex Hormones

PAH Risk, Mortality Increased by Disturbances in Male Sex Hormones

Men with higher estradiol and estradiol/testosterone levels had an increased risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Budesonide-formoterol as needed superior to terbutaline in mild asthma: The SYGMA trial

In patients with mild asthma, use of the inhaled combined corticosteroid and beta agonist budesonide-formoterol as needed was superior to terbutaline as needed with respect to electronically recorded weeks of well-controlled asthma.

Hand Grip Strength Associated With All-Cause Mortality, Other Adverse Outcomes

Hand Grip Strength Associated With All-Cause Mortality, Other Adverse Outcomes

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Grip strength is strongly and inversely associated with all-cause mortality and incidence of and mortality from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, COPD, all cancer, and subtypes of cancer, with associations being modestly stronger in the younger age groups.

Parental cannabis use increasing, cigarette use decreasing

Current cannabis use among parents with children at home increased from 4.9% to 6.8% while current cigarette use declined from 27.6% to 20.2% from 2002-2015, as measured by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Case Study: Cardiovascular Complications of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Be Effectively Managed in Primary Care

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Be Effectively Managed in Primary Care

Findings based on a portable monitor and use of a semi-automatic treatment algorithm

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: Is There a Link?

Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

COPD Risk in Middle Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Childhood Measles

A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

Health burden varies significantly by state in the US

In the US Burden of Disease Report, the leading causes of death were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer's disease, and colorectal cancer while the leading causes of disability were low back pain, major depressive disorder, and diabetes.

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

Pediatric Asthma Unaffected by 5-fold Increased Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose

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Increasing inhaled glucocorticoid doses at initial signs of exacerbating asthma may not be effective.

High-Flow Oxygen Treatment Better for Infants with Bronchiolitis Than Standard Therapy

High-Flow Oxygen Treatment Better for Infants with Bronchiolitis Than Standard Therapy

Compared with standard oxygen therapy, high-flow treatments were better for infants with bronchiolotis.

Assessing LABA, LAMA treatments for persistent asthma control

Assessing LABA, LAMA treatments for persistent asthma control

Single maintenance and reliever therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists are linked to better management of asthma in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma.

Smoking Screening Beneficial in Pediatric Pulmonology Clinics

Smoking Screening Beneficial in Pediatric Pulmonology Clinics

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Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.

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